Death of St. Marcellus the Centurion
The seventh crusade ends by the treaty of Barbary.
8th & last Crusade is launched
Edward, King of England, signs a truce and abandons his invasion of Scotland
Christopher Columbus, discoverer of America (uncertain date) born
King Henry VII created the Yeoman of the Guard, the "Beefeaters"
Lutheranisim becomes the official religion of Denmark
Anna Kleiss burned for witchcraft
Death of St. Alphonsus Rodriguez
In a court case, the members of the Society of Friends were first called Quakers because of the admonition of their founder George Fox to "quake and tremble at the word of God."
John Adams, second president of the United States born
Playright Richard Sheridan (The Critic, School for Scandal, The Rivals) born
Simon Bolivar established the independent government of Venezuela.
The "Unfinished" was begun. Franz Schubert completed two movements of the B minor symphony and made sketches for a scherzo. But he never completed it, apparently because he was having something of a nervous collapse after discovering he had syphilis.
Beethoven finished the new finale of his Opus 135 quartet. He wrote on the score, "Must it be? It must be," a phrase that listeners say they can hear in the music.
French Impressionist painter Alfred Sisley born
French poet Paul Valery born
English philosopher H.A. Prichard born
Poet Ezra Pound (Hugh Selwyn Mauberly, The Pisan Cantos) born
Southern American novelist, poet, and short story writer Elizabeth Madox Roberts born
Daniel M. Cooper of Rochester, New York patented the time clock. Timecards were inserted into the machine. The time clock would then stamp the time on the card -- to record the actual time (assuming the time clock was set correctly) employees started and ended work.
Strongman Charles Atlas (Angelo Siciliano) born
German bacteriologist and pathologist Gerhard Domagk, awarded the 1939 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for his discovery (announced in 1932) of the antibacterial effects of Prontosil, the first of the sulfonamide drugs. born
American physiologist Dickinson Woodruff Richards, shared the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1956 with Werner Forssmann and Andr F. Cournand. born
Actress Ruth Gordon (Jones) (Rosemary's Baby, Every Which Way but Loose, Harold and Maude) born
Finnish-born Swedish physiologist, Ragnar Arthur Granit who was a corecipient (with George Wald and Haldan Hartline) of the Nobel Prize. born
Actress Sue Carol (Evelyn Lederer) (The Lone Star Ranger, Walking Back, Captain Swagger) born
John Sherman, Vice-President of the United States, died in office. Also, he had been nominated by the Republicans for a second term. But his death came before the General Election. The republican National Committee named Nicholas Murray Butler to be the candidate.
Actress Ruth Hussey (O'Rourke) (Stars and Stripes Forever, Northwest Passage, The Philadelphia Story, Madame X, Another Thin Man) born
Broadcast journalist Fred Friendly born
Turkey signs an armistice with the Allies, agreeing to end hostilities at noon October 31.
Mussolini sends his black shirts into Rome. The Fascist takeover is almost without bloodshed. The next day, Mussolini is made prime minister.
John Baird used a tea chest, a biscuit box, darning needles, piano wire, motorcycle lamp lenses, old electric motors, cardboard scanning discs and glue, string and sealing wax to build the TV transmitter that beamed TV to London for the 1st time.
American microbiologist, Daniel Nathans corecipient with Hamilton Othanel Smith of the United States and Werner Arber of Switzerland of the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1978. born
It was announced that John D. Rockefeller was buying sound, common stocks to help stem the massive sell-off going on at the New York Stock Exchange. It didn't help. More than 10.7 million shares had been dumped the previous day and the market was in a free fall.
Director Louis Malle (Pretty Baby, Atlantic City, Aurevoir Les Enfants, Goodbye Children, Crackers, The Fire Within) born
Movie director Claude Lelouch born
Orson Welles triggered a national panic with a realistic radio dramatization of a Martian invasion, based on H.G. Wells' "War of the Worlds."
Rock singer Grace Slick born
Songwriter Eddie Holland part of the writing team Holland-Dozier-Holland (Where Did Our Love Go, Baby Love, Stop! In the Name of Love, I Hear a Symphony, You Keep Me Hangin' On, Reach Out, I'll Be There) born
Singer Grace Slick (Wing) (with the group Airplane, Jefferson Starship, Starship: Somebody to Love, White Rabbit, Rejoice, Miracles, Count on Me, Runaway, We Built this City, Sara) born
More than a month before the United States entered World War II, an American destroyer, the Reuben James, was torpedoed and sunk by a German submarine.
The Martha Graham ballet "Appalachian Spring," with music by Aaron Copland, premiered at the Library of Congress, with Graham in a leading role.
Actor, director and producer Henry Winkler born
The US government announced the end of shoe rationing.
Musician Timothy B. Schmit (The Eagles) born
Actor Harry Hamlin (L.A. Law, Studs Lonigan, Laguna Heat, Clash of the Titans, Dinner at Eight, Murder So Sweet, Under Investigation, Save Me) born
Actor Charles Martin Smith born
General George C. Marshall was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. Dr. Albert Schweitzer received the Peace Prize for 1952.
Country singer T. Graham Brown born
Due to great pressure from the Soviet government, Boris Pasternak refused the Nobel Prize for literature. His signature work is the novel Doctor Zhivago.
Rock singer Joey Belladonna (Anthrax) born
The Soviet Union tested a hydrogen bomb with a force estimated at 58 megatons.
The Soviet Party Congress unanimously approved a resolution ordering the removal of Josef Stalin's body from Lenin's tomb.
