Church of the Holy Sepulchre at Jerusalem destroyed by Caliph al-Hakim
William of Normandy, "the Bastard," set sail from France
Roger II appointed King of Sicily
The troops of Suleiman "The Lawgiver" lay siege to Vienna
The Society of Jesus (Jesuits) recognized by the Pope
Louis XIII, King of France born
The island of Crete in the Mediterranean Sea falls to the Ottoman Turks after a 21-year siege.
Thomas Traherne, English mystical writer, poet, dies
Patriot Samuel Adams. He helped to organize the Boston Tea Party
John Adams was named to negotiate the Revolutionary War's peace terms with Britain.
Constitution submitted to the states for ratification.
Jews in France are granted French citizenship.
George Cruikshank, illustrator who did the drawings that accompanied many of Charles Dickens' early works such as Oliver Twist and A Christmas Carol. born
General Iturbide declared himself Emperor Augustn of Mexico.
In England, George Stephenson operated the first locomotive to pull a passenger train.
Franz Schubert, let a friend hear his latest three sonatas. They were to be his last.
Alfred T. Mahan, navy admiral who wrote The Influence of Seapower on History and other books that encouraged world leaders to build larger navies. born
Political cartoonist Thomas Nast born
The first great disaster involving an Atlantic Ocean liner occurred when the steamship "Arctic" sank with 300 people aboard.
Louis Botha, commander-in-chief of the Boers Army against the British and first president of South Africa born
Confederate guerrilla Bloody Bill Anderson and his henchmen, including a teenage Jesse James, massacre 20 unarmed Union soldiers at Centralia, Mo.
Wild Bill Hickok, sheriff of Hays City, Kan., shoots down Samuel Strawhim, a drunken teamster causing trouble.
Composer Joseph McCarthy ("You Made Me Love You") born
Book matches were patentedby Joshua Pusey of Lima, Pennsylvania.
Composer Vincent Youmans ("Tea for Two") born
Constance of Greece declares war on Bulgaria.
American author Louis Auchincloss born
President Woodrow Wilson opens his fourth Liberty Loan campaign to support men and machines for World War I.
Former Illinois Senator Charles Percy born
Actress Jayne Meadows (Born in China, the daughter of missionary parents.) (City Slickers, Murder by Numbers, Lady in the Lake, The Steve Allen Comedy Hour, Medical Center) [Some sources say 1926] born
Eight Chicago White Sox players are charged with fixing the 1919 World Series.
Actor William Conrad (Cannon, Jake and the Fatman, Sorry, Wrong Number, Killers, Naked Jungle; TV narrator: The Bullwinkle Show; radio: Marshall Dillon in Gunsmoke) born
"I have made a discovery that will ensure the superiority of German music for the next 100 years." That's what Arnold Schoenberg said when he developed his 12-tone method of composition. Schoenberg started his first 12-tone work, the Wind Serenade on this day.
Scientists at the Naval Aircraftt Radio Laboratory near Washington, D.C., demonstrated that if a ship passed through a radio wave being broadcast between two stations, that ship could be detected, the essentials of radar.
Movie director Arthur Penn born
The United States said it was recognizing the Nationalist Chinese government.
Actress Sada Thompson born
Actress Kathleen Nolan (The Real McCoys, Jamie, Broadside) born
Sportscaster Dick Schaap born
Actor Greg Morris (Mission Flight) born
Author Barbara Howar born
Actor Wilford Brimley (Cocoon, The Natural, Tender Mercies, The Firm, Absence of Malice, The China Syndrome, The Electric Horseman, Our House) born
Queen Elizabth launched the first Queen Elizabeth liner.
After 19 days of heavy air raids and artillery bombardment, the Polish defenders of Warsaw surrendered to the Germans.
Australian forces defeat the Japanese on New Guinea in the South Pacific.
Glenn Miller and his Orchestra performed together for the last time, at the Central Theater in Passaic, New Jersey, prior to Miller's entry into the Army.
Singer-musician Randy Bachman (Bachman-Turner Overdrive) born
Thousands of British troops are killed as German forces rebuff their massive effort to capture the Arnhem Bridge across the Rhine River in Holland.
U.S. Army and Marine troops liberate Seoul, South Korea.
Singer Meat Loaf (Marvin Lee Aday) born
"Tonight!" hosted by Steve Allen, made its debut on NBC TV.
highest-flying plane, crashes, killing the test pilot.
Singer Shaun Cassidy born
A typhoon battered the main Japanese island of Honshu, killing nearly five-thousand people.
The Warren Commission issued a report concluding that Lee Harvey Oswald had acted alone in assassinating President Kennedy.
Singer Mark Calderon (Color Me Badd) born
Actress Gwyneth Paltrow born
Nikki Hassman (Avalon) born
Congress gave final approval to forming the Department of Education, the 13th Cabinet agency in US history.
Hurricane "Gloria," having come ashore at North Carolina with winds of 130 miles-an-hour, proceeded to head up the Atlantic Coast toward New England.
The Senate joined the House of Representatives in approving the most sweeping changes in the federal tax code since World War II.
Football fans suffered through their first Sunday without football since players went on strike. (NFL owners then organized games with replacement and non-striking players.)
