Death of Pope Boniface VIII
Geoffrey Chaucer receives the office of Justice of the Peace
Christopher Columbus arrived with his expedition in the present-day Bahamas. Columbus believed he had reached India.
Martin Luther, summoned before the Diet of Augsburg, refuses to recant
Edward VI, King of England, by Caesarian section (The only son of Henry VIII by his third wife Jane Seymour) born
Death of Queen Jane (Seymour) of England
Rudolf II, the king of Hungary and Bohemia, succeeds his father, Maximillian II, as Holy Roman Emperor.
Henry More, English Neo-Platonist philosopher born
Arthur Collier, idealist philosopher and theologian remembered for his concept of human knowledge. born
Shah Sultan Husayn surrenders the Persian capital of Isfahan to Afgan rebels after a seven month siege.
The commonwealth of Virginia made provision for the establishing the first hospital in America for persons with mental illnesses.
Lyman Beecher, U.S. Presbyterian clergyman in the revivalist tradition. born
Pedro I, founder of the Brazilian empire and first emperor of Brazil. born
Meriwether Lewis, of the Lewis and Clark expedition, dies under mysterious circumstances in St. Louis.
William Joseph Hardee, Confederate general in the American Civil War (1861-65) who wrote a popular infantry manual used by both the North and the South. born
Isaac Newton Lewis, U.S. Army officer and inventor best known for the Lewis machine gun, widely used in World War I and later. born
Elmer Sperry, who devised practical uses for the gyroscope born
The Confederate ironclad "Manassas" attacked the northern ship "Richmond" on the Mississippi River.
Sir Arthur Harden, English biochemist and corecipient with Hans von Euler-Chelpin of the 1929 Nobel Prize for Chemistry, born
General Robert E. Lee died in Lexington, Virginia, at age 63.
English composer Ralph Vaughn Williams born
Apache leader Cochise signs a peace treaty with General O.O. Howard in Arizona Territory. At times cruel, Chiricahua Chief Cochise had courage and was devoted to the truth.
Alistair Crowley, a major figure in occultism. born
American poet Wallace Stevens. born
Edith Stein, Roman Catholic convert from Judaism, Carmelite nun, philosopher, and spiritual writer who was executed by the Nazis because of her Jewish ancestry. She is regarded as a modern martyr. born
Alice Childress, African-American playwright, novelist, and actress, known for her realistic stories about the enduring optimism of black Americans. born
English nurse Edith Cavell was executed by the Germans in occupied Belgium during World War One.
Construction began on the Holland Tunnel between New York City and New Jersey.
Founder of Weight Watchers Jean Nidetch born
Charles Gordone, U.S. playwright who became the first African-American to win the Pulitzer Prize with the Broadway production of his gritty barroom drama No Place to Be Somebody born
The artificial respirator, called usually an iron lung, was first demonstrated in a Boston hospital.
Blues singer Nappy Brown born
sugar and the enzyme action involved. born
Comedian-activist Dick Gregory born
Bank robber John Dillinger escaped from a jail in Allen County, Ohio, with the help of his gang, who killed the sheriff.
Alcatraz becomes a federal prison (unofficially).
Richard (Alan) Meier, U.S. architect noted for his refinements of and variations on classic Modernist principles born
Singer Sam Moore (formerly of Sam and Dave) born
Sportscaster Tony Kubek born
Melvin Franklin, U.S. bass singer with the Temptations. born
During World War Two, Attorney General Francis Biddle announced that Italian nationals in the United States would no longer be considered enemy aliens.
President Truman awarded a medal of honor to Desmond T. Doss for his valor as a medical corpsman on Okinawa. Doss was the first conscientious objector so honored.
T-V reporter Chris Wallace born
Eugenie Anderson becomes the first woman U.S. ambassador.
Actress-singer Susan Anton born
Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev removed one of his shoes and pounded it on his desk during a speech before the United Nations.
Rhythm-and-blues singer Claude McKnight (Take 6) born
The Soviet Union launched a "Voskhod" space capsule with a three-man crew on the first manned mission involving more than one crew member.
Rhythm-and-blues singer Garfield Bright (Shai) born
Country musician Martie Seidel (Dixie Chicks) born
President Richard Nixon announces the pullout of 40,000 more American troops in Vietnam by Christmas.
The rock opera "Jesus Christ Superstar" opened at the Mark Hellinger Theatre on Broadway.
The House of Representatives passes the Equal Rights Amendment 354-23.
President Nixon nominated House Minority Leader Gerald Ford for the vice presidency to replace Spiro Agnew, who had resigned in disgrace two days earlier.
Barbara Mandrell walked away with the Country Music Association's Entertainer of the Year honor, for the second year in a row.
Maytag was the last company to make hand-operated washers. The last Maytag wringer-washer was made this day.
The superpower meeting in Reykjavik, Iceland, ended in stalemate, with President Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev unable to agree on arms control or a date for a full-fledged summit in the United States.
In Houston, Vice President George Bush formally launched his quest for the Republican presidential nomination. Former Kansas Governor Alfred ("Alf") M. Landon died at his Topeka home at age 100.
