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Today in History

1928
Actor Adam West born in Walla Walla, Washington
1933
Musician and actor. David McCallum born in Glasgow, Scotland
1934
Manager for The Beatles, Brian Epstein born in Liverpool, England
1942
Actress and singer Freda Payne born in Detroit, Michigan
1949
Actress, singer and supermodel, Twiggy born Lesley Hornby in London, England
1958
Musician and singer, Lita Ford born Carmelita Rosanna Ford in London, England
1959
Nikita Khrushchev barred from entering Disneyland during 13 day visit to US
1994
OJ Simpson criminal trial for murder begins
1996
Hackers vandalize CIA web site
2002
Talk Like a Pirate Day
86
Antoninus Pius, the 15th Roman emperor (138-161) born
690
Death of St. Theodore of Canterbury
866
Byzantine Emperor Leo VI Sophos (886-912). He wrote the work Problematica. born
945
Cabiz, a Muslim theologian, executed for arguing Christ was superior to Muhammad
1180
Philip II became King of France
1356
In a landmark battle of the Hundred Years' War, English Prince Edward defeats the French at Poitiers.
1539
The Abbot of Glastonbury, Thomas Whiting, is arrested by commissioners of Henry VIII of England
1544
Francis, the king of France, and Charles V of Austria sign a peace treaty in Crespy, France, ending a 20-year war.
1551
King Henry III of France born
1558
Singer Lita Ford born
1567
Bothwell carries off Mary Queen of Scots to Dunbar
1609
Explorer Henry Hudson reaches the site of Albany, New York
1648
Florin Perier demonstrates the barometer
1655
Netherlands scholar Jan Luyts, He was a physicist, mathematician and astronomer. born
1692
Giles Corey is pressed to death for standing mute and refusing to answer charges of witchcraft brought against him. He is the only person in America to have suffered this punishment.
1705
Flemish composer Henri-Jacques de Croes born
1737
Early American Charles Carroll, He signed the Declaration of Independance born
1769
Missionary to Molukkas Joseph Comb born
1777
During the Revolutionary War, American soldiers won the first Battle of Saratoga.
1788
Charles de Barentin becomes lord chancellor of France.
1796
President Washington's farewell address was published. it, America's first chief executive advised, "Observe good faith and justice oward all nations. Cultivate peace and harmony with all."
1819
It was such a beautiful fall day that poet, John Keats, was inspired to take out pen and pad and wrote one of the best-loved English poems, "Ode to Autumn."
1841
The first railway to span a frontier is completed between Stousbourg and Basle, in Europe.
1853
Baptist pioneer missionary J. Hudson Taylor, 21, set sail from England to China. In 1865, Taylor founded the China Inland Mission, now known as Overseas Missionary Fellowship.
1869
Wagner and Nietzsche got into an argument. The philosopher said it was wrong to eat meat. The composer said life is a compromise and you need food to survive so you can do good.
1876
Melville R. Bissell of Grand Rapids, Michigan, patented the carpet sweeper. The name, Bissell, became synonymous for carpet sweepers during the first half of the 20th century.
1879
Irvin Westheimer, who founded the American "Big Brothers" movement born
1881
President James Garfield (20th president of the United States) died in Elberon, New Jersey, of gunshot wounds inflicted July 2nd by a disgruntled office-seeker.
1894
Novelist and playwright Rachel Field, (All This and Heaven Too and And Now Tomorrow) born
1900
President Loubet of France pardons Jewish army captain Alfred Dreyfus, twice court-martialed and wrongly convicted of spying for Germany.
1904
Educator and author Bergen Evans (wrote-Dictionary of Contemporary American Usage) born
1905
Watergate prosecutor Leon Jaworski born
1907
Retired U.S. Supreme Court Justice Lewis Powell born
1908
The Mahler Seventh was premiered. Listeners in Prague got to hear it first. They applauded, but not very much. Mahler complained later that it had scarcely been understood.
