Heraclius attacks Constantinople with his fleet
Death of Henry III "the Black," Holy Roman Emperor
Death of Philip III, "the Bold," King of France
England joins the "Holy League" against France
First Parliament of (Bloody) Mary Tudor, Queen of England convened.
A bounty of 100 pounds of tobacco was offered in the Virginia Colony for evidence of having killed a wolf.
Jonathan Edwards, grandfather of Aaron Burr and the New England preacher of a famous sermon in American history, "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God." born
French philosopher Denis Diderot born
Chevalier d'Eon, French spy who conducted missions for his country disguised as a woman. He was a brilliant fencer. He was fatally wounded in 1810 while giving a fencing exhibition in London. It was not until after an autopsy that it was discovered that "she" was a "he." born
Opera, as we know it today, began when Gluck conducted the premiere of "Orfeo et Euridice."
The British fleet bombards and captures Spanish-held Manila in the Philippines.
The French marched on Versailles to dethrone the monarchy. They sang a revolutionary song written for the occasion by a musician in the King's own opera orchestra.
The Battle of the Thames was fought in Upper Canada during the War of 1812. The British troops were soundly defeated, and their Indian ally, Tecumseh, was killed.
Greek rebels capture Tripolitza, the main Turkish fort in the Pelponnese area of Greece.
Chester A. Arthur in Fairfield, Vermont. He was the 21st president of the United States. born
English poet and art historian John Addington Symonds born
At the Battle of Allatoona, a small Union post is saved from Lt. Gen. John Bell Hood's army.
"From where the sun now stands, I will fight no more forever." With those words, Chief Joseph and the Nez Perce Indians surrendered to the U.S. Cavalry at Bear's Paw, Chinook, Montana, after a 1,700-mile trek to reach Canada falls 40 miles short.
Jacques Offenbach, French composer, dies.
American rocket pioneer Robert Goddard in Worcester, Massachusetts. He is known as the "Father of the Space Age," and possessed over 200 rocketry patents. born
Outlaw Frank James surrenders in Missouri six months after brother Jesse's assassination.
The Dalton Gang, notorious for its train robberies, was practically wiped out while attempting to rob a pair of banks in Coffeyville, Kansas.
Founder of McDonald's Ray Kroc. The one time piano player at WGN radio in Chicago, Illinois, had his start in the hamburger business by selling milkshake machines. born
Director Joshua Logan (Paint Your Wagon, Camelot, Ensign Pulver, Fanny, South Pacific, Sayonara, Bus Stop, Picnic) born
Germany apologized for the sinking earlier in the spring of the HMS Lusitania.
TV host Allen Ludden (Password, The G.E. College Bowl, Liar's Club) born
Actor Donald Pleasence (You Only Live Twice, Fantastic Voyage, Tale of Two Cities, The Adventures of Robin Hood) born
The World Series was broadcast on radio for the first time. This was not a play by play but a posting of events.
"Family Circus" cartoonist Bil Keane born
Actress Glynis Johns (Mary Poppins, The Ref, A Little Night Music, The Sundowners, Coming of Age) born
Political activist and defrocked priest Philip Berrigan born
WSM Radio in Nashville started broadcasting. One of its first programs was "WSM Barn Dance" which was renamed "Grand Ole Opry" two years later. It became the longest running radio show in history.
NASA astronaut Richard Gordon, Jr. born
Laura Ingalls was the first woman to make a transcontinental airplane flight. She flew a Moth bi-plane from New York to California, arriving four days later. She logged 30 hours and 27 minutes of flying time.
Clyde Pangborn and Hugh Herndon complete the first nonstop flight over the Pacific. Their flight, begun October 3, lasted 41 hours, 31 minutes and covered 5,000 miles. They piloted their Bellanca CH-200 monoplane from Samushiro, 300 miles north of Tokyo, Japan, to Wenatchee, Washington.
Actress Diane Cilento born
The president of the Czech Republic, Vaclav Havel. Chech dissident dramatist who became the first freely elected president of Czechoslovakia in 55 years born
Saying, "The epidemic of world lawlessness is spreading," President Roosevelt called for a "quarantine" of aggressor nations.
Country singer Johnny Duncan born
Rhythm-and-blues singer Arlene Smith (The Chantels) born
Former Supreme Court Justice Louis D. Brandeis - the first Jewish member of the nation's highest court - died in Washington at age 84.