Rock singer-musician Jerry DeBorg (Jesus Jones) born
Roy Orbison went gold with his hit single, "Oh, Pretty Woman."
Rock singer-musician Gavin Rossdale (Bush) born
45 people were killed when an Illinois Central Gulf commuter train collided with another train in Chicago's South Side.
Elton John gave a command performance for the Queen of England.
Muhammad Ali knocked out George Foreman in the eighth round of a 15-round bout in Kinshasa, Zaire, to regain his world heavyweight title.
As dictator Francisco Franco lay near death, Prince Juan Carlos assumed power in Spain.
Country singer Kassidy Osborn (SHeDAISY) born
President Carter announced his choice of federal appeals judge Shirley Hufstedler to head the newly created Department of Education.
Barry Manilow opened at Radio City Music Hall, New York. His concerts sold out to the tune of $1.9 million dollars - besting the previous record set by Diana Ross -- by $100,000.
President Reagan announced that Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev would visit Washington the following December for a summit, during which the two leaders would sign a treaty banning intermediate-range nuclear missiles.
Responding to Republican attempts to pin the term "liberal" on him, Democrat Michael Dukakis declared on the campaign trail, "Yes, I am a liberal, in the tradition of Franklin Roosevelt, Harry Truman and John Kennedy."
The Iraqi News Agency quoted Saddam Hussein as saying Iraq was making final preparations for war, and that he expected an attack by the United States and its allies within days.
In the Persian Gulf, 10 American sailors died when a steam pipe ruptured aboard the U.S.S. Iwo Jima; in Saudi Arabia, a Marine was killed in an accident while driving in the desert.
Iran-Contra special prosecutor Lawrence E. Walsh released an excerpt of notes taken by former Defense Secretary Caspar Weinberger in January 1986 which suggested then-Vice President Bush was fully aware of the Reagan administration's arms-for-hostages deal with Iran. (Bush said despite the notes, he was not aware until December 1986 that the arrangement was an actual arms-for-hostages swap.)
Martin Fettman, America's first veterinarian in space, chopped the heads off six rats and performed the world's first animal dissections in space, aboard the shuttle "Columbia."
By a vote of 50.6 percent to 49.4 percent, Federalists prevailed over separatists in Quebec in a secession referendum.
After a four-hour trial, a Chinese court sentenced pro-democracy activist Wang Dan to eleven years in prison for "conspiring to subvert the Chinese government."
Confronting some of his harshest critics, Chinese President Jiang Zemin defended his country's human rights record before members of Congress.
Movie director Samuel Fuller died in Hollywood at age 86.
A jury in Cambridge, Massachusetts, convicted British au pair Louise Woodward of second-degree murder in the death of eight-month-old Matthew Eappen. (The judge, Hiller B. Zobel, later reduced the verdict to manslaughter and set Woodward free.)
In Nicaragua, a mudslide caused by Hurricane Mitch killed at least 2,000 people on the slopes of the Casitas volcano in Posoltega.
Fifty-five people were killed in a fire at an illegal bar in Inchon, South Korea.
Cuban funds tied to Lula campaign, Brazilian magazine alleges
Opposing a nuclear waste dump in the Northern Territory
World Bank continues its support of Moldovan private sector development
Moldova State University student to represent Moldova at world cyber games in Singapore
Russian peacekeepers will not leave Transdniestria, official says
Explosions rock New Delhi marketplace
Winner of New Zealand Idol announced
Brown promises Britain will lead world in fight against climate change
Death sentence to Santosh Singh in Priyadarshini Mattoo case
Wikimedia chair Jimmy Wales steps down
Concerns arise about the new, synthetic NBA ball
Voting ends in landmark Congo election
Lula re-elected as President of Brazil
Sokoto mourns after plane crash that killed Sultan
UK Foreign Secretary Beckett breaks ranks over Trident
Interview with Bill Bousfield, Regional Council candidate for Wards 1 & 5 in Brampton, Canada
Bombay Stock Exchange Sensex crosses 13,000 mark in morning trade
Wal-Mart cuts ties with PR consultant over controversial Republican TV ad
Shoplifting mother leaves son at scene of crime
Bush announces Medal of Freedom winners
Wikipedia making bread in China? Not so, but close
International Space Station's solar panel damaged
Rugby player Bryan Habana tackled by fan
ACLU President Strossen on religion, drugs, guns and impeaching George Bush
Dollar reaches record low after US consumer confidence and home prices fall
Germany to host 2011 FIFA Women's World Cup
Nine French nationals face kidnapping charges in Chad
Syria files UN Security Council complaint after US raid
David Tennant announces exit from Doctor Who
Nine missing after US Coast Guard plane and Navy helicopter collide
Chris Hughton appointed permanent manager of Newcastle United
Mike Ashley takes Newcastle United off the market for a second time
Nokia files lawsuit against Apple
Typhoon Mirinae heads towards the Philippines
English actor Norman Painting dies at age 85
Strong earthquake hits northern Pakistan
Canadian folk singer attacked and killed by coyotes in Nova Scotia
Attack on UN guesthouse by Taliban in Afghanistan kills nine
Vigil for hate victims takes place in London
US president Obama honors soldiers killed in Afghanistan
UK court jails man for trolling online tribute pages
Final launch of Space Shuttle Discovery delayed another day
First Prime Minister of Greenland Jonathan Motzfeldt dies at age 72
Qantas grounds all flights in labour dispute