Trajan, 13th Roman Emperor (98-117) born
Constans II Pogonatus, Byzantine Emperor assassinated, Sicily
Iwashimizu Shrine holds its first Festival
Hugh de Payens, Master of the Templars, receives the "Relief des St. Omer' from the father of Geoffrey de St. Omer
Coronation of Alexander III as Pope
Maria, queen of Hungary and wife of Louis II born
Composer Erasmus Widmann born
German poet Georg R Weckerlin (Oden und Ges"nge) born
Composer Cristobal de Isla Diego born
The Spanish Armada, which attempted to invade England, is destroyed by a British fleet.
Cadiz, Spain plundered by the Earl of Essex
Cervantes thrown into Seville jail, where he gets idea for "Don Q"
Sir Thomas Overbury, 32, dies of poison in the Tower of London
Franois, Duc de La Rochefoucald born
Titus Oates, Anglican priest who fabricated the "Popish Plot" of 1678.
British forces occupied New York City during the American Revolution.
An alliance between Britain, Prussia and the Netherlands is ratified at the Hague.
Novelist James Fenimore Cooper 1st major American novelist. born
The US Department of Foreign Affairs was renamed the Department of State.
Independence was proclaimed for Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and El Salvador.
A Bosendorfer grand piano was willed to Bruckner by a family friend, and Bruckner composed his Requiem in D minor in the friend's honor. The work, Bruckner's first major composition, was performed.
In her home state of New York, Antoinette L. Brown, 28, became pastor of the Congregational church in South Butler -- making her the first woman to be formally ordained to the pastorate in the United States.
William Howard Taft, 27th president of the United States born
The Butterfield Overland Mail Company begins delivering mail from St. Louis to San Francisco. The company's motto is: "Remember, boys, nothing on God's earth must stop the United States mail!"
Confederates capture Harpers Ferry, securing the rear of Robert E. Lee's forces in Maryland.
Conductor Bruno Walter born
Ettore Arco Isidoro Bugatti, car builder born
Dame Mystery writer Agatha Christie born
The Dalton gang holds up a train and takes $2,500 at Wagoner, Okla.
The great conductor Bruno Walter made his debut. It was his 18th birthday.
Sir Howard Bailey, British engineer who gave his name to a prefabricated bridge used extensively during World War II born
Country music star Roy Acuff born
President Woodrow Wilson orders the Punitive Expedition out of Mexico. The Expedition, headed by General John Pershing, had been searching for Pancho Villa, a Mexican revolutionary.
Russia was proclaimed a republic by Alexander Kerensky, the head of a provisional government.
Bluesman Snooky Pryor born
Actor-director Jackie Cooper born
Singer-pianist Bobby Short born
Comedian Norm Crosby born
Scottish bacteriologist Alexander Fleming discovers, by accident, that the mold penicillin has an antibiotic effect.
The Nuremberg Laws deprived German Jews of their citizenship and made the swastika the official symbol of Nazi Germany.
Prime Minister of England Neville Chamberlain flies to Germany to discuss the future of Czechoslovakia with Adolf Hitler.
Baseball Hall-of-Famer Gaylord Perry born
The Polish submarine Orzel arrives in Tallinn, Estonia, after escaping the German invasion of Poland.
During the Battle of Britain in World War Two, the tide turned as the Luftwaffe sustained heavy losses inflicted by the Royal Air Force.
Football Hall-of-Famer Merlin Olsen born
Armies of Nazi Germany began their siege of the Russian city of Stalingrad, now called Volgograd.
An American soldier shot Anton Webern dead. There was a curfew in Austria, and Webern, smoking a cigar after dinner, was violating it.
Opera singer Jessye Norman born
Rock musician Lee Dorman (Iron Butterfly) born
Actor Tommy Lee Jones born
Movie director Oliver Stone born
"The Lone Ranger" premiered on ABC television with Clayton Moore as the masked hero and Jay Silverheels as Tonto.
During the Korean conflict, United Nations forces landed at Inchon in the south and began their drive toward Seoul.
Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev arrived in the US to begin a 13-day visit.
Rock musician Mitch Dorge (Crash Test Dummies) born
Football quarterback Dan Marino born
Four children were killed when a bomb went off during Sunday services at a black Baptist church in Birmingham, Alabama. Two black teenage boys were shot to death later that day as city-wide rioting broke out.
The science-fiction series "Lost in Space" (set in the year 1997) premiered on CBS.
"Green Acres" premiered on CBS.
The American Bible Society published the New Testament of its "Today's English Version" (TEV), otherwise known as "Good News for Modern Man." It marked the end of a two-year effort led by chief translator, Robert G. Bratcher. (The complete Good News Bible was published in 1976.)
Rap DJ Kay Gee (Naughty By Nature) born
Ed Sullivan released "The Sulli-Gulli," his first and only rock record.
The Watergate indictments began with charges against seven low-ranking perpetrators, including two former White House aides, G. Gordon Liddy and E. Howard Hunt.
Muhammad Ali defeated Leon Spinks in 15 rounds in New Orleans to win an unprecedented 4th World Heavyweight Boxing title.
The first issue of USA Today was published.
Iran's former foreign minister, Sadegh Ghotbzadeh, was executed after he was convicted of plotting against the government.
Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin submitted his formal resignation to President Chaim Herzog.
The U.S. Senate joined the House of Representatives in condemning the Soviet Union for shooting down a Korean jetliner with 269 aboard.
Britain's Prince Harry of Wales born
Bishop James Malone, president of the National Conference of Catholic Bishops, issued a statement saying new emphasis on the teaching of sexual morality was "urgently needed" to fight off the impact of the sexual revolution.
Philippine President Corazon Aquino arrived in the United States for a nine-day visit aimed at winning political and economic support.
On the opening day of his confirmation hearing, Supreme Court nominee Robert Bork told the Senate Judiciary Committee his philosophy was "neither liberal nor conservative."
Thousands of coastal residents from Mexico to Louisiana were fleeing to higher ground, a day after Hurricane "Gilbert" pounded the Yucatan Peninsula.
The Exxon Corp. halted its billion-dollar oil spill cleanup effort in Alaska's Prince William Sound as winter approached.
Pulitzer Prize-winning author Robert Penn Warren, the first poet laureate of the United States, died in Stratton, Vermont, at age 84.
France announced it would send 4,000 more soldiers to the Persian Gulf and expel Traqi military attaches in Paris in response to Iraq's raids on French, Belgian and Canadian diplomatic compounds in Kuwait.
Washington state Senator Patty Murray defeated former Congressman Don Bonker to win the Democratic nomination for the US Senate seat being vacated by Brock Adams.
FBI Director William S. Sessions promised a new national campaign to stem a recent wave of carjackings.
Former 60's radical Katherine Ann Power, who'd spent 23 years in hiding, surrendered to authorities to face charges stemming from a 1970 bank robbery in which Boston police officer Walter Schroeder Senior was killed. (Power received a five-year federal term, to run concurrently with an eight- to 12-year state sentence.)
In a terse ultimatum from the Oval Office, President Clinton told Haiti's military leaders in a prime-time address: "Your time is up. Leave now or we will force you from power."
Hurricane Marilyn, the third major storm to batter the Caribbean in less than a month, hit the Virgin Islands with heavy rains and 100 mph winds.
The U.N. Fourth World Conference on Women, held in Beijing, approved a wide-ranging platform on women's rights, including the promotion of inheritance rights and the condemnation of wartime rape.
Defense Secretary William Perry was making the rounds among American allies in the Persian Gulf region, seeking additional support for the US stance against Iraq. Bahrain agreed to play host to 26 American F-16 jet fighters.
Two of the nation's most popular diet drugs -- dexfenfluramine and fenfluramine -- were pulled off the market because of new evidence they could seriously damage patients' hearts.
Former Massachusetts Governor William Weld gave up his battle to be US ambassador to Mexico.
The IRA-allied Sinn Fein party entered Northern Ireland's peace talks for the first time.
