Themistocles and his Greek fleet win one of history's first decisive naval victories over Xerxes' Persian force off Salamis
Romans victorious over Attila the Hun
Muhammad changes the name of Yathrib to Medina
Caliph Mu'tasim enters Baghdad
Occupation of York by rebels against King William I
Saladin lays siege to Jerusalem
Consecration of Salisbury Cathedral, England
Coronation of Pope John XXI (there was no John XX)
The election of Robert of Geneva as anti-pope by discontented cardinals creates a great schism in the Catholic church. It was touched off when Gregory XI died, shortly after returning the papal seat from Avignon, in France, to Rome. Continuing for nearly 40 years (until 1417), the Schism at one point produced three concurrent popes!
Death of Louis I, King of Naples and Duke of Anjou
The Emperor of China receives a giraffe in tribute from Bengal, India
Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan set out from Spain on a voyage to find a western passage to the Spice Islands in Indonesia. (Magellan was killed enroute, but one of his ships eventually circumnavigated the world.)
Queen Elizabeth of England signs a treaty at Hamptan Court with French Huguenot leader Louis de Bourbon, the Prince of Conde.
Pedro Menendez of Spain wipes out the French at Fort Caroline, in Florida.
Composer Gottfried Scheidt born
After a two-year siege, the Spanish retake Ostend, the Netherlands, from the Dutch.
Composer Benedict Schultheiss born
Composer Pirro Conte d' Albergati Capacelli born
Vicar Johannes van der Hagen, genealogist and chronologer born
Composer Franz Habermann born
Master builder Giacomo Quarenghi (Hermitage Theater) born
Composer Jose Mauricio Nunes Garcia born
Scotish explorer Mungo Park (Africa) born
Packet and Daily, the first daily publication in America, appears on the streets.
Russian writer Sergei T Aksakov (Semejnaja chronika) born
Physician and author Peter of Limburg Brouwer born
US frigate "Constitution" (Old Ironsides) launched in Boston.
Explorers Meriwether Lewis and William Clark pass the French village of La Charette, the first white settlement they have seen in more than two years.
Daniel Steibelt who wrote the first choral piano concerto died. A friend in St. Petersburg eulogized him as a kleptomaniac.
The National Negro Convention convenes in Philadelphia with the purpose of abolishing slavery.
Physician Lord James Dewar, who invented the vacuum flask and cordite. born
Brigham Young arrives at Salt Lake City with a wave of Mormon followers.
Patent granted on the electric range.
Italian troops took control of the Papal States, leading to the unification of Italy.
Financial chaos forced the New York Stock Exchange to close. It remained closed for 10 days.
Novelist Upton Sinclair, (The Jungle) born
Chester A. Arthur was sworn in as the 21st president of the United States, succeeding James A. Garfield, who had been assassinated.
Albrecht Alt, German Lutheran Old Testament scholar. born
The Equal Rights Party was formed during a convention of suffragists in San Francisco. The convention nominated Belva Ann Bennett Lockwood of Washington DC for president.
Jazz piano player Ferdinand "Jelly Roll" Morton born
Australian nurse Sister Elizabeth Kenny, who pioneered the care of polio victims born
Actor Elliott Nugent (Romance, The Unholy Three; director Up in Arms, Welcome Stranger) born
Boston Celtics President Red Auerbach (second winningest basketball coach in history with 1,037 victories for the Boston Celtics) born
Actress Peg Phillips born
On this day, KDKA in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, started one of the first daily radio newscasts in the country. The broadcast came from the city desk of "The Pittsburgh Post".
Fashion designer James Galanos born
Actress Rachel Roberts (The Tony Randall Show) born
Psychologist Joyce Brothers born
Actress-comedian Anne Meara the Family, Rhoda, The Paul Lynde Show, The Corner Bar, Alf) born
Actress Sophia (Sofia Scicolone) Loren (some sources say 1931) born
Rock musician Chuck Panozzo (Styx) born
Former hockey player Guy LaFleur born
Jimmy Stewart debuted in "The Six Shooter" on NBC.this He played Britt Ponset on the radio western.
Jazz musician Peter White born
Actress Betsy Brantley born
Jan Sibelius died at his home on a little island on the Finnish coast. Although he had produced seven symphonies and numerous other orchestral works, Sibelius had composed virtually nothing for the last 33 years of his life.
Civil rights activist Martin Luther King Jr. was seriously wounded at a New York City department store when an apparently deranged black woman stabbed him in the chest.
