Romulus Augustulus, last Western Roman Emperor, elevated to the throne
Ferdinand I, King of Portugal born
Wladislaus III, King of Poland born
Michaelangelo's Sistine Chapel shown
Martin Luther posted the 95 Theses on the door of the Wittenberg Palace church, marking the start of the Protestant Reformation in Germany.
A crowd of 30-thousand people showed up at St. Peter's Basillica in Vatican City to hear the organist Frescobaldi.
John Evelyn, English diarist, a founder of the Royal Society born
Dutch painter Jan Vermeer, the finest of the Flemish domestic painters. born
English poet John Keats (On First Looking into Chapman's Homer, Endymion: "A thing of beauty is a joy forever.", On a Grecian Urn, To a Nightingale, On Melancholy, To Autumn) born
Congress ratifies the purchase of the entire Louisiana area in North America, which added territory to the United States for 13 subsequent states.
A mob of about 200 attacks a Mormon camp in Missouri, killing 20 men, women and children.
Girl Scout Founder Juliette Low born
Nevada was admitted to the Union as the 36th state.
Postmaster General Alexander Williams Randall approved a standard uniform for postal carriers.
Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek, the first leader of Nationalist China born
Actress and singer Ethel Waters (Beulah, A Member of the Wedding, Cabin in the Sky, Pinky, Mamba's Daughters, At Home Abroad, Thousands Cheer) born
The Boston Herald said of this day, on Richard Strauss's Also Sprach Zarathustra, "This work is unhealthy. It suffers severely from basstubaculosis."
The Cleveland Theatre in Chicago welcomed the youngest member of the Barrymore family to the acting fold. Young John Barrymore made his stage debut in "Magda."
Actress-singer Dale Evans (Frances Butts) born
In the worst global epidemic of the century, influenza has been spreading around the world since May. Before it ends in 1919 it will kill 20 million people--about twice as many as World War I.
Former Attorney General Griffin Bell born
Popular mystery writer Dick Francis, who mainly writes books connected with horse racing born
Actress Barbara Bel Geddes (Dallas, Vertigo, I Remember Mama) born
Cambodian King Norodom Sihanouk born
Musician Illinois (Battiste) Jacquet (tenor saxophone Flyin' Home, I Didn't Know about You; played with Lionel Hampton, Cab Calloway, Count Basie) born
Magician Harry Houdini died in Detroit of gangrene and peritonitis resulting from a ruptured appendix.
Musician, singer, pianist, record producer Anita Kerr (The Anita Kerr Singers) born
Performer Lee Grant (Lyova Rosenthal) (Shampoo, Peyton Place, Fay, Backstairs at the White House, Citizen Cohen, Little Miss Marker, Airport '77, Voyage of the Damned, Valley of the Dolls, Mod Squad, In the Heat of the Night, The Balcony, The Detective Story) born
Movie critic Andrew Sarris born
Colorado Governor Roy Romer born
In a rare recording, William 'Count' Basie sang with Bennie Moten's Orchestra, "Somebody Stole My Gal" -- on Victor Records.
Former astronaut Michael Collins born
CBS anchorman Dan Rather born
Prokofiev's 5th piano concerto premiered in Berlin.
Michael Landon (Eugene Orowitz) (Bonanza, Sam's Son, The Loneliest Runner, I was a Teenage Werewolf, God's Little Acre, Little House on the Prairie, Highway to Heaven) born
Folk singer Tom Paxton (I Can't Help but Wonder Where I'm Bound, The Last Thing on My Mind, Goin' to the Zoo, The Willing Conscript, Lyndon Johnson Told the Nation, Leaving London, All the Way Home, Is This Anyway to Run an Airline, Talking Vietnam Pot-Luck Blues, Forest Lawn) born
Singer Otis Williams (with the group Can't Get Next to You, Cloud Nine, Runaway Child, Running Wild, Just My Imagination, Papa was a Rolling Stone, Masquerade) some sources place his birthday as October 30, 1942. born
One of the great wartime radio shows premiered, as CBS debuted "Thanks to the Yanks". The show, starring Bob Hawk, became one of the most popular of the wartime programs.
Actor David Ogden Stiers (Major Winchester on MASH) born
Actress Sally Kirkland born
Singer Kinky Friedman born
Olympic Hall of Famer in Track Frank Shorter born
Actress Deidre Hall (Our House, Days of Our Lives) born
John Candy comedian (Second City, The Blues Brothers, Home Alone, JFK, Little Shop of Horrors, National Lampoon's Vacation, Planes, Trains and Automobiles, Spaceballs, Stripes, Uncle Buck, Who's Harry Crumb?; Emmy Award-winning writer: SCTV Network) born
NBC anchorwoman Jane Pauley born
Actress Lynda Goodfriend (Who's Watching the Kids, Happy Days, Blansky's Beauties) born
The United States explodes the first hydrogen bomb at Eniwetok Atoll in the Pacific.
Singer-songwriter Johnny Clegg born
NBC televised "Carmen" on "Opera Theatre" -- in living color. It was the first major opera televised in anything other than black and white.
Britain's Princess Margaret ended weeks of speculation by announcing she would not marry Royal Air Force Captain Peter Townsend.
Rear Admiral G.J. Dufek became the first person to land an airplane at the South Pole.
Rock musician Larry Mullen born
The body of Joseph Stalin was removed from public display, (in Stalin's Tomb). The longtime dictator of the former Soviet Union was reburied in a simple grave. This incident was the beginning of the USSR's "destalinization policy."
