Battle of Actium - Octavian defeats Antony, and becomes Emperor Augustus. The Senate had outlawed Antony and declared war on Cleopatra. The battle occurred at sea, off the promontory of Actium in Greece. Octavian's general was Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa. Antony was hampered by defections among his officers and the presence of Cleopatra on her flagship, which his Roman soldiers deeply resented. Agrippa outmaneuvered Antony, and Cleopatra was the first to flee, taking her sixty Egyptian ships with her. Antony followed her in a single ship, leaving the rest of his fleet to be destroyed.
Martyrdom of Habib "the Confessor of Edessa"
B. C. Phidippides runs 1st marathon, seeking aid from Sparta vs. Persia
Viking-monarch Oleg of Kiev-Russia signs treaty with Byzantines
Death of Maelsechlainn II "the Great," High-King of Ireland
Coronation of Issac Comnenus as Emperor of Byzantium
Peace signed between King Richard I of England "the Lionhearted," and Saladin; end of 3rd Crusade
1st Battle of Tehuacingo, San Salvador fought against Mexico
Christian III issues a Lutheran Ordinance for the Danish Church
The Mayflower sets sail from Plymouth with 102 Pilgrims.
Prince Ferdinand's army reaches Noerdlingen
A proclaimation is issued revoking the service-book in Scotland
German organist and composer Georg Bohm born
The Great Fire of London began. It eventually destroyed 13,000 houses in four days. Fortunately few lives were lost (an estimated 8 people died).
Composer Johann Trier born
German playwright Johann F von Cronegk (Olint und Sophronia) born
Composer Pehr Frigel born
The first Anglican service of worship to be held on Canadian soil was led by Rev. Robert Wolfall at Frobisher Bay, on Baffin Island.
German author Caroline von Schelling born
Dutch politician Leopold F.J.J.J. van Sassen Ysselt born
English clergyman Thomas Coke, 37, was consecrated, the first bishop of the Methodist Episcopal Church, by founder John Wesley. Coke afterward journeyed to America, where he and Francis Asbury oversaw Methodism in the Colonies.
The United States Treasury Department was established.
A Czech composer named Franz Kotzwara hanged himself in a London brothel. An elliptically-worded account of the event leaves it unclear whether the hanging was an intentional suicide or a bawdy escapade that went too far.
The Maltese people revolt against the French occupation, forcing the French troops to take refuge in the citadel of Valetta in Malta.
German archaeologist and historian Ernst Curtius born
Lydia Kamekeha Liliuokalani, last sovereign (Queen) before annexation of Hawaii by the United States. born
Writer and land reformer Henry George (Progress & Poverty) born
Poet Eugene Field (Little Boy Blue) born
Albert Spaulding baseball player/founded Spaulding sports company born
Wilhelm Ostwald Germany, physical chemist (Nobel 1909) born
During the Civil War, Union General William T. Sherman's forces occupied Atlanta.
Hiram Maxim, inventor of the automobile muffler and firearm silencer born
Frederick Soddy, named an isotope and received 1921 Nobel prize for chemistry born
In Rock Springs, Wyoming Territory, 28 Chinese laborers are killed and hundreds more chased out of town by striking coal miners.
Vice President Theodore Roosevelt offered the advice, "Speak softly and carry a big stick," in a speech at the Minnesota State Fair.
Alice Stebbins Wells is admitted to the Los Angeles Police Force as the first woman police officer to receive an appointment based on a civil service exam.
Dorothy May Bundy-Cheney winner of more than 141 US tennis titles born
Author-conservationist Cleveland Amory born
Author Allen Drury (Advise & Consent-1960 Pulitzer Prize) born
Martha Mitchell wife of Attorney General John Mitchell born
Communist Party of America organized in Chicago
Jazz musician Horace Silver born
An opera, composed by Kurt Weill with a libretto by Berthold Brecht, was in its final minutes when Brecht's wife launched into a speech for Communism from the stage. A riot broke out and the cops had to be called.
1st non-stop airplane flight from Europe to US (37 hrs)
A hurricane slammed into the Florida Keys, claiming 423 lives.
Former Baseball Commissioner Peter Ueberroth born
Rhythm-and-blues singer Sam Gooden (The Impressions) born
Singer Jimmy Clanton born
Rhythm-and-blues singer Rosalind Ashford (Martha & the Vandellas) born
During WW II, George Bush ejects from a burning plane
Troops of the U.S. First Army enter Belgium. More than 6,000 trucks of the Red Ball Express kept gasoline and other vital supplies rolling in as American troops and tanks pushed the Germans back toward their homeland.