America's 'Yankee Doodle Dandy', George M. Cohan died at age 64. Cohan was a legendary songwriter whose spirited and star-spangled tunes that lit up Broadway will be a part of Americana forever.
Singer Richard Street (formerly of The Temptations) born
Singer-musician Steve Miller born
In the first televised White House address, President Truman asked Americans to refrain from eating meat on Tuesdays and poultry on Thursdays to help stockpile grain for starving people in Europe.
Actress Karen Allen (Ghost in the Machine, Raiders of the Lost Ark, Backfire, National Lampoon's Animal House, Starman) born
Writer-producer-director Clive Barker born
After an 11-year run on ABC Radio, "Inner Sanctum", the legendary mystery series, was heard for the final time.
Earl Warren was sworn in as the 14th chief justice of the United States, succeeding Fred M. Vinson.
Rock singer and famine-relief organizer Bob Geldof. He was the organizer of Live Aid, and was nominated for the Nobel Peace prize. born
A stage adaptation of "The Diary of Anne Frank" opened at the Cort Theatre in New York.
Maya Lin, American architect who designed the Vietnam Memorial in Washington, D.C. born
The Beatles' first hit, "Love Me Do," was first released in the United Kingdom.
Auto racer Michael Andretti born
Rock singer-musician Dave Dederer (Presidents of the United States of America) born
Hockey player Mario Lemieux born
Pope Paul VI made an unprecedented 14-hour visit to New York to plead for world peace before the United Nations.
Henry Mancini received a gold record for the soundtrack LP from the movie, "The Pink Panther."
U.S. forces in Saigon receive permission to use tear gas.
A sodium cooling system malfunction causes a partial core meltdown at the Enrico Fermi demonstration breeder reactor near Detroit, Mich. Radiation was contained.
"Monty Python's Flying Circus" made its debut on BBC television.
Anwar Sadat, a colleague of Gamil Abdel Nasar succeeds as president of Egypt following Nassar's death.
Rock musician Brian Mashburn (Save Ferris) born
Actress Kate Winslet born
Sen. Frank Church, D-Idaho, charged that the CIA tried to kill Cuban President Fidel Castro during the administrations of three U.S. presidents.
Yiddish author Isaac Bashevis Singer won the Nobel Prize for literature.
Solidarity founder Lech Walesa was named winner of the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts on behalf of Polish workers.
The space shuttle Challenger, carrying a crew of five men and two women, blasted off from Cape Canaveral, Florida, on an eight-day mission.
seven Israeli tourists were killed by an Egyptian policeman who went on a shooting rampage at a Sinai beach resort. The policeman, convicted of murder, died in prison the following January, an apparent suicide.
American Eugene Hasenfus was captured by Sandinista soldiers after the weapons plane he was flying in was shot down over southern Nicaragua.
Supreme Court nominee Robert H. Bork suffered new setbacks as Senate Democratic Leader Robert Byrd and Republican senators Lowell P. Weicker Junior of Connecticut and John H. Chafee of Rhode Island declared they were opposed to his confirmation.
Republican Dan Quayle and Democrat Lloyd Bentsen clashed in the only vice-presidential debate of the 1988 campaign. (The most memorable moment of the evening was when Bentsen lambasted Quayle, who'd suggested a parallel between himself and John F. Kennedy, by telling him, "Senator, you're no Jack Kennedy.")
TV evangelist Jim Baker was convicted on all 24 counts of fraud and conspiracy for fleecing his PTL flock.
The Dalai Lama, the spiritual and temporal leader of Tibet, was named winner of the Nobel Peace Prize.
A jury in Cincinnati acquitted an art gallery and its director of obscenity charges stemming from an exhibit of sexually graphic photographs by Robert Mapplethorpe.
The U.S. House of Representatives rejected a $500 billion budget agreement forged by congressional leaders and the Bush administration.
Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev announced sweeping cuts in nuclear weapons in response to President Bush's arms reduction initiative.
Both houses of Congress voted to override President Bush's veto of a measure to re-regulate cable television companies.
Army General John Shalikashvili was confirmed by the Senate to head the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
China set off an underground nuclear blast, ignoring a plea from President Clinton not to do so.