Actor Dermot Mulroney born
Rock musician Mikkey Dee (Motorhead) born
Mirhir Sen, of Calcutta, India, swam the length of the Panama Canal. Previously, the distance swimmer had conquered the Palk Strait from India to Ceylon, the Straits of Gibraltar and the Dardanelles.
Nguyen Van Thieu took the oath of office as the first president of South Vietnam's second republic.
Songwriter Adam Schlesinger ("That Thing You Do!") born
President Johnson ordered a halt to all US bombing of North Vietnam, saying he hoped for fruitful peace negotiations.
Rap performer Vanilla Ice (Robert Van Winkle) born
Rock singer Linn Berggren (Ace of Base) born
Saigon begins the release of 1,938 Hanoi POW's.
Actor Eddie Kaye Thomas ("American Pie") born
Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was assassinated near her residence by two Sikh security guards. Her son, Rajiv, succeeded her.
For the first time, Universal Studios in Hollywood opened at night. The plan was to give fans a Halloween scare. The night included Dracula, the Mummy, King Kong, the Creature from the Black Lagoon, and the Wolfman.
Noburo Takeshita, leader of Japan's Liberal Democratic Party, was elected party president in his first official step toward replacing Prime Minister Yasuhiro Nakasone.
In Lebanon, the kidnappers of American hostage Terry Anderson released a videotape in which the Associated Press correspondent accused the Reagan administration of blocking his release.
President Bush announced he and Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev would hold a summit aboard ships in the Mediterranean near Malta in early December.
During a campaign swing in suburban Washington, President Bush said "I have had it" with the way Iraq was treating American diplomats and hostages, but added he had no timetable for deciding on a possible military strike.
It was announced that five American nuns in Liberia had been shot to death near the capital Monrovia; the killings were blamed on rebels loyal to Charles Taylor.
Hollywood star River Phoenix died.
Movie director Federico Fellini died in Rome at age 73.
68 people were killed when an American Eagle ATR-72, en route from Indianapolis to Chicago, crashed in northern Indiana.
Stung by defeat in the secession referendum, Quebec Premier Jacques Parizeau said he would resign as head of the bitterly divided province at year's end.
Also in Pontiac, Jenny Jones testified at the trial of one of her talk show guests, Jonathan Schmitz, who was accused of killing another guest, Scott Amedure.
A Brazilian Fokker-100 jetliner crashed in Sao Paulo, killing all 96 people on board and three on the ground.
Pontiac, Michigan, Dr. Jack Kevorkian was charged with assisting three suicides since June 1996 (he was later acquitted).
British au pair Louise Woodward received a mandatory life sentence, a day after a jury in Cambridge, Massachusetts, convicted her of second-degree murder in the death of eight-month-old Matthew Eappen. (The verdict was later reduced to manslaughter, and Woodward was set free.)
Chinese President Jiang Zemin rang the bell at the New York Stock Exchange to open the day's trading.
A genetic study was released suggesting President Thomas Jefferson did in fact father at least one child by his slave Sally Hemings.
Iraq announced it would cut off all dealings with UN weapons inspectors, a move condemned by the Security Council.
EgyptAir Flight 990 crashed off the Massachusetts coast, killing all 217 people aboard.
Bush narrows choice to Supreme Court
Bush nominates Alito to U.S. Supreme Court
Hurricane Beta makes landfall in Nicaragua
UN calls for further Syrian cooperation
Canadian Immigration Minister outlines plan for application backlog, job vacancies
Kansas School Board has copyright withheld over teaching Intelligent Design
IBM partners with Google to produce a corporate desktop search program
Reactions to review of economic implications of climate change
New Zealand police lose criminal at Heathrow Airport
Lyricist Javed Akhtar awarded Indira Gandhi Prize
Reserve Bank of India hikes repo rate, keeps most key interest rates stable
South African rail police pilot successful, to be implemented nation wide
North Korea returns to six-party talks
Three day traders' strike in New Delhi
Ontario Provincial Police: Caledonia land dispute is top priority
In a Show of Force Mexican Federal Forces Remove Oaxacan Protesters from Oaxaca City centre
Continuing controversy surrounds German mission to Middle East
China dissaproves of Dalai Lama's meeting with Canada's PM
Minnesota Governor opposes state funds to Iran-tied company
Halloween events banned at Moscow schools
Canadian government announces major tax reductions
Thevar centenary celebrations begin amidst tight security arrangements
Crude oil passes US$94.00 a barrel; sets new all-time record high
Judge delivers verdicts in 2004 Madrid train bombing trial
Britain's top traffic cop faces driving ban
5.6 earthquake strikes California
North American Daylight Saving Time to end on November 4
Two Lordi fans mugged while manager and bodyguard were shot at in Louisville, US
DFB-Pokal 2007â€“08: Bayern Munich vs. Borussia MÃ¶nchengladbach
World champion Boston Red Sox hold "rolling rally"; many more could be on the way
Former U.S. President Clinton stumps for Obama, Franken in Minneapolis
Synchronised bombings strike Indian state of Assam
Sprint Nextel depeers from Cogent Communications
Iraqi officials arrest over 60 in connection with recent bombings
Afghan presidential candidate Abdullah may boycott runoff election
England rail users highlight Teesside Airport 'ghost station'
Ukraine closes schools after reports of swine flu deaths
Denmark holds nationwide light show to mark digital switchover
Former French president Jacques Chirac to stand trial on embezzlement charges
Bomb blast kills seven in northwest Pakistan
Indian Air Force chopper crashes in Jammu and Kashmir
Man jailed for manslaughter of wife in Hampshire, England
St Louis Cardinals win baseball's World Series
Metropolitan Police to sell New Scotland Yard