1911
Author William Golding ("Lord of the Flies") born
1917
Schoenberg joined the Austrian army. A fellow soldier said, "Aren't you the notorious avant-garde composer?" And Schoenberg said, "Somebody had to be!"
1920
Author Roger Angell born
1921
Rhythm-and-blues musician Billy Ward born
1927
Former Defense Secretary Harold Brown born
1928
Walt Disney debuted his talking, animated cartoon, "Steamboat Willie" at the Colony Theatre in New York. The short film featured a character that had originally been named "Mortimer". Walt changed the name to Mickey Mouse. "Steamboat Willie" was the first cartoon with synchronized sound.
1930
Actress Rosemary Harris born
1931
Singer Brook (Benjamin Franklin) Benton (Peay) (It's Just a Matter of Time, Baby [You've Got What It Takes] Endlessly, Think Twice, Kiddio, Rainy Night In Georgia) born
1932
Journalist Mike Royko ( Chicago Tribune born
1933
Actor David McCallum (The Man from U.N.C.L.E., The Invisible Man, Shattered Image) born
1934
Brian Epstein (talent manager born
1934
Bruno Hauptmann was arrested in New York and charged with the kidnap-murder of the Lindbergh infant.
1936
The classic, "Indian Love Call" was recorded by Nelson Eddy and Jeanette MacDonald, on Victor Records.
1938
Actor Adam West (about half of the sources say 1928, some say 1929) born
1940
Singer Bill Medley born
1940
Singer-songwriter Paul Williams born
1940
Singer Sylvia Tyson (Ian and Sylvia) born
1943
Singer 'Mama' Cass Elliott (Cohen) (group Papas: California Dreamin', Monday, Monday, Dream a Little Dream of Me, It's Getting Better, Make Your Own Kind of Music) born
1943
The first Baptist church was organized in Anchorage. (Prior to this date, there had been no Baptist church in Anchorage, and only one Baptist church in all the rest of the state of Alaska.)
1945
Golfer Jane Blalock born
1945
Singer David Bromberg born
1945
Singer Freda Payne born
1945
Nazi propagandist William Joyce, known as "Lord Haw-Haw," was sentenced to death by a British court.
1947
Rock singer-musician Lol Creme (10cc) born
1948
Actor Jeremy Irons (Academy Award born
1948
Moscow announces it will withdrawal soldiers from Korea by the end of the year.
1949
Actress fashion model Twiggy Lawson born
1950
TV personality Joan Lunden (TV co-host America) born
1951
Singer-producer Daniel Lanois born
1952
Musician-producer Nile Rodgers born
1952
Actor Scott Colomby born
1955
President Juan Peron of Argentina was ousted after a revolt by the army and navy.
1956
Singer-actor Rex Smith born
1957
The United States conducted its first underground nuclear test, in the Nevada desert.
1958
Actor Kevin Hooks born
1959
Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev reacted angrily during a visit to Los Angeles upon being told that, for security reasons, he wouldn't be allowed to visit Disneyland.
1960
Cuban leader Fidel Castro, in New York to visit the United Nations, angrily checked out of the Shelburne Hotel in a dispute with the management.
1964
Country singer Trisha Yearwood born
1969
Rhythm-and-blues singer Espraronza Griffin (Society of Soul) born
1970
"The Mary Tyler Moore Show" premiered on CBS-TV. It became one of the most successful television shows of the 1970s. The last, original episode aired on September 3, 1977.
1974
Eric Clapton received a gold record for "I Shot the Sheriff." The song reached #1 on the pop charts on September 14th.
1974
Comedian Jimmy Fallon born
1981
For their first concert in years, Paul Simon and Art Garfunkel reunited for a free concert to benefit New York City parks. The concert attracted a crowd of 500,000 people in Central Park and was broadcast to a TV audience in the millions.
