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Today in History

LOTR...
Frodo & Bilbo's birthday
Autumnal Equinox in Southern Hemisphere
Vernal Equinox in Northern Hemisphere
1776
School teacher Nathan Hale hanged for spying on the British. I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country
1862
Lincoln issues Emancipation Proclamation
1920
Political scientist William H Riker born in Des Moines, Iowa
1941
German troops kill 6,000 Jews in Ukraine
1949
First Soviet atomic bomb explodes
1953
Allied forces form West Germany
1956
Grammy Award winning singer, Debby Boone born in Hackensack, New Jersey
1958
Singer, songwriter and rock guitarist, Joan Jett born in Wynnewood, Pennsylvania
1981
Voice actress Maria Ashley Eckstein, born in Louisville, Kentucky
454
Murder of Aetius by Valentinian III, Western Roman Emperor
1327
Edward II murdered.
1415
Frederick, III as Holy Roman Emperor, IV as King of Germany, V as ArchDuke of Austria born
1792
The French National Convention voted to abolish the monarchy.
1866
Author and historian H.G. Wells born
1897
The New York "Sun" ran its famous editorial that answered a question from eight-year-old Virginia O'Hanlon: "Is there a Santa Claus?" Francis P. Church wrote, in part: "Yes, Virginia, there is a Santa Claus. He exists as certainly as love and generosity and devotion exist, and you know that they abound and give to your life its highest beauty and joy."
1931
Britain went off the gold standard.
1937
Womens airspeed record set at 292 mph by American pilot Jacqueline Cochran.
1954
Rock musician Philthy Animal (Motorhead) born
2005
Google sued by thousands of authors over Google Print
2005
Houston mayor urges evacuations as Hurricane Rita moves closer to shore
2005
Google prepares to launch WiFi service
2005
London bomb suspect returned from Italy
2005
Former 'Dudley Boys' sign with TNA Wrestling
2005
Whalers upset Spirit in opening game for Ontario Hockey League
2005
Insights on nutrient traffic in living cells
2005
South African typhoid outbreak protest dispersed with rubber bullets
2006
Complaint made against internet provider iHug upheld
2006
First penis transplant reversed after two weeks
2006
Forget driving to the Olympics, says Beijing
2006
Fight for consideration as hockey's hometown rages on in Canada, as a premier takes issue
2006
HP Chairman Patricia Dunn resigns amid scandal
2006
Planned anti-coup gathering in Thailand
2006
Seven sentenced to death for Jordanian suicide attacks
2006
Two-millenia-old Chinese guard gets unwanted new recruit
2006
Interview with Navdeep Gill, City Council candidate for Wards 2 & 6 in Brampton, Canada
2006
Interview with Tony Ciufo, City Council candidate for Ward 10 in Mississauga, Canada
2006
Transrapid collision in Germany kills 23
2007
Actor George Clooney injured in motorcycle accident
2007
Threats of school shootings at the University of Winnipeg
2007
One million baby cribs recalled due to potentially fatal design flaw
2007
Singer Britney Spears faces hit and run charges
2007
FC Barcelona presents project for new Camp Nou stadium
2007
Turisas release cover of Boney M. hit song 'Rasputin' as single
2007
Interview with dismissed Ocean Drive columnist Trisha Posner
2007
Televangelist Rex Humbard dies
2007
Torch of 2008 Summer Olympics won't travel through Taiwan
2007
Bluetongue disease appears in UK for the first time
2007
Microsoft Taiwan holds "Halo 3 Pre-launch Carnival" in Taipei, Taiwan
2007
Major League Soccer: Toronto FC end drought; lose to Crew
2008
ETA bomb kills soldier in northern Spain
2008
South African couple killed after being hit by train while having sex
2008
Julie Ditty wins ColemanVision Tennis Championship
2008
Misaki stops Riggs at 'Strikeforce at the Mansion II'
2008
Pakistan says its military fired on U.S. aircraft 'violating' its airspace
2008
Media reports exaggerate cell phone risks again
2008
Dr. Aafia’s son freed by Kabul, flown to Islamabad
2008
Contaminated baby's milk induces wave of child illness in China
2008
2% of British pound coins are counterfeit according to research
2008
Cancer trial patient dies after hospital computer system error
2009
China promises cut in carbon dioxide emissions
2009
Prosecutors begin NY State Sen. Hiram Monserrate felony assault case
2009
Memorial service held for Sir Bobby Robson in Durham Cathedral, England
2009
US army commander in Afghanistan asks for more troops in leaked report
2009
Militants bomb school in northwestern Pakistan
2009
UK scientists advise heart attack-susceptible to get flu shot
2009
Spain defeat Serbia in European Basketball Championships
2009
Images show new dimension to Saturn's rings
2009
Renault F1 given suspended ban as boss barred after cheating
2009
US soldier charged with murder in shooting of contractor in Iraq
2009
Politicians and protesters prepare for G20 summit
2009
Germany threatens to walk out of UN General Assembly if Ahmadinejad denies the Holocaust
2010
Evanston, Illinois middle school evacuated after bomb threat
2010
Common cold virus may be linked to childhood obesity
2010
Denver Broncos player Kenny McKinley found dead aged 23
2010
Former Ecuadorian football referee Byron Moreno arrested for drug smuggling
2010
Belgian Eurovision singer Fud Leclerc dies at age 86
2011
News International offers £3 million phone-hacking settlement to family of murder victim
2012
Pennsylvania courts to decide on controversial voter ID law

In the early days of Unix, a date-tagged list of historical events was used by system administrators to add some interest to the system's Message of the Day. Whenever users logged in they would be presented with the latest system notices, perhaps some mildly amusing quotes and one or two lines of historical events, based on the current date.

Today in History (UNIX calendar) uses some of the entries from the original library but is updated with current events as well. Instead of plain text, each entry is now formatted in HTML and each day may include one or more icons of historical figures or celebrities.

Other things unique to the UNIX calendar are references to dates found in fictional literature such as Lord of the Rings, perhaps undue emphasis on people and events that were part of popular culture in the 70's and technical minutiae about computers and operating systems that might not be found in other places.

In association with Amazon, this symbol is a link to related products at amazon.com. Any proceeds resulting from the sales of these products are used to defray the cost of maintaining the Today in History site and editorial efforts.

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