Theodosius becomes sole ruler of Italy after defeating Eugenius at the Battle of the River Frigidus.
Venice defeats Genoa; Marco Polo taken prisoner
Sultan Murat II ends a siege of Constantinople
Return of Magellan's fleet. One of the five ships that set out in Ferdinand Magellan's trip around the world makes it back to Spain. Only 15 of the original 265 men that set out survived. Magellan was killed by natives in the Philippines.
Spanish land at St. Augustine, Florida
Death of Suliman, "the Lawgiver," called "the Magnificent" Selim II "the Sot" becomes Sultan of Turkey
Sculptor and architect Pietro Tacca, Italian (Aanbidding of the Point) born
Composer Isabella Leonarda born
149 Pilgrims set sail from England aboard the Mayflower, bound for the New World.
Spanish galleon "Atocha" sinks in hurricane; treasure found in 1985
Composer Pierre Verdier born
Endecott & Puritans land at Salem Bay Colony
Composer Sebastian Knupfer born
Composer Juan Bautista Jose Cabanilles born
Composer Johann Schelle born
Imperial troops defeat the Turks and take Belgrade, Serbia.
Amsterdam regent, banker and merchant Willem Gideon Deutz born
Composer Heinrich Nikolaus Gerber born
Heinrich Melchior Mohlenberg, founder of the US Lutheran church born
1st lighthouse in US built, in Boston.
German englightened philosopher Mozes Mendelssohn(Haksalah) born
Marie Joseph du Motier, the Marquis de Lafayette. French soldier and statesman who aided George Washington during the American Revolution. born
English physicist John Dalton. He developed atomic theory of matter. born
Austria publisher and composer Anton Diabelli born
German painter F. Wilhelm von Schadow born
A day after he finished it, Mozart's "La Clemenza de Tito" was performed in Prague. The empress didn't like it. She hailed Mozart's next-to-last opera as "German swinery."
French General Jean Houchard and his 40,000 men begin a three-day battle against an Anglo-Hanoveraian army at Hondschoote, southwest Belgium, in the wars of the French Revolution.
Catherine Esther Beecher, educator who promoted higher education for women born
Horatio Greenough, American neoclassical sculptor, writer. born
James Melville Gilliss, founded Naval Observatory in Washington. born
Thomas Blanchard of Middlebury, CT, patented a machine called the lathe. Blanchard said it was invented for the manufacturing of gun stocks. His lathe did the work of 13 operators.
The Oberlin Collegiate Institute of Ohio went co-educational.
Jane Addams known for her work as a social reformer, pacifist, and founder of Hull House in Chicago in 1889. In 1931 she became the first American woman to receive the Nobel Peace Prize. born
Union General Ulysses S. Grant's forces capture Paducah, Kentucky from Confederate forces.
The 1st westbound train arrives in San Francisco.
The last British troops to serve in Austria are withdrawn.
Southern Pacific line from Los Angeles to San Francisco completed.
Financier-diplomat-bootleger Joseph P. Kennedy born
Theatrical producer Billy Rose (Rosenberg) (songwriter of Me and My Shadow, That Old Gang of Mine, It's Only a Paper Moon, Does the Spearmint Lose Its Flavor on the Bedpost Overnight, More than You Know, Barney Google) born
President Willliam Mckinley is shot while attending a reception at the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York, by 28- year-old anarchist Leon Czolgosz. Mckinley, who dies eight days later. He becomes the third American president assassinated.
Luxury liner Lusitania leaves London for New York on her maiden voyage.
Word was received that Adm. Robert Peary had discovered the North Pole five months earlier, on April 6, 1909.
One of the most magnificent works in the entire classical repertory was premiered. Ralph Vaughan Williams's "Fantasia on a Theme by Thomas Tallis," which features two string ensembles, one small and one large, answering each other from two ends of a hall in huge.
French pilot Adolphe Pegoud first to "loop the loop."
The German Army begins a general retreat across the Aisne, with British troops in pursuit.
Jack Dempsey knocked out Billy Miske in the third round of a heavyweight title bout at Benton Harbor, Michigan.
Comedian JoAnne Worley born
The Soviet Union accuses Italy of torpedoing two Russian ships in the Mediterranean.
Country singer David Allen Coe born
South Africa declared war on Germany.
Jews over the age of six in German-occupied areas were ordered to wear yellow Stars of David.
Country singer Mel McDaniel born
The United States asks the Chinese Nationals to join with the Communists to present a common front to the Japanese.
Actress Swoosie Kurtz born
During World War Two, the British government relaxed blackout restrictions and suspended compulsory training for the Home Guard.