Nine states and the District of Columbia held primaries. In New York, liberal congressman Charles Schumer won the Democratic nod to challenge Republican Senator Alfonse D'Amato. (Schumer won.) In Washington state, conservative congresswoman Linda Smith won the right to challenge Democratic Senator Patty Murray (Murray won re-election).
Mark McGwire of the St. Louis Cardinals hit his 63rd home run of the seasonl.
Gunman Larry Ashbrook opened fire in a Fort Worth, Texas, Baptist church, killing seven people and himself.
One month after being charged in the United States with laundering suspected drug payoffs, Mexico's former top drug prosecutor, Mario Ruiz Massieu, was found dead in his New Jersey apartment, an apparent suicide.
Sony recalls Playstation 2 power adaptors
Israeli court orders controversial wall rerouted
National plant materials center goes native in Washington, DC
Seven face deportation after UK dawn raids
US state of Texas executes woman convicted of murdering family
Thai political talk show taken off air
Blackwater mercenaries used in New Orleans
US airlines Delta, Northwest file for bankruptcy
Were New Orleanians caught in political crossfire?
Thai political talk show taken off during media buyout attempt
Tauranga bomb threat politically motivated
Telstra sale legislation passed by Australian Senate
Lavalas candidate barred from elections
Imperfect immune systems help avoid autoimmune disease
New Democrats score upset in Ontario's Parkdale-High Park by-election
Astronaut Steve MacLean talks with Canadian PM over phone
Thought-controlled cybernetic arms demonstrated
Canadian Governor General speaks on Montreal shooting
Pupils fed through gates, school criticised
Larry Sanger announces Wikipedia fork
Paris Hilton too costly to ridicule, says Charlotte Church
Nickelodeon to cease broadcasting temporarily in US, to encourage play
Wikimedia sites database locked, takes hour to get back to normal
Muslim world condemns Pope's criticism of Islam
Dell announces revenue and cost actions to halt decline
BT Global Services to double US revenues and cut costs
Planned shooting thwarted in Wisconsin
Statistics say websites with user-generated content are the fastest growing
Virginia bill proposes castration as treatment option for sex offenders
Child abuse case in West Virginia ends in jail time
Microsoft threatens European Vista release delays due EC monopoly regulations
Colombian police rescue kidnapped 2-month old baby
E. coli outbreak kills 1, sickens nearly 100
Xbox 360 console sales surge in America
Finland scrambles fighter jet to respond to Russian aircraft
Aircraft crashes during mock dogfight at Shoreham Airshow, United Kingdom
Twenty20 World Championship: South Africa vs Bangladesh
Rugby World Cup: New Zealand, Australia and Ireland win
Twenty20 World Championship: New Zealand vs Sri Lanka
Foiled HSBC robbers named
Explosion, fire on guided missile cruiser USS Leyte Gulf injures five
Queues form outside struggling UK bank; calm urged
Hamas preparing for Israeli 'incursion' into Gaza
Car bomb kills 15 in Pakistani anti-terror unit
Decade worth of messages, interviews from bin Laden leaked to web
Zimbabwean rivals sign power sharing deal
Helicopter crash in Australia kills four
Libertarian National Committee in fierce deadlock over how to address growing Bob Barr controversies
Oasis star Noel Gallagher assaulted on stage in Toronto
Despite threats, "Alaska Women Reject Palin" rally held
Bank of America attempts takeover of Merrill Lynch
Yale graduate student who went missing before wedding found dead
American actor Patrick Swayze dies at age 57
Humpback whale found dead in River Thames, England
Rubens Barrichello wins Italian Grand Prix
At least 38 killed after flash flooding in Indonesia
Pope Benedict XVI heads to the UK amid protests
Headless man found near suburban Chicago school
Tea Party-endorsed Christine O'Donnell wins Delaware Senate primary election
The Club steering lock inventor James Winner dies in car accident
Australia's Channel Seven breaches children TV standards regulations by broadcasting McDonald's advertisement
Texas wildfires push public resources to the limit
Mass protest grows against Kudankulam nuclear power plant in India