The Vandals, led by King Gaiseric, take Carthage in North Africa.
Election of Deusdedit as Pope
Death of St. John of Rila
King John of England dies at Newark and is succeeded by his nine-year-old son Henry.
William Marshal made Regent of England
Frederick III chosen King of Germany
The Ottoman Sultan Murat II defeats Hungarian General Janos Hunyadi at Kosovo, Serbia.
End of the Hundred Years' War
The peace of Torun ends the war between the Teutonic knights and their own disaffected subjects in Prussia.
George Abbot, Archbishop of Canterbury born
English physician and scholar Sir Thomas Browne Author of "The Anatomy of Melancholy." He died on his 78th birthday. born
England declares war on Spain over borderlines in Florida. The War is known as the War of Jenkins Ear because the Spanish coast guards cut off the ear of British seaman Robert Jenkins.
Jonathan Swift, feeble and insane, died. His servants allowed the public to pull souvenir hairs from his head.
Martha Jefferson (Wayles) (Wife of 3rd U.S. President Thomas Jefferson, she died 18 years before he became president) born
The Stamp Act Congress, meeting in New York, drew up a declaration of rights and liberties.
Major General Lord Charles Cornwallis surrenders to George Washington and Count de Rochambeau at Yorktown, Va. Cornwallis surrendered 7,157 troops, including sick and wounded, and 840 sailors, along with 244 artillery pieces. Losses in this battle had been light on both sides. This effectively ended the American War of Independence.
Abolitionist Cassius Marcellus Clay born
Napoleon Bonaparte begins his retreat from Moscow.
Tom Taylor, British playwright whose play Our American Cousin was being performed at Ford's Theater when President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated by John Wilkes Boothe born
A turning point for Wagner. "Tanhausser" was performed in Dresden under his baton and nobody liked the ending. Wagner, taken aback by this but in no mood to change a note, resolved to write articles to explain his art and convert people to it.
Confederate General Jubal A. Early attacked Union forces at Cedar Creek, Virginia; the Union troops were able to rally and defeat the Confederates.
Yale, Princeton, Columbia and Rutgers universities drafted the first code of football rules.
Charles Merrill (stock company mogul born
Historian and city planner Lewis Mumford born
Guatemalan author and diplomat Miguel de Asturias. He won the Nobel Prize for literature in 1967, his novel Viento fuerte cited as drawing heavily on Native American traditions. born
A Liverpool audience became the first to hear Elgar's "Pomp and Circumstance" march. Elgar actually wrote several marches under that title, and the first two were premiered on this date.
Robert Beatty (actor Captain Horatio Hornblower, Against the Wind) born
George Cates (musician Leaves [w/Steve Allen]; musical director of Lawrence Welk Show for 25 years) born
The U.S. Post Office began using automobiles to pick up and deliver mail.
The United States recognizes General Venustiano Carranza as the president of Mexico, and imposes an embargo on the shipment of arms to all Mexican territories except those controlled by Carranza.
The first doughnut is fried by Salvation Army volunteer women for American troops in France during World War I.
Former ambassador to Russia Robert S. Strauss born
Actress LaWanda Page (actress School) born
Columnist Jack Anderson (columnist commentator: Mutual, USA Radio Network; author: Stormin' Norman, Japan Conspiracy) born
English spy novelist John Le Carre, whose real name is David Cornwell (author: The Russia House, A Small Town in Germany, The Spy Who Came in from the Cold, The Night Manager) born
Robert Reed (actor Bradys, The Defenders, Mannix, Nurse, Rich Man, Poor Man-Book I, Roots, The Runaways) born
Artist Peter Max (Finkelstein) (pop artist best-selling poster; designer: postage stamp: Expo '74; 1982 World's Fair official artist) born
Actor Michael Gambon born
Sandy Alomar (baseball Year ) born
The Navy announced that black women would be allowed into Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service (the WAVES).
National Organization for Women President Patricia Ireland born
Singer Jeannie C. Riley(Stephenson) (Grammy Award-winning singer: Harper Valley P.T.A. ; Country Girl, The Girl Most Likely, There Never was a Time, Oh Singer, Good Enough to be Your Wife) born
The People's Republic of China formally proclaimed.
United Nations forces entered the North Korean capital of Pyongyang.
President Truman signed an act formally ending the state of war with Germany.
Talk show host Charlie Chase born
Egypt and Britain conclude a pact on the Suez Canal, ending 72 years of British military occupation. Britain agrees to withdraw its 80,000-man force within 20 months, and Egypt agrees to maintain freedom of canal navigation.
Nino DeFranco (singer It's a Lovebeat) born
Rock singer-musician Karl Wallinger (World Party) born
Singer Jennifer Holliday born
Canada and the United States agree to undertake a joint Columbia River project to provide hydroelectric power and flood control.
Evander Holyfield (boxing born
Rock singer-musician Todd Park Mohr (Big Head Todd and the Monsters) born
Amy Carter (First Daughter Jimmy and Roselyn Carter) born
Rock singer Pras Michel (The Fugees) born
President Richard Nixon rejects an Appeals Court demand to turn over the Watergate tapes.
Actor Omar Gooding ("Smart Guy," "Hangin' with Mr. Cooper") born
The body of West German industrialist Hanns Martin Schleyer, who had been kidnapped by left-wing extremists, was found in the trunk of a car in Mulhouse, France.
The supersonic "Concorde" made its first landing in New York City.