Comedian-actress Jane Curtin (SNL, Kate and Allie, and my favorite 3rd Rock.) born
Rhythm-and-blues musician Claydes Smith (Kool & The Gang) born
Queen Juliana of the Netherlands was crowned.
Canadian television broadcasting began in Montreal.
The last American and Korean prisoners are exchanged in Operation Big Switch, the last official act of the Korean War.
Actor-comedian Jeff Foxworthy born
The first Barbie Doll was sold this day by Mattel Toy Corporation. Today, the original Barbie, along with her pals, Ken and Skipper, are collectors items, although new versions are continually being produced.
Actor-comedian Michael Winslow ("Police Academy") born
Rock musician Perry Bamonte (The Cure) born
Pop musician Pal Waaktaar (a-ha) born
Country singer Mark Chesnutt born
Indian troops invade Lahore; Pakistan paratroopers raid Punjab.
South African Prime Minister Hendrik Verwoerd was stabbed to death by a deranged page during a parliamentary session in Cape Town.
Swaziland gains independence from Britain (National Day).
Rhythm-and-blues singer Darryl Anthony (Az Yet) born
Singer CeCe Peniston born
Palestinian guerrillas seized control of three jetliners which were later blown up on the ground in Jordan after the passengers and crews were evacuated.
Rock singer Dolores O'Riordan (The Cranberries) born
The Summer Olympics resumed in Munich, West Germany, a day after the deadly hostage crisis that claimed the lives of elevtn Israelis and five Arab abductors.
Actor Justin Whalen ("Lois and Clark"). born
Rock singer Nina Persson (The Cardigans) born
Glen Campbell hit #1 this day, when "Rhinestone Cowboy" went to number one on the Billboard pop music chart. It had reached number one on the country chart on August 23rd.
Czechoslovakian tennis star Martina Navratilova, in New York for the U.S. Open Tennis Tournament, requested political asylum.
A Soviet pilot lands his MIG-25 in Tokyo and asks for political asylum in the United States.
James Wickwire of Seattle and Louis Reichardt of San Francisco became the first Americans to reach the summit of Pakistan's K-2, the world's second-highest mountain.
Polish dissidents seized the Polish Embassy in Bern, Switzerland, and demanded an end to martial law in Poland. They eventually surrendered.
The Soviet Union admitted shooting down Korean Air Lines flight 007 five days after it happened, saying the fighter pilots involved did not know their target was a civilian aircraft.
The Soviet Union announced that Marshal Nikolai V. Ogarkov had been removed as chief of the general staff and first deputy defense minister, and had been replaced by Marshal Sergei Akhromeyev.
Country music star, Ernest Tubb, died at the age of 70. Tubb was from Crisp, Texas and was known as the Texas Troubadour. Tubb recorded "I'm Walking the Floor Over You" and sold more than three million copies of this tune. Tubb was a member of the Grand Ole Opry and was elected to the Country Music Hall of Fame in 1965.
All 31 people aboard a Midwest Express Airlines DC-9 were killed when the Atlanta-bound jetliner crashed just after takeoff from Milwaukee's Mitchell Field.
22 worshipers were killed when two gunmen attacked a synagogue in Istanbul, Turkey, with machine guns and grenades, then took their own lives.
Doctors at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore succeeded in separating seven-month-old Benjamin and Patrick Binder, twin brothers from Ulm, West Germany, who were joined at the head, after 22 hours of surgery.
A 25-hour drama began as technical problems kept a two-man Soviet space crew from returning to Earth aboard a "Soyuz" space capsule. (The problems were cleared up, and the crew landed safely the next day.)
Lee Roy Young becomes the first African-American Texas Ranger in the force's 165-year history.
The National Party, the governing party of South Africa, suffered its worst election setback in four decades in parliamentary elections, losing nearly a quarter of its seats to far-right and anti-apartheid rivals.
Iraq increased pressure on trapped Westerners, warning that anyone trying to leave without permission could face life in prison.
In the Soviet Union, the State Council, a new executive body composed of President Mikhail S. Gorbachev and republic leaders, recognized the independence of the Baltic states.
Russian legislators voted to restore the name St. Petersburg to Russia's second largest city. The city, founded in 1703 by Peter the Great, had its name changed to Petrograd in 1914 and to Leningrad in 1924.
An unidentified 35-year-old man who was the recipient of a transplanted baboon liver died at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center ten weeks after receiving the organ.
Automakers Renault of France and Volvo of Sweden announced they would merge; however, Volvo canceled the deal the following December.
President Clinton visited South Florida, where he met with residents recovering from Hurricane "Andrew."
Irish Prime Minister Albert Reynolds and Gerry Adams, the head of the IRA's political ally, Sinn Fein, made a joint commitment to peace after their first face-to-face meeting.
