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Today in History

1066
Vikings enter York, England
1725
Brewery founder Arthur Guinness born in Celbridge, Ireland
1896
Author F Scott Fitzgerald born in St Paul, Minnesota
1924
Actress Sheila MacRae born in London, England
1936
Emmy Award winning producer and puppeteer, Jim Henson born in Greenville, Mississippi
1941
Photographer, musician and animal rights activist, Linda McCartney born in New York City
1995
Israel and the PLO agreed to sign a pact at the White House ending nearly three decades of Israeli occupation of West Bank cities.
2005
Hurricane Rita hits Beaumont, Texas
366
Death of Pope Liberius 366
768
Death of Pepin II "the Short"
784
Second Council of Nice begins
1066
Vikings enter York, England
1143
Death of Pope Innocent II
1180
Manuel I Comnenus, Byzantine Emperor, dies; Alexius II Comnenus becomes Emperor of Byzantium
1230
Ferdinand III, King of Castile, accepts Crown of Leon
1332
Coronation of John Baliol as King of Scotland
1400
King Henry IV of England invades Wales against Glyn Dwr
1493
Columbus leaves on his second voyage to the New World
1541
Death of Theophrastus Paracelcus
1657
1st American autopsy & coroner's jury verdict recorded, Maryland
1717
Novelist Horace Walpole born
1755
John Marshall, fourth chief justice of the United States and U.S. secretary of state born
1788
After having been dissolved, the French Parliament of Paris
1789
Congress passed the First Judiciary Act, which provided for an Attorney General and a Supreme Court.
1862
President Abraham Lincoln suspends the writ of habeas corpus against anyone suspected of being a Southern sympathizer.
1869
Thousands of businessmen were ruined in a Wall Street panic after financiers Jay Gould and James Fisk attempted to corner the gold market.
1870
French chemist Georges Claude, inventor of the neon lamp born
1894
E. Franklin Frazier, first African-American president of the American Sociological Society born
1896
Author F. Scott Fitzgerald in St. Paul, Minnesota. He wrote about the "Jazz Age" between World War I and World War II, and is best known for The Great Gatsby. born
1904
Sixty-two die and 120 injured in head-on train collision in Tennessee
1911
Konstantin Chernenko, president of the Soviet Union 1984-1985 born
1914
In the Alsace-Lorraine area between France and Germany, the German Army captures St. Mihiel.
1915
Bulgaria mobilizes troops on the Serbian border.
1921
ABC sportscaster Jim McKay born
1924
Actress Sheila MacRae born
1929
Lieutenant James H. Doolittle guided a Consolidated NY-2 Biplane over Mitchel Field in New York in the first all-instrument flight (demonstrating the first "blind" takeoff and landing).
1931
Actor-singer Anthony Newley born
1936
Jim Hensen, puppeteer who created the "Muppets" in 1954 and television's "Sesame Street" born
1940
Singer Barbara Allbut (The Angels) born
1942
Singer Phyliss "Jiggs" Allbut (The Angels) born
1942
Singer-musician Linda McCartney born
1942
Singer Gerry Marsden (Gerry and the Pacemakers) born
1947
The Congressional Committee on Un-American Activities met to question the German-born Hanns Eisler. He said he had briefly been a party member in 1926 but dropped out. That pretty much finished Eisler's career in America and he went back to what by then was East Germany.
1947
The World Women's Party meets for the first time since World War II.
1948
Actor Phil Hartman born
1948
Actor Gordon Clapp ("NYPD Blue") born
1948
Mildred Gillars, accused of being Nazi wartime radio propagandist "Axis Sally," pleaded innocent in Washington DC to charges of treason. (Gillars ended up serving 12 years in prison.)
1952
U-S Representative Joseph Kennedy the Second (Democrat, Massachusetts) born
1955
President Eisenhower suffered a heart attack while on vacation in Denver.
1956
First transatlantic telephone cable system begins operation.
1957
President Dwight D. Eisenhower sends federal troops into Little Rock, Arkansas, to protect nine black students entering its newly integrated high school.
1957
The Brooklyn Dodgers played their last game at Ebbets Field, defeating the Pittsburgh Pirates 2-to-0.
1958
Actor Kevin Sorbo ("Hercules born
1960
The USS "Enterprise," the first nuclear-powered aircraft carrier, was launched at Newport News, Virginia.
1962
Rhythm-and-blues singer Cedric Dent (Take 6) born
1962
The University of Mississippi agrees to admit James Meredith as the first black university student, sparking more rioting.
1970
The Soviet Luna 16 lands, completing the first unmanned round trip to the moon.
1971
Singer-musician Marty Cintron (No Mercy) born
1976
Newspaper heiress Patricia Hearst was sentenced to seven years in prison for her part in a 1974 bank robbery. (She was released after 22 months after receiving clemency from President Carter.)
1986
Congress adopted the rose as the national flower.
1986
The U.S. House of Representatives approved a budget package that even its supporters admitted relied on accounting gimmicks to help meet the government's self-imposed deficit limit in fiscal 1987.
1987
President Reagan rebuffed congressional calls to limit US forces in the Persian Gulf, and defended the recent US attack on an Iranian mine-laying vessel.
1988
Members of the eastern Massachusetts Episcopal diocese elected Barbara C. Harris the first female bishop in the church's history.
1988
Canadian sprinter Ben Johnson won the men's 100-meter dash at the Seoul Summer Olympics -- but he was disqualified three days later for using anabolic steroids.
1990
South African President F.W. de Klerk met at the White House with President Bush.
1990
The Supreme Soviet voted to give preliminary approval to a plan for switching the Soviet Union to a free-market economy.
1991