Actor Benjamin Salisbury ("The Nanny") born
Car maker John DeLorean was arrested in Los Angeles and charged in a $24 million cocaine scheme aimed at salvaging his bankrupt sports car company. He was tried and acquitted.
US warships destroyed two Iranian oil platforms in the Persian Gulf in retaliation for an Iranian missile attack on a US-flagged tanker off Kuwait.
The stock market crashed as the Dow Jones Industrial Average, amid frenzied selling, plunged 508 points -- its biggest-ever one-day decline.
Three West Germans were named winners of the Nobel Prize in chemistry; three Americans received the Nobel Prize in physics.
The Los Angeles Dodgers defeated the Oakland A's, 4-to-3, in game four of the World Series.
Eight Israeli soldiers were killed in a suicide car bomb attack in south Lebanon.
The Guildford Four, convicted for the 1975 IRA bombings of public houses in Guildford and Woolwich, England, are cleared of all charges after fourteen years in prison.
Spanish author Camilo Jose Cela was named the recipient of the Nobel Prize for literature.
The Senate rejected a proposed constitutional amendment barring desecration of the American flag.
Iraq ordered all foreigners in occupied Kuwait to report to authorities or face punishment.
The Supreme Soviet voted to approve President Mikhail S. Gorbachev's economic reform plan.
The Cincinnati Reds beat the Oakland A's 8-3, taking a 3-0 lead in the World Series.
President Bush, Democrat Bill Clinton and independent Ross Perot met in their third and final campaign debate, in East Lansing, Michigan.
US intercepted its first ship bound for Haiti since an oil and weapons embargo was reimposed by United Nations.
Benazir Bhutto was returned to the premiership of Pakistan.
The Toronto Blue Jays took a two-games-to-one lead in the World Series by defeating the Philadelphia Phillies, 10-to-3.
Twenty-two people were killed as a terrorist bomb shattered a bus in the heart of Tel Aviv's shopping district. Entertainer Martha Raye died in Los Angeles at age 78.
Ignoring a veto threat, the House passed a Republican plan for overhauling Medicare by raising premiums for the elderly and disabled and saving billions from hospital and doctor fees.
President Clinton said in his radio address that states would lose a percentage of federal highway aid if they did not bar young people from drinking and driving.
the Republican radio address, Bob Dole claimed credit for putting Democrats on the defensive over their acceptance of foreign political contributions.
Special US envoy Dennis Ross arrived in Israel for another round of meetings in an effort to push the Mideast peace process forward.
The Cleveland Indians defeated the Florida Marlins, 6-to-1, in game two of the World Series, evening the series at one game apiece.
In Miami, the first class-action lawsuit brought by smokers against the tobacco industry went to trial. (Jurors later found the nation's largest cigarette makers and industry groups had produced a defective and deadly product.)
Israel suspended negotiations with the Palestinians on issues other than security after a bloody attack at an Israeli bus stop.
Government lawyers opened their antitrust case against Microsoft Corporation.
Legislation to overhaul the nation's campaign finance laws fell to a filibuster by Senate Republicans for the fourth straight year.
The Atlanta Braves won the National League pennant by beating the New York Mets, 10-9, in Game Six of their championship series.
U.S. isolated in opposition to cultural diversity treaty
Google changes Gmail to Google Mail in the UK
Australian "terror laws" face backlash
Irish Guardian journalist reported missing in Iraq
Hurricane Wilma becomes stronger on its path toward Florida
China and Europe face new avian flu outbreaks
Hurricane Wilma still a Category 5 Threat
Colombian Constitutional Court passes presidential re-election
Winners of New Zealand Music Awards announced
US declares vital interest in space
Engineers develop robotic microhand
Indian fighter aircraft crashes in West Bengal, pilots eject safely
American city officials warned about dirty bomb threat
Interview with Dalbir S. Kathuria, Regional Council candidate for Wards 9 & 10 in Brampton, Canada
New Zealand Post introduces redirection and hold fees
YouTube announced the release of Taiwan Traditional Chinese website
Blast kills 8, injures 126 at a mall in Manila, The Philippines
Two-horse race likely for leadership of UK Liberal Democrats
Ben Cousins sacked by West Coast in AFL drug scandal
One person dead after a plane crash near Vancouver
Quality, innovation and competitiveness centre-stage at Taipei Int'l Hardware & DIY Show
At least 31 dead and 35 missing after loss of Indonesian passenger ferry
Australia Votes 2007: Labor releases tax plan
NASA mission to map the boundary of solar system
China's Premier recognises government responsibility in milk incident
Lewis Hamilton wins Chinese Grand Prix
Iran uranium talks "off to a good start"
Zimababwe Zanu-PF party dismisses Tsvangirai unity boycott
Israel cabinet rejects UN war crimes report
Listening to you at last: EU plans to tap cell phones
Whitney Houston has 'wardrobe malfunction' during UK debut on TV show 'X Factor'
US free speech lawyer Marc Randazza discusses Glenn Beck parody
EU observers: up to one fourth of votes in Afghan election suspicious
Kidnappers release two aid workers in Darfur, Sudan after more than 100 days
Pakistani military launches ground offensive against Taliban and al-Qaeda
Mark Webber wins Brazilian Grand Prix, Jenson Button and Brawn win championship
Insurgent attack in South Thailand injures 24
Indonesia investigates video showing apparent security forces torture
Kenya troops enter Somalia after kidnappings
Occupation in London enters fifth day
Jailed Swedish journalists tried as terrorists
Exclusive: 'The Scientology Reformation' author examines Tom Cruise and David Miscavige
Obama and Romney battle in second U.S. presidential debate