Election of Celestine as Pope
Death of St. Pulcheria, Empress of Byzantium
Death of Godgifu, wife of the Earl Leofric of Mercia (we know her as Lady Godiva)
William I, the Norman duke who conquered England, died. (The Conqueror had become quite fat in his later years, and his decaying body leaked from the coffin.) He left the kingdom to his son William Rufus.
The Franciscans (founded in 1209 by St. Francis of Assisi) first arrived in England. They were originally called "Grey Friars" because of their gray habits. (The habit worn by modern Franciscans is brown.)
Death of St. Nicholas of Tolentino
John the Fearless is murdered at Montereau, France, by supporters of the daupin.
Pope Julius III Italian pope(1550-55) who promoted the Jesuits born
Christening of Elizabeth I, Queen of England
The Duke of Somerset leads the English to a resounding victory over the Scots at Pinkie Cleugh.
Composer Ercole Porta born
Thomas Cavendish, third man to circumnavigate the globe, returns to England
Composer Nicholas Lanier born
John Smith was elected president of the Jamestown colony council in Virginia.
Lumber and furs are the first cargo to leave New Plymouth in North America for England.
Piet Heyn siezes 80 tons of Spanish silver in Cuba
The Dutch West India Company institutes the "Patron" system in their New World colonies
Prince Ferdinand's army starts for Brussels
Marie Therese, Queen-Consort of France born
English scientist and clergyman John Needham born
The Collegiate School at New Haven, CT, changed its name to Yale. (Congregationalists, unhappy with an increasing religious liberalism at Harvard, had founded Yale, the third oldest college in America, in 1701.)
Carter Braxton, US farmer and signer of the Declaration of Independence born
Italian violinist, composer and conductor Bartolomeo Campagnoli born
English architec tJohn Soane (Bank of England, Soane Museum) born
William Bligh, British naval officer who was the victim of two mutinies, the most famous on the HMS Bounty which was taken over by Fletcher Christian. born
America's first non-denominational college, Blount College (later the University of Tennessee), was chartered.
Mary Wollstonecraft, the pioneer English feminist writer, died from complications following the birth of her daughter Mary Godwin. Mary would later marry the poet Shelley and write Frankenstein.
Oliver H. Perry sent the message, "We have met the enemy, and they are ours," after an American naval force defeated the British in the Battle of Lake Erie in the War of 1812. U.S. naval units under the command of Capt. Oliver Perry defeated a British squadron in the Battle of Lake Erie. This was the first defeat ever for a British naval squadron.
Canadian hymnwriter Joseph Scriven. The accidental drowning of his bride-to-be the night before their wedding led to a life of depression; yet he also authored the hymn of comfort, "What a Friend We Have in Jesus." born
Simon Bolivar, who led the wars for independence from Spain in Venezuela, Colombia, Peru and Bolivia, was named president of Peru, with dictatorial powers.
Hector Berlioz's opera "Benvenuto Cellini" premiered in Paris. It flopped.
Publisher Isaac Funk (the Funk of Funk and Wagnalls) born
Elias Howe patents the first practical sewing machine in the U.S.
John Roy Lynch, first African-American to deliver the keynote address at a Republican National Convention born
In the midst of a gold rush, California enters the Union as the 31st state.
Sevastopol, under siege for nearly a year, capitulates to the Allies.
Confederates at Carnifex Ferry, Virginia, fall back after being attacked by Union troops. The action is instrumental in helping preserve western Virginia for the Union.
Carl Van Doren, historian and critic who won a Pulitzer Prize for his biography on Benjamin Franklin. born
American poet Hidla Doolittle (who published under the name H.D.) She lived most of her adult life as an expatriate in England and Switzerland. born
American political author Edmund O'Brien. He wrote The Last Hurrah (supposedly based on Boston mayor James J. "Honey" Fitzgerald, Rose Kennedy's father) born
Physicist Arthur Holly Compton born
English critic Cyril Connolly born
Actress Fay Wray. The Beauty that broke the heart of the Beast (King Kong), born in Alberta, Canada. born
J. Vedrines becomes the first pilot to break 100 m.p.h. barrier.
Lincoln Highway opens as 1st paved coast-to-coast highway. It is old US 30 now.
The six-day Battle of the Marne ends, halting the German advance into France.
Film director Robert Wise born
Actor Edmond O'Brien (Academy Award-winning actor Barefoot Contessa; Seven Days in May, Birdman of Alcatraz, Fantastic Voyage, Pete Kelly's Blues, The Long Hot Summer) born
New York City welcomed home General John J. Pershing and 25,000 soldiers who'd served in the US First Division during World War One.