1983
Two U.S. Navy ships off Beirut, the cruiser Virginia and the destroyer John Rodgers, opened fire in support of Lebanese army units defending the town of Souk el-Gharb.
1983
TV history was made this night. The final episode of "M*A*S*H" saw the members of the 4077th Mobile Army Surgical Hospital wave bye-bye in a special 2 1/2 hour program on CBS.
1984
Britain and China completed a draft agreement on transferring Hong Kong from British to Chinese rule by 1997.
1985
The first of two killer earthquakes hit Mexico City -- this one, 8.1 on the Richter scale, followed the next day by a 7.5er -- crumbling buildings (damages were estimated at more than one billion dollars) and killing almost 10,000 people.
1986
Federal health officials announced that the experimental drug AZT would be made available to thousands of AIDS patients.
1987
Supreme Court nominee Robert H. Bork concluded five days of testimony before the Senate Judiciary Committee, vowing that he would "interpret the law and not make it."
1988
Swimmer Janet Evans gave the United States its first gold medal of the Summer Olympics in Seoul, South Korea, by winning the 400-meter individual medley.
1988
Israel succeeded in launching a test satellite, the Horizon-I, over the Mediterranean.
1989
Hurricane Hugo skirted the Bahamas as it headed toward the U.S. mainland.
1989
A Paris-bound DC-10 belonging to the French airline UTA disappeared after a stopover in Chad while carrying 171 people. (The plane's wreckage was found the next day in Niger; a bomb was believed responsible.)
1990
Iraq began confiscating foreign assets from countries that were imposing sanctions against the Baghdad government.
1991
Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir accused the United States of tilting toward the Arabs in its eagerness to organize a Mideast peace conference.
1992
Top finance officials of the seven largest industrial countries pledged in Washington to cooperate closely to resolve the worst currency crisis in two decades.
1992
The U.N. Security Council voted to recommend Yugoslavia's suspension because of its role in Bosnia's civil war.
1993
Polish voters turned left in parliamentary elections, giving the most number of seats to the Democratic Left Alliance.
1993
The NBC sitcom "Seinfeld" and the offbeat CBS drama "Picket Fences" each won three trophies at the 45th Annual Primetime Emmy Awards.
1994
U.S. troops peacefully entered Haiti to enforce the return of exiled President Jean-Bertrand Aristide. President Clinton expressed satisfaction with the 11th-hour accord that prevented a U.S.-led invasion.
1995
The New York Times and The Washington Post published the Unabomber's manifesto.
1995
The U.S. ambassador and the commander of American forces in Japan apologized for the rape of an Okinawan schoolgirl allegedly committed by three U.S. servicemen.
1996
American astronaut Shannon Lucid, on board the Russian "Mir" space station since March, eagerly greeted the crew of "Atlantis" hours after their arrival and docking.
1996
IBM announced it would extend health benefits to the partners of its homosexual employees.
1997
In his first public comments since the death of Princess Diana, Princes Charles told the British people he would always feel the loss of his former wife, and thanked them for their support.
1997
Six people were killed when an express passenger train and a freight train collided in west London.
1998
Rescue efforts continued off the Philippines for the Princess of the Orient, a ferry which had sunk in a storm, leaving at least 70 people dead and 80 others missing.
1998
Miss Virginia Nicole Johnson, a 24-year-old diabetic who wears an insulin pump on her hip, was crowned Miss America 1999.
1998
Susan Barrantes, mother of Sarah Ferguson, the Duchess of York, was killed in a car crash in Argentina; she was 61.
1999
The Senate passed a welfare overhaul bill.
1999
German voters handed Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder's governing Social Democrats a humiliating defeat in elections in the eastern state of Saxony, giving it just eleven percent of the votes.