48 people were found dead in an apparent murder-suicide carried out simultaneously in two Swiss villages by members of a secret religious doomsday cult; five other bodies were found in an apartment owned by the sect in Montreal, Canada.
Seamus Heaney of Ireland won the 1995 Nobel Prize in literature.
Bosnia's combatants agreed to a 60-day cease-fire and new talks on ending their 3 -1/2 years of battle.
Already under fire for his drug policies, President Clinton revealed that a secret FBI memorandum said the government's anti-drug strategy "had never been properly organized." Clinton argued that the problems predated his administration.
The White House released videotapes of President Clinton greeting supporters at 44 coffee klatches; Republicans seized on the tapes as proof that Clinton had raised campaign donations at the White House in violation of the law.
Michael Carneal pleaded guilty but mentally ill to shooting to death three fellow students and wounding five other people at Heath High School in West Paducah, Ky. (Carneal was later sentenced to life in prison without the chance of parole for 25 years.)
The House Judiciary Committee voted along hardened partisan lines to investigate whether President Clinton should be removed from office.
It was announced that MCI WorldCom Inc. had agreed to pay $115 billion for Sprint Corp. Two packed commuter trains collided near London's Paddington Station, killing 31 people.
Scientists recreating the 1918 flu virus say 'it came from birds'
F. Scott Fitzgerald house struck by lightning
UK cable TV operator NTL acquires Telewest
Cool front to bring lasting relief for Texas
U.S. Government ordered to release more images related to Abu Ghraib case
Jefferson to face forward on new nickel
Tom DeLay faces two new indictments for money laundering
Python pops after eating gator
Open source game Wesnoth reaches version 1.0
Wings over Houston Airshow comes to town
Seabrook city councilman takes heat for words
Broadcasters push for new layer of intellectual monopoly at WIPO
Dock worker killed by snapped cable
IRA disbands military structure
Singapore Airlines to be compensated for A380 delays
Interview with Mathew Njenga, City Council candidate for Wards 2 & 6 in Brampton, Canada
US government 'can continue' eavesdropping
First plane arrival for more than 10 years to renewed airport in Grozny, Russia
Possible eruption at Ruapehu Volcano in New Zealand
Halloween faces pumpkin shortage
Child pornography case against John Mark Karr dropped
13 hour bank robbery ends with no injuries in SetÃºbal, Portugal
Parents kidnap daughter to stop marriage in U.S.
Al-Qaeda leader in Iraq 'killed'
Sarasota doctor heading to prison
Rocket launcher found near Pakistani parliament
German trains halted by strike
Woman attempting suicide rescued by Western Bulldogs players
New Zealand police to charge sitting MP
Spain arrests entire leadership of the Basque Separatist Party: 22 detained
W.A.S.P. announce 'The Crimson Idol' 15th-anniverary world tour
Survey: Finland is the world's greenest country
Construction on massive radio telescope array to begin in 2012
Dr. Joseph Merlino on sexuality, insanity, Freud, fetishes and apathy
Ann Coulter: Take away women's votes because "women are voting so stupidly"
Oral Roberts University president accused of illegal political donations and financial misappropriation
Biohazard lab supervision an issue says US investigation
Ig Nobel Prize winners announced
Family of Chile's former leader Augusto Pinochet arrested on embezzlement charges
Ralph Nader calls out Democrats for financial bailout
Despite passage of bailout bill, two US states may need loans
Thai PAD protest leader arrested while voting
Zimbabwean unity talks fail
18 illegal Afghan and Burmese immigrants killed in truck crash in Turkey
Law firm tries to ban new book by Cambridge Press
Soldier dies as military helicopters collide in Iraq
Fannie Mae forgives mortgage debt of 90-year-old woman who shot herself
Crowd in Derbyshire, UK, encourages teenager to commit suicide
VP candidate Palin accuses Obama of terrorist links
Man uses home-made flamethrower to set relatives on fire
Greek Socialist party wins general elections
Suicide bomber at Iraqi funeral kills at least six
Rebels in Nigeria surrender weapons under amnesty
Two Chicago schools evacuated as suspicious package found
British actor and comedian Sir Norman Wisdom dies aged 95
Rare 1856 Double Eagle gold coin sells for US$345,000 in California
Australian news network under investigation over pokie reform comments
Obama, Romney spar in first U.S. presidential debate