Baltimore Orioles shortstop Cal Ripken broke Lou Gehrig's record by playing his 2,131st consecutive game.
Los Angeles police detective Mark Fuhrman invoked his Fifth Amendment right against self-incrimination as he was called back to the witness stand at the O.J. Simpson trial.
The Senate Ethics Committee voted unanimously to recommend expulsion of Sen. Bob Packwood, accused of sexual and official misconduct.
Hurricane Luis moved away from the Caribbean after lashing resort islands.
Eddie Murray of the Baltimore Orioles hit his 500th career home run during a game against the Detroit Tigers, joining Hall of Famers Hank Aaron and Willie Mays as the only players with at least 3000 hits and 500 homers.
The death toll from Hurricane "Fran" rose to 17 in Virginia, West Virginia and the Carolinas.
Weeping masses gathered in Calcutta, India, to pay homage to Mother Teresa, who had died the day before at age 87.
Britain bade farewell to Princess Diana with a funeral service at Westminster Abbey.
Divers working off Nova Scotia found the flight data recorder from Swissair Flight 111, which had crashed, killing all 229 people on board (however, it turned out the recorder had stopped working several minutes before the crash).
Japanese movie director Akira Kurosawa died in Tokyo at age 88.
In Detroit, striking teachers and the school board agreed on a tentative agreement aimed at ending a weeklong walkout. (The teachers ratified the contract two days later.)
Wheelchair-bound Australian rescued in New Orleans
Fire kills 32 in theatre in Beni Suef, Egypt
Munich delays switch to Linux
Linux installed on 2,460 desktop computers in Italian schools
Allegations President Bush staged photo-ops in aftermath of Hurricane Katrina tragedy
French President Chirac remains hospitalized
Actor Bob Denver dies at 70
Antony & The Johnsons win Mercury Music Prize
New Orleans police officer commits suicide
Iraqi president says Saddam confessed to crimes
Girls Aloud win Popjustice Â£20 Music Prize
Colleges offering admission to displaced New Orleans students
Australian Aborigines sprayed by crop-duster
Manned mission to Mars at least 20 years away, easier than first trip to Moon
UK regulator warns MasterCard
Sony breaks UK launch sales record with PlayStation Portable
Portia de Rossi talks about Ellen DeGeneres, sexuality
Teenager sentenced to four years for manslaughter
Turkish Parliament approves sending troops to Lebanon
CalderÃ³n declared Mexican president-elect
British PM Tony Blair pressured by resignations
Princess Kiko gives birth to imperial baby boy
Israel to end Lebanon blockade
President Bush admits secret CIA detention centres
American Academy of Pediatrics supports dairy for lactose intolerant children
Pakistan President Musharraf in Kabul for talks
Rumour of Kola Nuclear accident appear to be false
Australian TV show The Chaser breaches APEC security; 11 charged
Belgian triathletes race at North Sea coast
Police called to investigate after tenant draws swastikas in landlord's house
UK jets shadow Russian bombers
Former Canadian Prime Minister Trudeau criticised in new book "Brian Mulroney: Memoirs 1939-1993"
Opera singer Luciano Pavarotti dies at age 71
Sex of recently-born panda still a mystery
Ousted PM Thaksin bemoans freezing of Swiss assets
'Invitational Games for the Deaf, Taipei 2008' starts, new slogan for 2009 Summer Deaflympics unveiled
Japan's Prime Minister Fukuda announces resignation
Rachel Rice wins Big Brother UK's series
Interim report blames ice for British Airways 777 crash in London
Bristol Organic Food Festival lauched, 100 thousand expected to attend
NSW Premier Iemma quits, replaced by Rees
Corks fly in wine truck fire in Wyoming, US
Nine people die after Philippine ferry sinks
Oregon running back LeGarrette Blount's college football career ends with a punch
Australian rules football: West Gippsland Football League Semi Finals
Man charged with attempted murder in Â£40 million London jewel heist
Van Jones environmental jobs adviser to US President Barack Obama resigns
Two jockeys killed in fire in North Yorkshire, England
Independent Member of Australian Parliament calls for better indigenous policy
Six dead in arson attack in Bridgetown, Barbados
Nine dead after small plane crashes in New Zealand
Samsung releases its first tablet computer
Australian rules football: Gippsland Football League semi finals
Obama announces plan to build roads, railroads and runways
Shooting at diner in Carson City, Nevada
On the campaign trail, August 2012
Prince Harry meets Maddison Elliott, youngest Australian Paralympic gold medallist ever
Al Jazeera website restored after Al-Rashedon hack
IPC drops Pistorius, South African-requested prosthetic cheating investigation
Wheelchair rugby gets underway at London Paralympics