Kidnappers in Lebanon freed British hostage Jack Mann after holding him captive for more than two years.
1991
Children's author Theodor Seuss Geisel, better known as "Dr. Seuss," died in La Jolla, California, at age 87.
1992
Los Angeles Mayor Tom Bradley announced he would not run for another term.
1992
Acting Navy Secretary Sean O'Keefe stripped three admirals of their jobs for failing to investigate aggressively the "Tailhook" sex abuse scandal.
1992
Democrat Bill Clinton promised to press for a national health-care system for all Americans; the Bush campaign countered that the plan would be too expensive for average Americans.
1993
In an address at the United Nations, Nelson Mandela asked the world community to lift economic sanctions against South Africa, saying huge foreign investments were needed to prevent unrest and build a multiracial democracy.
1993
Raymond Leppard and Christopher Keene arrived to the rescue in New York. The New York Philharmonic hired the two conductors to handle concerts which were to have been conducted by Erich Leinsdorf.
1993
Sihanouk is reinstalled as king of Cambodia.
1995
Israel and the PLO agreed to sign a pact at the White House ending nearly three decades of Israeli occupation of West Bank cities.
1995
A 16-year-old boy in Cuers, France, killed 13 people before turning a gun on himself.
1996
The United States, represented by President Clinton, and the world's other major nuclear powers signed a treaty to end all testing and development of nuclear weapons.
1997
President Clinton urged the annual convention of the AFL-CIO not to try to punish Democratic lawmakers who stood with him on his request for stronger authority to negotiate new free-trade treaties.
1997
Garth Brooks ws named best entertainer by Country Music Association.
1999
Oregon teen-ager Kip Kinkel, who killed his parents and gunned down two classmates at school, abandoned an insanity defense and pleaded guilty to murder. (He was later sentenced to 112 years without parole.)
1999
A jury acquitted former Italian Premier Giulio Andreotti of the 1979 killing of a journalist.
2005
Google creates new desktop software
2005
FBI recruits for "War on Porn"
2005
Oil price jumps as Rita heads to refineries
2005
New Palm Treo will run Windows Mobile
2005
U.S. soldiers engaged in gore-for-porn swap
2005
Bomb explodes in Belarusian city
2005
Fire breaks out in Galveston
2005
Hurricane Rita makes landfall
2005
Massive traffic jams, gas shortages plug evacuation routes near Houston
2005
US army whistleblowers allege widespread torture of Iraqi detainees
2005
Sydney Swans win AFL premiership after 72 years in classic match
2005
Net skills to be taught by kids
2005
US Chief Justice candidate John Roberts' nomination goes to full Senate
2005
E-Inquiries - Bring Public Inquiries to the Net
2005
Delta Air Lines to cut up to 9,000 jobs
2005
Thousands march to demonstrate opposition to U.S.-led wars
2006
Thai junta vows retaliation against foreign media
2006
Secretary of Belgian embassy murdered in New Delhi
2006
Am I Right webmaster interviewed on radio show
2007
Seven caves found on Mars: NASA
2007
Thunderstone to support Sonata Arctica on Christmas tour of Finland
2007
India defeat Pakistan in ICC World Twenty20 final
2007
Delaware State University shooting suspect arrested
2007
Trichet attacks Europe's number one spender
2007
Woman strikes lucky betting on Champions League football
2007
Rugby World Cup: South Africa, Australia and New Zealand qualify
2007
70,000 General Motors employees go on strike
2008
President Bush: U.S. respects Pakistan's sovereignty
2008
Economic opportunities for women still lagging: World Bank and OECD
2008
First play after retirement a success for former Czech president
2008
McCain delays campaign, Obama says continue the debates
2008
Senate Committee hears bailout proposal
2009
Large hoard of Anglo-Saxon gold found in Staffordshire, England
2009
Replacement for Senator Ted Kennedy named
2009
Lightning strikes kill three in Mumbai
2009
Testimony by John Travolta that son was autistic raises Scientology questions
2009
New Michael Jackson song to be released
2009
Guinness turns 250
2010
Kenyan court jails seven pirates for 2009 attempted hijack of Maltese ship
2010
New Zealand man goes on trial in Cambodia over sex with underage girls
2010
Research in Motion to launch new tablet device
2010
'Poetry lost': rude rhyme rediscovered, attributed to John Milton
2010
American Samoa received eight minutes warning before 2009 tsunami
2011
Australian TV networks reprimanded for breaching code of practice

In the early days of Unix, a date-tagged list of historical events was used by system administrators to add some interest to the system's Message of the Day. Whenever users logged in they would be presented with the latest system notices, perhaps some mildly amusing quotes and one or two lines of historical events, based on the current date.

Today in History (UNIX calendar) uses some of the entries from the original library but is updated with current events as well. Instead of plain text, each entry is now formatted in HTML and each day may include one or more icons of historical figures or celebrities.

Other things unique to the UNIX calendar are references to dates found in fictional literature such as Lord of the Rings, perhaps undue emphasis on people and events that were part of popular culture in the 70's and technical minutiae about computers and operating systems that might not be found in other places.

In association with Amazon, this symbol is a link to related products at amazon.com. Any proceeds resulting from the sales of these products are used to defray the cost of maintaining the Today in History site and editorial efforts.

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