Anne Frank, is sent to Auschwitz
Ho Chi Minh declared Vietnam an independent republic.
Japan signed an unconditional surrender aboard the U.S. battleship Missouri in Tokyo Bay, formally ending World War II.
Football Hall-of-Famer Terry Bradshaw born
Christa McAuliffe born. The first teacher on a space mission. During that mission, she and the six other crew members on the space shuttle Challenger perished in an explosion shortly after launch
Tennis player Jimmy Connors born
Tennessee National Guardsmen halt rioters protesting the admission of 12 African-Americans to schools in Clinton.
Rock musician Jerry Augustyniak (10,000 Maniacs) born
Country musician Paul Deakin (The Mavericks) born
"The CBS Evening News" was lengthened from 15 to 30 minutes.
Alabama Governor George C. Wallace prevented the integration of Tuskegee High School by encircling the building with state troopers.
Rhythm-and-blues singer K-Ci (Jodeci) born
North Vietnamese president Ho Chi Minh died.
Death of J.R.R. Tolkien, 81, English Christian language scholar and novelist. His 1954-55 "Lord of the Rings" trilogy describes a war between good and evil in which evil is routed through courage and sacrifice.
Singer Tony Thompson born
Joseph W. Hatcher of Tallahassee, Florida, becomes the state's first African-American supreme court justice since Reconstruction.
Israeli Foreign Minister Yitzhak Shamir won the endorsement of the Herut Party in his bid to succeed Prime Minister Menachem Begin, who had announced his resignation.
It was announced that a US-French expedition had located the wreckage of the "Titanic" about 560 miles off Newfoundland.
Hurricane Elena barreled ashore along the Mississippi coast with winds up to 100 mph.
A judge in Los Angeles sentenced Cathy Evelyn Smith to three years in prison for involuntary manslaughter in connection with the 1982 drug overdose death of comedian John Belushi.
West German pilot Mathias Rust, who flew a private plane from Helsinki, Finland, to Moscow's Red Square, went on trial in the Soviet capital. (Rust, who was convicted and given a four-year sentence, was released August third, 1988.)
Democrat Michael Dukakis welcomed back former top aide John Sasso to his presidential campaign, nearly a year after Sasso resigned because of his role in torpedoing the campaign of Democratic Senator Joseph Biden.
In Nicaragua, a 14-party opposition coalition chose Violeta Barrios de Chamorro to be its presidential candidate. (Chamorro went on to win the election the following February.)
Dozens of Americans reached freedom in the first major airlift of Westerners from Iraq during the month-old Persian Gulf crisis.
Dave Stieb of the Toronto Blue Jays hurled a no-hitter against the Cleveland Indians, winning 3-0.
President Bush formally recognized the independence of the Baltic states of Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia. In Moscow, the Soviet Congress of People's Deputies opened its first session since the failed coup, taking up proposals aimed at drastically restructuring the country.
In Moscow, the Soviet Congress of People's Deputies opened its first session since the failed coup, taking up proposals aimed at drastically restructuring the country.
Former world chess champion Bobby Fischer defied U.S. warnings and U.N. sanctions against Yugoslavia to begin his first official game in 20 years.
California's 64-day budget deadlock ended with the approval of a compromise plan.
On the campaign trail, President Bush announced nearly two billion dollars in new aid for US farmers and a six billion-dollar jet fighter sale that would largely benefit Texas. Democrat Bill Clinton, meanwhile, charged that Bush would shortchange middle class students to finance tax cuts for the rich.
The United States and Russia formally ended decades of competition in space by agreeing to a joint venture to build a space station.
Kurt Masur and the New York Philharmonic recorded the Brahms Third Symphony for the Teldec label.
The government reported the nation's unemployment rate for August was unchanged from July, at 6.1 percent.
At a military cemetery on a hill high above Honolulu, President Clinton marked the 50th anniversary of the end of World War II, saying it taught Americans that "the blessings of freedom are never easy or free."
Muslim rebels and the Philippine government signed a pact formally ending a 26-year insurgency that killed more than 120,000 people.