2005
John "Jebby" Bush, son of Florida Governor Bush, arrested for public intoxication John
2005
NASA plans for future moon missions
2005
Musharraf denies making rape remarks
2005
Artists erect giant bunny on Italian mountainside
2005
Idaho meterologist promotes Hurricane Katrina conspiracy theory
2005
Russian pilot crashes in Lithuania
2005
Afghanistan holds first democratic general elections
2005
DeLay declares 'victory' in war on U.S. budget fat
2005
Nuclear arms agreement reached with North Korea
2006
Cabinet shuffled in Ontario
2006
Unidentified object contributes to delay of shuttle landing
2006
New Brunswick voters shun Premier Bernard Lord
2006
Judge dismissed in Hussein trial
2006
Thai PM Thaksin ousted by coup
2006
Canadian "terror" suspect Arar cleared after one year of torture
2006
Wanaka, New Zealand attempts bra chain record
2007
Free-to-air channel wins suit against pay TV operator over rugby screening
2007
6.4 earthquake shakes Indonesia
2007
Japan's lunar probe performing 'smoothly' after successful launch
2007
Microsoft Tech·Ed Taiwan begins after Typhoon Wipha crossed Taiwan
2007
ICC World Twenty20: South Africa vs New Zealand
2007
US Senate votes no to expanding detainee rights
2007
Residents in Seattle, Washington will soon ride the 'S.L.U.T.'
2007
Dan Rather files lawsuit against CBS
2007
ICC World Twenty20: England vs India
2007
Mother's body found at same site as daughter's on UK railway line
2007
O.J. Simpson posts bail in alleged robbery
2007
Australian treasurer attacks opposition leader's tax question error
2007
Mourinho and Chelsea FC part company
2007
Maoists quit joint-government in Nepal
2007
Israel declares Gaza Strip 'enemy entity'; preparing for military incursion
2007
NASA prepares to launch mission to nearby asteroids
2007
Rugby World Cup: Italy 31 - 5 Portugal
2007
UEFA Cup 2007–08: Bayern Munich makes return to UEFA Cup
2008
CanadaVOTES: Liberal David Remington running in Lanark—Frontenac—Lennox & Addington
2008
CanadaVOTES: CHP candidate Steven Elgersma running in Haldimand—Norfolk
2008
Shares worldwide surge due to US government plan
2008
CanadaVOTES: Christian Heritage Party leader Ron Gray running in Langley
2009
26 motorbikes, two cars pile up in Oregon, US
2009
U.S. jobs picture not improving
2009
At least two killed by gunman in Mexico City subway
2009
International Talk Like A Pirate Day held on Saturday
2009
12-year-old school boy has sex change in Sussex, England
2009
U.S. Senate releases version of Healthcare Bill
2009
Jordan Lloyd wins US Big Brother 11
2009
UK energy companies announce that prices for bills could increase
2009
U.S. and China in trade dispute
2009
UK study reveals smoking could shorten men's lives by 10–15 years
2009
UK seizes drugs worth £25 million in new record
2010
Tulsa media erroneously reports San Diego Comic Con Pedobear was 'registered sex offender'
2010
'Greatest parade' in Pichilemu commemorates First Junta of Chile
2010
One dead, two injured after car crash in Somerset, England
2010
Jupiter at its brightest in 47 years
2012
George Entwistle becomes new BBC director general

In the early days of Unix, a date-tagged list of historical events was used by system administrators to add some interest to the system's Message of the Day. Whenever users logged in they would be presented with the latest system notices, perhaps some mildly amusing quotes and one or two lines of historical events, based on the current date.

Today in History (UNIX calendar) uses some of the entries from the original library but is updated with current events as well. Instead of plain text, each entry is now formatted in HTML and each day may include one or more icons of historical figures or celebrities.

Other things unique to the UNIX calendar are references to dates found in fictional literature such as Lord of the Rings, perhaps undue emphasis on people and events that were part of popular culture in the 70's and technical minutiae about computers and operating systems that might not be found in other places.

In association with Amazon, this symbol is a link to related products at amazon.com. Any proceeds resulting from the sales of these products are used to defray the cost of maintaining the Today in History site and editorial efforts.

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