Black student James Meredith was blocked from enrolling at the University of Mississippi by Governor Ross R. Barnett. (Meredith was later admitted.)
In a speech to the U-N General Assembly, President Kennedy proposed a joint US-Soviet expedition to the moon.
Actor Crispin Glover born
Britain's Queen Elizabeth launched the Cunard liner QE II, now the only remaining ocean liner on the formerly thriving trans-Atlantic route.
Actress Kristen Johnston ("3rd Rock From the Sun") born
Rock singers Matthew Nelson and Gunnar Nelson born
Rock musician Ben Shepherd (formerly with Soundgarden) born
"Sugar, Sugar", by the the Archies, hit number one in "Billboard." The Archies stayed at the top for four weeks.
The comedy-drama series M*A*S*H premiered on CBS-TV.
Singer, Jim Croce, his lead guitarist, Maury Muehleisen and four others died when their plane crashed into a tree while taking off for a concert in Sherman, Texas.
In their so-called "battle of the sexes," tennis star Billie Jean King defeated Bobby Riggs in straight sets, 6-4, 6-3, 6-3, at the Houston Astrodome. Howard Cosell was the announcer.
NASA publicly unveiled the space shuttle "Enterprise" at ceremonies in Palmdale, California.
The first wave of Southeast Asian "boat people" arrived in San Francisco under a new US resettlement program.
Jean-Bedel Bokassa, the self-styled head of the Central African Empire, was overthrown in a French-supported coup while on a visit to Libya.
Former Nicaraguan President Anastasio Somoza was assassinated in Paraguay.
President Ronald Reagan announced the United States, France and Italy had agreed to send peacekeeping forces back to Beirut to help Lebanon maintain order following the massacre of Palestinian refugees.
After a week of negotiations, President Reagan and congressional leaders reached a compromise authorizing the 1,200 U.S. Marines in Lebanon to remain on their peacekeeping mission for 18 more months.
Progressive Conservative leader Brian Mulroney took office as Canada's 18th prime minister, succeeding John N. Turner of the Liberal Party.
A suicide car bomber attacked the US Embassy annex in north Beirut, killing twelve people.
"The Cosby Show" premiered on NBC.
Secretary of State George P. Shultz and Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze reported progress after talks in Washington on preparations for a second summit between President Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev.
Pope John Paul the Second concluded an eleven-day visit to North America as he celebrated Mass for thousands of Indians at Fort Simpson in Canada's Northwest Territories.
U.S. swimmer Greg Louganis took the gold medal in three-meter springboard diving at the Seoul Olympics. He'd hit his head on the springboard during preliminary competition.
The 43rd General Assembly opened at the United Nations.
Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev pulled off a major shake-up of the Soviet Communist Party, dropping three Politburo members in a dramatic consolidation of power.
F.W. de Klerk was sworn in as president of South Africa.
Demanding equal time, Iraq asked US networks to broadcast a message by President Saddam Hussein in response to President Bush's videotaped address to the Iraqi people.
U.N. weapons inspectors left Bahrain for Iraq to renew their search for Iraqi weapons of mass destruction.
On Capitol Hill, Senate hearings on the nomination of Clarence Thomas to the U.S. Supreme Court concluded.
Leanza Cornett of Florida was crowned "Miss America" in Atlantic City, New Jersey.
French voters narrowly approved the Maastricht Treaty on European union.
The space shuttle "Endeavour" landed at the Kennedy Space Center.
QVC Network Incorporated proposed a $9.5 billion stock and cash merger with Paramount Communications Incorporated; however, Viacom eventually won the battle to acquire Paramount.
Space shuttle Discovery and its six astronauts landed at Edwards Air Force Base in California after an 11-day mission.
In a move that stunned Wall Street, AT&T Corp. announced it was splitting into three companies.
Bosnian Serb rebels pulled back enough heavy weapons from around Sarajevo to keep NATO airstrikes at bay.
The House voted to drop the national speed limit and let states decide how fast people should drive.
President Clinton announced his signing of a bill outlawing homosexual marriages, but said it should not be used as an excuse for discrimination, violence or intimidation against gays and lesbians. (The actual signing came a little after midnight.)
President Clinton's attorneys insisted no laws were broken as it ws disclosed that Attorney General Janet Reno had taken a first step toward seeking a special prosecutor to investigate the president's 1996 fund-raising activities.