In London, a grieving human tide engulfed St. James's Palace, where Princess Diana's body lay in a chapel closed to the public, as the British monarchy and government prepared for her funeral.
President Clinton concluded his Moscow summit with Russian President Boris Yeltsin.
A Swissair MD-11 jetliner crashed off Nova Scotia, killing all 229 people aboard.
Pilots for Air Canada began a two-week strike, the first in the carrier's history.
It was announced that President and Mrs. Clinton had signed a contract to purchase a $1.7 million house in Chappaqua, New York, ending a months-long guessing game over where the couple would live after leaving the White House.
Guantanamo prisoners stage hunger strike
US Senate approves $10.5 billon in aid for Hurricane Katrina victims
Louisiana officials accused of blocking rescue volunteers
Coroner finds that Australian Prime Minister Holt drowned in 1967
California Senate votes to allow gay marriages
Ivorian rebels say South African mediators â€˜discreditedâ€™
Bomb in Dagestan explodes Russian military truck
Briton to fly hang glider across the UK
Intel responds to AMD antitrust suit
Controversy over New Orleans photos captions
Oil prices fall as reserves are released
King of Swaziland seeks thirteenth bride, continues to cause ire
Microsoft Office dropped by Massachusetts, USA
Did human remains cause mad cow disease?
Scientists debate whether Hurricane Katrina was aggravated by global warming
Minnesota 2% biodiesel mandate becomes effective September 29
US Department of Housing and Urban Development to provide housing for Katrina refugees
Woman torches own house, attempting to kill spiders
Gas prices surge in Northeast US
Broadband users kicked off service for constant questioning
New South Wales Liberal leader attempts suicide
Crime in New Orleans sharply increases after Hurricane Katrina
Explosions hit waterfront in New Orleans, Louisiana
Ghana bans gay and lesbian conference
South Africa end All Blacks' 15-game winning streak
NATO plane crashes in southern Afghanistan, killing 14 British troops
Mexican presidential address stopped by protests
Former Israeli PM Ariel Sharon moved out of ICU
European Union gives Iran two more weeks to comply with UN resolution
41st Jerry Lewis telethon to run Sunday, Monday
"Low pathogenic" H5N1 Bird Flu virus found in wild ducks in Maryland and Pennsylvania
New Democrat MP disagrees with Layton's call to withdraw from Afghanistan
Football: England beat Andorra in their first Euro 2008 qualifier
Cricket: India defeat England in fifth one-day international
Felix becomes Category 1 hurricane as it threatens Aruba
Two pilots killed in head-on collision at Radom Air Show, Poland
19 South Koreans return home after release from Taliban captivity
WHO investigates outbreak of unidentified illness in Democratic Republic of the Congo
Two die after passenger ship and cargo ship collide near Haifa, Israel
Report claims UK might withdraw from Iraq as early as October
North Korea to dismantle nuclear facilities this year
Minor earthquake strikes California
Republican leaders accused of double standard after Larry Craig's resignation
Hurricane Felix strengthens to Category 4
Canadian National Exhibition takes place in Toronto
Six killed in bridge collapse in Pakistan
Intel acquires mobile Linux developer, OpenedHand
Illinois budget cuts to close historic sites and parks
Google launches web browser, dubbed Chrome
UK government sued over deaths in 2006 Nimrod crash in Afghanistan
Burj Dubai becomes world's tallest tower
Sinkhole reported in Buffalo, New York
Hurricane Jimena approaches Baja California
UK denies pressuring Scotland into Lockerbie release
California wildfires continue to spread
Fiji fully suspended from the Commonwealth after failure to call election
Television appeal for 1984 murder in Bath, England
"Donkey" bloggers facing jail sentence in Azerbaijan
Two thousand people use bodies to create message on Pichilemu beach
Race to save Chilean miners trapped underground from spiralling into depression continues
No oil spillage after platform explodes in the Gulf of Mexico
Welsh TV pioneer Owen Edwards dies at age 76
Apple unveils new iPods, Apple TV; updates iOS, iTunes
Four die in Papua New Guinea plane crash
Hurricane Earl threatens eastern US
Documents regarding post-9/11 prisoner transport flights released
IPC inducts new members into its Hall of Fame
Canada women's national wheelchair basketball team gets its first win of London Paralympics
Australian Jayme Paris wins bronze in the London Paralympics Women's Individual C1-2-3 500m Time Trial