Federal prosecutors announced that Sundstrand Corporation had agreed to plead guilty to fraud charges and pay a $115 million settlement for overbilling the Pentagon for airplane parts over five years.
The House approved a statutory federal ban on desecration of the American flag. (The Senate defeated the measure a week later.)
The Cincinnati Reds won the National League pennant, defeating the Pittsburgh Pirates, 2-1.
The U.N. Security Council voted unanimously to condemn Israel's security forces for killing 17 Palestinian demonstrators on the Temple Mount.
Testifying for a second day on sexual harassment charges leveled by law professor Anita Hill, Supreme Court nominee Clarence Thomas told the Senate Judiciary Committee he'd "rather die than withdraw," and repeated his denial of Hill's allegations.
Several hundred people were killed when an earthquake struck Cairo, Egypt.
The Toronto Blue Jays won their second straight American League pennant, defeating the Chicago White Sox in six games.
Hundreds of militant right-wingers in Haiti cheered as an American warship retreated in a major setback for the United Nations mission to restore democracy.
Panama granted political asylum to ousted Haitian military leader Raoul Cedras. The Magellan space probe ended its four-year mapping mission of Venus, plunging into the planet's atmosphere.
After a 48-hour delay, the U.S.-brokered cease-fire in Bosnia-Herzegovina went into effect.
President Clinton signed into law the Water Resources Development Act, which authorized federal water projects across the country.
Thousands of Hispanic-Americans marched in Washington to push for simplified citizenship procedures and a seven-dollar minimum wage.
President Clinton opened his first trip to South America as he arrived in Venezuela.
Singer John Denver was killed in the crash of his privately built aircraft in Monterey Bay, California; he was 53.
Matthew Shepard, a gay student at the University of Wyoming, died five days after he was beaten and lashed to a fence; two men were charged with his murder. Russell Henderson later pleaded guilty to murder and kidnapping. A second suspect, Aaron McKinney, was sentenced to two consecutive life terms without the possibility of parole.
Three Americans won the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine for blood vessel research.
NBA Hall of Famer Wilt "The Stilt" Chamberlain died at his Los Angeles home at age 63.
Pakistan's military overthrew the democratically elected government of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif.
Ahmed H. Zewail of the California Institute of Technology won the Nobel Prize for chemistry; Dutch scientists Gerardus 't Hooft and Martinus J.G. Veltman won the Nobel Prize for physics.
African Union hostages freed by Darfur rebels
Thai PM sues newspaper for 500 million baht
Yahoo launches new Podcast Search
EBay buys VeriSign payment service division
Bali nine lawyer challenges police on legality of drug case
Bad weather makes life tougher for quake survivors
Australian senator Barnaby Joyce crosses floor
Syrian Interior Minister dead from apparent suicide
Microsoft and Yahoo team up to make IM clients compatible
US Homeland Security Department doubts credibility of New York subway threat
China successfully launches Shenzhou VI manned rocket
Constitution changes do not convince most Sunni parties
Singapore Exam Board sets mathematically impossible question
Heating bills, oil price rise predicted
Barbra Streisand heckled during concert
Blunkett: Brown supported Iraq war to save job
Canadian Liberal Leadership frontrunner, Ignatieff, refused to attend debate in Toronto
"Corrupt" New Zealand government to repay $768,000
Dove's Real Beauty looks at photoshoot techniques in commercial
Trial of New Zealand teacher murderer still months away
Delhi Police question South African cricketer Herschelle Gibbs over match-fixing scandal in 2000
Former U.S. President Gerald Ford hospitalized
French parliament approves bill on Armenian Genocide denial
US court indicts man for treason
Al Gore and Climate Panel awarded Nobel Peace prize 2007
Augusten Burroughs on addiction, writing, his family and his new book
Creationism dangerous in education: Council of Europe resolution
Turkey outraged over U.S. Armenian genocide resolution
Book Fair 2.0; On bloggers, ebooks and pirates
Kordia's annual report shows increase in profit
Violence increases as Darfur peace talks approach
TaiwanRFID shows the applications at the exhibition and seminar
Florida officials investigating controversial MMA fight
Zanu-PF attempts to reassign Zimbabwean ministries, MDC angered
Bush deploys military in the US for active duty as federal response force
British FTSE index reaches one-year high, other European markets rise
Chinese court sentences six to death for Xinjiang riots
Greeceâs newly elected Prime Minister pays first foreign visit to Turkey
Irish priest seized by gunmen in the Philippines
Denver win USAFL National Championship
Minor tears found in Gordon Brown's retina
Leader of Indian BJP party visits Navi Mumbai to support candidates for general election
3,000 protest plan to construct skyscraper in St Petersburg, Russia
Body found in Auckland, New Zealand drain
41 killed by suicide bombing near Pakistan's Swat valley
Swedish man uses webcam to broadcast suicide live on internet
HabertÃ¼rk media sparks outrage over womanâs murder photo in Turkey
USA raises tariffs on inexpensive Chinese solar panels