In response to a dispute with Yugoslavia, Mussolini mobilizes Italian troops on Serb front.
Singer Yma Sumac (Zoila Imperatriz Charrari Sumac del Castillo) You're not a crossword puzzle fan if you've never heard of her. (singer w/4 octave range: LP: Legend of the Sun Virgin) born
Golfer Arnold Palmer. He won four Masters, two British Opens and one U.S. Open born
Baseball's Roger Maris (NY Yankees outfielder) born
Charles Kuralt, "On the road..." for CBS. born
Country singer Tommy Overstreet born
Canada declared war on Germany.
Jazz vibraphonist Roy Ayers born
Christopher Hogwood. Hogwood's dedication to early music, and to the use of period instruments, helped to put a lot more Baroque music on CD. born
Singer Danny Hutton (Three Dog Night) born
Actor Tom Ligon ("Another World") born
Singer Jose Feliciano born
Vidkun Quisling was sentenced to death in Norway for collaborating with the Nazis.
Actress Judy Geeson (To Sir with Love, Danger UXB) born
Margaret Trudeau (Sinclair) (author 1st Lady - wife of Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau [1968-1979]) born
Mildred Gillars, accused of being Nazi wartime radio broadcaster "Axis Sally," was indicted in Washington DC for treason.
Rock musician Joe Perry (Aerosmith) born
Florence Chadwick of San Diego, California, became the first American woman to swim the English Channel from both coasts.
West Germany offers Israel $540 million in compensation for Nazi atrocities.
Actress Amy Irving (Yentl, Crossing Delancy, The Competition, Benefit of the Doubt, Carrie, Honeysuckle Rose) born
Swanson sells it's first "TV Dinner".
"Gunsmoke" premiered on CBS television. It ran until 1975, becoming the longest-lasting TV Western. It had begin three years earlier on radio, with William Conrad as Matt Dillon. James Arness played this role on the TV series.
Director Chris Columbus ("Home Alone") born
Rock singer-musician David Lowery (Cracker) born
Jomo Kenyatta returns to Kenya from exile, during which he had been elected president of the Kenya National African Union.
The Naval Sea Cadets was organized,
Twenty black students entered public schools in Birmingham, Tuskegee and Mobile, Alabama, following a standoff between federal authorities and Governor George C. Wallace.
Rock musician Robin Goodridge (Bush) born
Rock singer-musician Miles Zuniga (Fastball) born
Rapper Big Daddy Kane born
Actor Ryan Phillippe ("I Know What You Did Last Summer") born
A British Airways Trident collided with a Yougoslave charter DC-9 over Zagreb, Yugoslavia, killing 176 people aboard the two planes. This was the world's worst mid-air collision.
Convicted murderer Hamida Djandoubi, a Tunisian immigrant, became the last person to date to be executed by the guillotine in France. (France abolished capital punishment in 1981.)
Four Puerto Rican nationalists imprisoned for a 1954 attack on the U.S. House of Representatives and a 1950 attempt on the life of President Truman were granted clemency by President Carter.
Pope John Paul II began a four-day visit to Vienna, Austria.
Democratic presidential nominee Walter F. Mondale unveiled a $177 billion deficit-reduction plan that called for $85 billion in higher taxes.
In El Salvador, Ines Guadelupe Duarte Duran, the eldest daughter of President Jose Napoleon Duarte, was kidnapped by leftist rebels. She was freed the following month as part of a prisoner exchange.
CBS Inc. announced that embattled chairman and chief executive Thomas H. Wyman was stepping down.
Pope John Paul the Second arrived in Miami, where he was welcomed by President and Mrs. Reagan, to begin a ten-day tour of the United States.
One of the finest classical works of the current generation and one of the few Minimalist works to enjoy broad popularity was recorded for the first time: Shaker Loops by John Adams.
Steffi Graf of West Germany achieved tennis' first Grand Slam since Margaret Court in 1970 by winning the US Open women's final.
Gretchen Elizabeth Carlson of Minnesota was crowned Miss America.
West German Boris Becker won the men's title at the U.S. Open, defeating top-seeded Ivan Lendl.
Hungary gave permission for thousands of East German refugees and visitors to emigrate to West Germany.
Iran agreed to resume full diplomatic ties with one time enemy Iraq. Iraqi President Saddam Hussein offered free oil to developing nations in a bid to win their support.
The Senate Judiciary Committee opened hearings on the nomination of Clarence Thomas to the U.S. Supreme Court.
A federal jury in Minneapolis struck down professional football's limited free agency system.
Less than two months before Election Day, President Bush unveiled a repackaged economic manifesto which included a possible one-percentage-point across-the-board tax-rate cut.