Muriel Humphrey Brown, widow of Vice President Hubert Humphrey and his brief successor in the US Senate, died in Minneapolis at age 86.
After two-thousand-632 consecutive games, Cal Ripken of the Baltimore Orioles sat out a game against the New York Yankees, ending a 16-year run.
Lawrence Russell Brewer became the second white supremacist to be convicted in the dragging death of James Byrd Junior in Jasper, Texas. (Brewer was later sentenced to death.)
Raisa Gorbachev, wife of the last Soviet leader, Mikhail Gorbachev, died after a battle with leukemia; she was 67.
Heavily armed international peacekeepers landed in East Timor, clearing the way for the rest of a UN-approved force charged with restoring order.
Basra, Iraq raid by UK forces to rescue soldiers from police
US clinic plans first face transplant
Lightning storm moves through Southern California
Nazi hunter Simon Wiesenthal dead at 96
Opera Internet browser goes ad-free
IDG cancels Macworld Boston
AOL to launch VoIP service
NYPD shuts down anti-war speech due to absence of permit
US Federal Reserve lifts interest rates
Sprint/RealNetworks to provide cell phone Internet radio and podcasts in US
Vatican denies church is shielding war criminal
London bombers rehearsed attacks
Newfoundland supporters of Craig Sharpe feel cheated on
Four suspects arrested for assault on Oslo synagogue
Japan's Liberal Democratic Party chooses Abe
Riots in Hungary as PM 'lies'
World Wars lowered New Zealanders life expectancy
UN General Assembly opens with rhetorical appeals by both Bush and Ahmadinejad
Study reveals mercury contamination throughout US food chain
Barbara Walters to interview Terri Irwin
Two Canadian Liberal leadership candidates have not donated to party
Richard Hammond injured in jet-powered car crash
Cricket: India beats the West Indies by 16 runs
Meteorite blamed for mysterious illness in Peru
ICC World Twenty20: Australia vs Sri Lanka
Supporters of Canadian youth held in Guantanamo gather, demand action
Taiwan Sports Affairs Council hopes cancer patients finish 123KM bicycle riding challenge at Eastern Taiwan
ICC World Twenty20: Bangladesh vs Pakistan
Bluetongue outbreak in Germany
Brooklyn Book Festival showcases borough's continued literary tradition
ICC World Twenty20: South Africa vs India
10-year-old boy missing after car gets carjacked
O.J. Simpson returns home; girlfriend says he's "fine"
Court decision means Floyd Landis loses Tour de France title
Canadian dollar reaches parity with US dollar
Type O Negative announce US tour details; Lordi supporting
Nigerian "free puppy" scam revealed on the internet
Flooding in Slovenia leaves six dead
Fears grow about U.S. dollar stability
Barrister Hyman sentenced to one year imprisonment for false incrimination
American evangelist claims copyright on public domain videos
Rugby World Cup: Wales 72 - 18 Japan
Marriott Hotel in Islamabad bombed
Scientists to study near-death experiences
United Nations requests US$700 million in aid for East Africa to avoid famine
No evidence of engine fire at Aeroflot-Nord Flight 821 crash site
'Buried' video surfaces of police making mass arrests during the Republican National Convention
15 killed, 30 injured attempting to steal fuel from train in India
Alaskan Governor and Republican U.S. vice presidential nominee Sarah Palin's email account hacked
Website of Bill O'Reilly, FOX News commentator, hacked in retribution
Indonesian parliament approves privatising of three major state firms
False cancer cure claims lead to federal charges against five US companies
South African President Thabo Mbeki agrees to resign
Muslim cleric, two officers killed after gun attacks in southern Russia
Memorial unveiled to mark 50th anniversary of deaths of 47 miners in Lanarkshire, Scotland
Australian rules football: West Gippsland Latrobe Football League Grand Final
Two people killed in aircraft crash in Hampshire, England
Pope Benedict XVI departs from UK
Emma's Imagination declared winner of UK's 'Must Be The Music'
UK animal welfare group prosecutes woman who threw cat into bin
Shooting in German hospital, four killed
'Handkerchiefs in the air': Bicentennial celebrations in Pichilemu, Chile
Leonard Skinner, namesake of rock group Lynyrd Skynyrd, dies at age 77
Deepwater Horizon oil well finally dead, authorities say
Thirty die in car accidents during Bicentennial of Chile celebrations
Iconic London mural could be restored
Australian rules football: Maffra win Gippsland Football League grand final
Greenpeace demands Chilean President create marine parks