Death of Charles III "the Simple," King of France
David II, King of Scots made prisoner at Neville's Cross
Hans Holbein the Younger, a German artist and printmaker who worked in a Northern Renaissance style best known as one of the greatest portraitists of the 16th century, born
Rodriguez Cabrillo discovers Catalina Island, off California
In the last great clash of galleys, the Ottoman navy is defeated at Lepanto, Greece, by a Christian naval coalition under the overall command of Spain's Don Juan de Austria.
William Laud Archbishop of Canterbury born
John Marston, English satirist, dramatist born
Delegates from nine of the American colonies meet in New York to discuss the Stamp Act Crisis and colonial response to it. This "Stamp Act Congress" went on to draft resolutions condemning the Stamp and Sugar Acts, trial without jury and taxation without representation as contrary to their rights as Englishmen.
The second Battle of Saratoga began during the American Revolution. (The British forces, under General John Burgoyne, surrendered ten days later.)
The Hoosier poet James Whitcomb Riley, who wrote "Li'l Orphant Annie," born
Author Edgar Allan Poe died in Baltimore, Maryland, at age 40. Never able to overcome his drinking habits, he was found in a delirious condition outside a saloon uttering "Lord, help my poor soul." He had been on a sustained drinking binge and had been drawn into a gang of derelicts who were being taken from one polling place to another in Baltimore to cast ballots.
Cornell University was inaugurated in Ithaca, New York.
Grand Ole Opry star Uncle Dave Macon born
Neils Bohr, Danish physicist who won the Nobel Prize for physics and later worked on the first atom bomb born
Henry Wallace, 33rd vice president of the United States and 1948 independent candidate for president born
Heinrich Himmler, chicken farmer who became the head of the German Gestapo in Hitler's Germany born
Andy Devine (Jeremiah Schwartz) TV cowboy sidekick born
Singer Vaughn Monroe (Racing with the Moon, Riders in the Sky, There I Go, Rum and Coca Cola, There! I've Said It Again, Let It Snow, Let It Snow! Let It Snow!, Ballerina, They were Doing the Mambo; actor: Meet the People, Carnegie Hall, Singing Guns) born
Actor Alfred Drake (Capurro) (Tony Award Kiss Me Kate, Oklahoma) born
In the most lopsided football game on record, Georgia Tech humbled Cumberland University, 222-0.
Actress June Allyson (Best Foot Forward, The Glen Miller Story, Little Women, Strategic Air Command; TV host: The Dupont Show with June Allyson; wife of actor, Dick Powell) born
Singer, actress Martha Stewart (Haworth) (Those Two) born
Actress Diana Lynn (Loehr) (Bedtime for Bonzo, The Kentuckian, The Annapolis Story, My Friend Irma, Miracle of Morgan's Creek) born
Desmond Tutu, South African Black archbishop who won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1984 born
Artie Shaw and his Orchestra recorded Hoagy Carmichael's "Stardust" for RCA Victor.
Former National Security Council aide Oliver North born
Country singer Kiernan Kane (The O'Kanes) born
The Republic of East Germany was formed.
Iva Toguri D'Aquino, better known as Tokyo Rose, is sentenced to 10 years in prison for treason. She was paroled in 1956, pardoned in 1977.
Singer John Mellencamp born
Actress Christopher Norris born
Rock musician Tico Torres (Bon Jovi) born
Marian Anderson became the first black singer hired by the Metropolitan Opera Company in New York.
Michael W. (Whitaker) Smith born
Democratic presidential candidate John F. Kennedy and Republican opponent Richard M. Nixon held the second of their broadcast debates.
Actress Judy Landers born
President Kennedy signed the documents of ratification for a nuclear test ban treaty with Britain and the Soviet Union.
Bobby Baker resigned as Senate Democratic secretary after being charged in a $300,000 civil suit for using his influence for personal monetary gains.
Rock singer-musician Thom York (Radiohead) born
The Motion Picture Association of America adopted its film-rating system, ranging from "G" for "general" audiences to "X" for adult patrons only.
Rock musician Leeroy Thornhill (Prodigy) born
Pope John Paul II concluded his week-long tour of the United States with a Mass on the Washington Mall.
Egypt's parliament named Vice President Hosni Mubarak to succeed the assassinated Anwar Sadat.
The Andrew Lloyd Webber-Tim Rice musical "Cats," featuring the popular song "Memory," opened on Broadway.
President Reagan and Democratic challenger Walter F. Mondale clashed in a debate in Louisville, Ky., with each candidate denouncing the other's proposals for dealing with the federal budget deficit.
A mud slide in Ponce, Puerto Rico, killed an estimated 500 people in the island's worst disaster this century.
Palestinian gunmen hijacke the Italian cruise ship "Achille Lauro" in the Mediterranean with more than 400 people aboard.
President Reagan met at the White House with recently freed Soviet dissident Yuri Orlov, and said afterward that a substantive improvement in Soviet human rights was crucial for a superpower summit in the United States.
President Reagan's advisory commission on AIDS was left seemingly in disarray as its chairman, Dr. W. Eugene Mayberry, and its vice-chairman, Dr. Woodrow A. Myers Junior, resigned.
The Labor Department reported the nation's unemployment rate for September 1988 fell back to July's level of five-point-four percent, after going up to five-point-six percent in August.
Hungary's Communist Party renounced Marxism in favor of democratic socialism during a party congress in Budapest.
House and Senate Democrats put together a modified budget proposal, following the failure of an earlier plan and the veto of stopgap spending legislation by President Bush.