Mud slides in slum areas of Medellin, Colombia, killed as many as 500 people.
Three days after placing first in the men's 100-meter dash at the Seoul Summer Olympics, Canadian sprinter Ben Johnson left for home in disgrace, stripped of his gold medal by officials who said Johnson had used anabolic steroids.
The deposed emir of Kuwait delivered an emotional address to the UN General Assembly in which he denounced the "rape, destruction and terror" inflicted upon his country by Iraq.
The Senate Judiciary Committee approved the Supreme Court nomination of David H. Souter.
The PLO legislature voted to back U.S. and Soviet-sponsored Middle East peace efforts.
President Bush announced in a nationally broadcast address that he was eliminating all U.S. battlefield nuclear weapons, and called on the Soviet Union to match the gesture.
The Senate Judiciary Committee deadlocked, 7-to-7, on the nomination of Clarence Thomas to the U.S. Supreme Court.
Texas billionaire Ross Perot spoke with his supporters in Dallas on the eve of a meeting with representatives of President Bush and Democrat Bill Clinton, both of whom were hoping Perot would stay on the campaign sidelines.
Senator Kay Bailey Hutchison (Republican, Texas) was indicted on charges that, as Texas state treasurer, she'd misused state facilities and employees. (The indictment was dismissed for technical reasons; Hutchison was reindicted, and later acquitted.)
Retired General James H. Doolittle died in Pebble Beach, California, at age 96.
More than 350 Republican congressional candidates signed the "Contract with America," a ten-point platform they pledged to enact if voters sent a GOP majority to the House.
At the O.J. Simpson trial, the prosecution and defense presented dueling summations.
The government unveiled its redesigned $100 bill, featuring a larger, off-center portrait of Benjamin Franklin.
In Afghanistan, the Taliban, a band of former seminary students, drove the government of President Burhanuddin Rabbani out of Kabul, captured the capital and executed former leader Najibullah.
The space shuttle "Atlantis" blasted off, docking hours later with the problem-plagued Russian "Mir" station to drop off American David Wolf and pick up Michael Foale.
Gerhard Schroeder and his Social Democrats won national elections in Germany, following 16 years of conservative rule under Chancellor Helmut Kohl.
St. Louis Cardinal Mark McGwire's record-breaking season ended with his 69th and 70th homers.
Tiger Stadium closed in grand fashion after 87 years as the Tigers beat the Kansas City Royals, 8-2.
Arizona Sen. John McCain officially opened his campaign for the Republican presidential nomination, the same day former Vice President Dan Quayle dropped his White House bid.
Einstein's equation turns 100
Leader of Puerto Rican Peopleâ€™s Army shot, killed by FBI
Blair denies Iraq pullout
Blair: "Labour must be the party of change makers" Blair:
Anti-war protestors arrested outside White House
Brazilian football referee admits he frauduently refereed games
Suresh Joachim breaks ironing world record
Interview with Olive Rose Steele, City Council candidate for Ward 6 in Mississauga, Canada
TVNZ wins court battle to screen Rainbow Warrior court footage
New Delhi: Video shows witnesses in the Jessica Lall murder case being bribed
Gunman holding hostages in US high school in Bailey, Colorado killed
Secretly filmed talks prompt corruption allegations against Polish government
Former NHL player Tie Domi alleged to have cheated with Canadian MP Belinda Stronach
NFL star Terrell Owens hospitalized
Wrestler Kid Kash released by employer
Google services not loading for users of some ISPs
Dr Karl to run for Australian senate
Scientists discover 11 new species of life in Vietnam
Law Council of Australia criticises both parties on legal aid
Australian PM rules out economic sanctions against Myanmar
Hundreds of monks arrested in monastery raids; continue protests
17-pound baby born in Russia
Canada posts record $14 billion budget surplus
Jewelry courier robbed in Washington; three men arrested
Media reports: arrest warrant issued for Jackie Selebi, President of Interpol
"Halo 3" creates new opening day record
CanadaVOTES: Liberal Andrew Lang running in TorontoâDanforth
Hawthorn wins AFL Grand Final
Seventeen killed in Syrian car bomb blast
Hollywood legend Paul Newman dies of cancer age 83
At least nine dead after Indonesian ferry burns and sinks
Chinese astronaut walks in space
Felipe Massa takes pole for the first night Formula One race at Singapore
Study suggests oldest rocks are from Quebec
Libricide plans on ice at University of Oslo
UK government's Information Commissioner takes enforcement action against Liberal Democrat party for cold calling voters
CanadaVOTES: CHP candidate Jerome Dondo running in BrandonâSouris
CanadaVOTES: Liberal incumbent Susan Kadis running in Thornhill
CanadaVOTES: Libertarian Kevin Stricker running in SaskatoonâRosetownâBiggar
Sixteen killed in Pakistan after suicide bombings
Titanic actress Gloria Stuart dies at age 100
Southwest Airlines to purchase AirTran Airways for US$1.4 billion
President of Kosovo Fatmir Sejdiu resigns over breach of constitution
Genetic link to migraines discovered by researchers
Owner of Segway Jimi Heselden dies after scooter cliff fall aged 62
Fernando Alonso wins Singapore Grand Prix
Study: Birds learn nest building