The cult series "The X-Files" premiered on Fox Television.
First lady Hillary Rodham Clinton lashed out at what she called "standpat, negative, nay-saying" opponents of health reform in an address to state legislators at George Washington University.
President Clinton, Vice President Al Gore and top national security advisers met at the White House to discuss Haiti, but made no final decisions.
Arantxa Sanchez Vicario defeated Steffi Graf to win the U.S. Open women's championship.
NBC's ''ER'' won eight Emmy Awards, but lost best dramatic series to ABC's ''NYPD Blue;'' NBC's ''Frasier'' won five awards, including best comedy series.
A plane carrying members of a skydivers club crashed in Shacklefords, Va., killing 10 parachutists, the plane's pilot and a man on the ground.
Hurricane "Hortense" pounded Puerto Rico, causing at least 21 deaths and destroying thousands of homes.
The Senate dealt a double defeat to gay-rights activists, voting to reject same-sex marriage in federal law and killing a separate bill that would have barred job discrimination against gays.
Former Agriculture Secretary Mike Espy pleaded innocent to charges of accepting $35,000 in sports tickets, travel and lodging from companies regulated by the Agriculture Department.
Northwest Airlines and its striking pilots announced an agreement to end a nearly two-week-old walkout.
President Clinton met with members of his Cabinet to apologize, ask forgiveness and promise to improve as a person in the wake of the Monica Lewinsky scandal.
The U.S. government began freeing 14 Puerto Rican nationalists granted clemency by President Clinton.
A federal judge ordered an end to busing and other means of achieving racial balance in Charlotte-Mecklenburg, the North Carolina school system that pioneered urban busing in the United States after a landmark Supreme Court ruling three decades earlier.
British Gas announces a hike in energy bills of 14.2%
Red Cross is not in New Orleans for Katrina, Guard raced it to Superdome
All major American TV networks show charity concert for Katrina victims
One week before German federal election, the race is wide-open again
Wendyâ€™s finger pointers plead guilty of crime
FEMA head relieved of duties
Saudi Arabia agrees with the US on joining the WTO
Guadalupe River Park and Gardens opens in San Jose, CA, USA
Read Santa Clara marks tenth anniversary
Single-engine plane crashes into home in Cyprus
Swedish minister wants more free-to-air channels in the terrestrial television network
Irish dancing record broken in Cork
Australia proposes new anti-terror laws
Michael Schumacher wins Italian Grand Prix, announces plans to retire
Jack Layton reaffirmed as Canadian New Democratic leader with 92% support
Extremely drug-resistant tuberculosis strain emerges in South Africa
Sharapova takes U.S. tennis title
Thai election rerun likely in November
General Petraeus: 30,000 troops may be able to leave Iraq by next summer
Winners of Taiwan Sports Elite Awards named in Kaohsiung
Al-Qaeda says another bin Laden tape to be released
Over 30 killed in Mexico dynamite truck explosion
6.8 earthquake strikes off coast of Colombia
Blasts in Mexico rips gas and oil pipelines
Cassini space probe to flyby Saturn's moon Iapetus
Jurors begin deliberation in the Phil Spector murder trial
Elections Canada stands by decision, Muslims not required to remove veils at polls
Stars "schmooze" at Toronto International Film Festival party Stars
Rumsfeld calls Afghanistan a 'big success'
Bayern Munich Starlet wins awards at FIFA U17 World Cup
Altercation erupts between rock musicians at MTV Music Video Awards
Asif Ali Zardari sworn in as President of Pakistan
Felipe Massa wins Belgian Grand Prix, Hamilton first to cross the finish line
Leader of North Korea, Kim Jong Il reported to have suffered 'serious' stroke
American children's show Reading Rainbow ends 26 year run
Two freight trains collide in Pakistan
Government forces kill 17 rebels in northern Yemen
Hurricane Fred churns the Atlantic
One of Great Britain's "most wanted" criminals arrested in the Netherlands
BP report into Gulf of Mexico disaster lays blame on other contractors
New flotilla planned to set sail for Gaza Strip
Large gas main explodes in San Bruno, California neighborhood
Pastor of Florida church cancels plans to burn Qur'an, later reconsiders
Air Zimbabwe pilots 'face dismissal' over pay strike
Out of space in outer space: Special report on NASA's 'space junk' plans
ABC News yanks 20/20 investigation of Tom Cruise and Scientology
Hellen Saohaga's London performance second best for Solomon Islands at Olympics, Paralympics
Athletics concludes at London Paralympics with the marathon
Pakistani footballer Abdul Ghafoor dies aged 71