Palestinian gunmen hijacked the Italian cruise ship Achilles Lauro in the Mediterranean with more than 400 people aboard. American hostage Leon Klinghoffer was murdered by the hijackers.
University of Oklahoma law professor Anita Hill publicly accused Supreme Court nominee Clarence Thomas of making sexually inappropriate comments in her presence when she worked for him, and urged the U.S. Senate to investigate her claims. Thomas denied Hill's allegations.
Trade representatives of the United States, Canada and Mexico initialed the North American Free Trade Agreement during a ceremony in San Antonio, Texas.
A secret military tribunal in Peru sentenced Abimael Guzman, the mastermind and top leader of the Shining Path guerrilla movement, to life in prison without parole.
President Clinton ordered more troops, heavy armor and naval firepower to Somalia, but also announced he would pull out all Americans by the end of March 1994.
Death claimed choreographer Agnes de Mille at age 88
Actor Cyril Cusack dies at age 82
President Clinton ordered Army troops on alert and dispatched an aircraft carrier to the Persian Gulf after Iraqi troops were spotted moving south toward Kuwait.
President Clinton held a news conference in which he expressed frustration over failures in his legislative agenda, blaming Republicans for "trying to stop it, slow it, kill it or just talk it to death."
A magnitude-7 earthquake struck Indonesia, killing more than 80 people.
New York's Central Park was transformed into a giant open-air cathedral as Pope John Paul II celebrated Mass before a flock of 130,000.
The Irish Republican Army detonated two car bombs inside the British army's headquarters in Northern Ireland, wounding 31 people.
The effects of a Canadian Auto Workers strike against General Motors spread across the border as 18-hundred-50 workers were laid off at two US parts plants.
Senator Fred Thompson (Republican, Tennessee), chairman of the Senate Governmental Affairs Committee investigating fund-raising abuses, accused the White House of "a clear pattern of delay, foot-dragging, concealing."
Former White House deputy chief of staff Harold Ickes defended using the White House to raise Democratic money, telling the committee, "We played by the rules."
Matthew Shepard, a gay college student at the University of Wyoming, was beaten, robbed and left tied to a wooden fence post outside of Laramie; he died five days later. (Russell Henderson later pleaded guilty to murder and kidnapping; a second suspect, Aaron McKinney, has yet to stand trial.)
The Justice Department sued Visa and MasterCard, the nation's largest credit card networks, on grounds they were restraining competition and limiting consumer choice.
American Home Products Corp. resolved one of the biggest product liability cases ever by agreeing to pay up to $4.83 billion to settle claims that the fen-phen diet drug combination caused dangerous heart valve problems.
Australian Immigration department removal of citizen was unlawful
Unexploded WW2 Bomb discovered at Schiphol Airport
IAEA and its director ElBaradei are awarded the Nobel Peace Prize
British Columbia teachers dropping the chalk and walking out
Premium gas discounted for a few hours
Red tide affects South Padre Island, Mexico
Film about Travis County DA's investigation of Texas election of 2002
President of Peruvian Truth Commission reports death threats, anti-semitic hatemail
U.S. watchdog group lists "most corrupt members of Congress"
Google, Sun Microsystems to collaborate on software development
White House denies that God told Bush to invade Iraq
First Trojan horse to affect handheld gaming console found
Internet backbone hosts feud, disconnecting users
U.S. force-feeding Guantanamo hunger strikers
Washington Monument evacuated due to false bomb threat
Fall sweeps through Texas
All Ferrari front row for Japanese Grand Prix
Blunkett defines the main task for us all
Bratsk hydroelectric plant gets new turbine
Cheetahs and Blue Bulls to meet in Currie Cup rugby final
Top ranked France to play Scotland this afternoon in football
Russian journalist Anna Politkovskaya shot dead
Gibson has given his first interview since anti-Semitic rant
20,000 Poles demonstrate on the streets of Warsaw
French goalkeeper Fabien Barthez announces retirement
Scotland: Three murdered schoolboy for "being white"
1.4 million in China flee deadly storm
An interview with gossip columnist Michael Musto on the art of celebrity journalism
U.S. General David Petraeus accuses Iran of fueling war in Iraq
Rugby World Cup: Argentina 19 - 13 Scotland
Bus and train collision kills at least 28 in Cuba
Rugby World Cup: South Africa 37 - 20 Fiji
Abused girl in Arizona found with 100 wounds
At least 7 killed in Wisconsin shooting rampage
Kimi RÃ¤ikkÃ¶nen wins Chinese Grand Prix
Appendix has purpose: Scientists
Referendum about CAFTA-RD in Costa Rica
Witnesses: Doomed train had green light
Tattoo with identifying details leads to prosecution of thief in Bristol, UK
Report says disappearing life threatens biodiversity
Stock markets worldwide continue to fall
Icelandic Internet bank suspends UK accounts
Over two million people displaced by flooding in India
Greek Prime Minister sworn in, new cabinet appointed
Large magnitude 7.8 earthquake, aftershock strikes Vanuatu region
Italian court overturns law preventing trial of Prime Minister Berlusconi
40 injured after attacks in Thailand
Demonstrators and police clash at IMF meetings in Istanbul
New ring discovered around Saturn, could explain dark side of its moon
Major fire results in significant damage to Texas apartment complex
Charlie the smoking chimpanzee dies aged 52
Australian Dollar reaches a 27 year high
Two Santa Clara, Utah teens in critical condition after lightning strike
South African parliament questioned over media policy
Electric vehicles can be less green than classic fuel cars, Norwegian study finds