According to the Roman historian Varro, Romulus founded the city of Rome
Death of St. Simon Barsabba'e
Death of Leovigild, King of the Visgoths
Death of Pope Alexander II
Adhemar and Raymond's armies of the 1st Crusade arrive in Constantinople
Death of St. Anselm, Archbishop of Canterbury
Peter Abelard, French theologian dies
Henry the VIII became King of England when his father, Henry the VII, died. Shortly afterward, he married his brother's widow, Catherine of Aragon.
Pedro Paez discovers the source of the Blue Nile
The House of Commons, in defiance of the House of Lords, passes a Bill of Attainder against the Earl of Strafford
The Maryland Toleration Act, which provided for freedom of worship for all Christians, was passed by the Maryland assembly.
Friedrich Froebel, inventer of the first kindergarten. He founded the first kindergarten in 1837 in Blankenburg, Germany. born
John Adams was sworn in as the first vice president of the United States.
Haydn was introduced to King George the Third. It was reported that the King said, "You've written a great deal." Haydn said, "Yes, Sire, a great deal more than is good!" To which the King said, "Oh, no, the world contradicts that."
Charlotte Bronte, the author of Jane Eyre, in Thornton, England. She wrote in the preface of "Jane Eyre,"; "Conventionality is not morality." born
English novelist Charlotte Bronte born
James Starley, English inventor of the geared bicycle born
An army of Texans led by Sam Houston defeated the Mexicans at San Jacinto, assuring the independence of Texas. The 900 Texans caught the 1,200 Mexicans taking a siesta. The entire confrontation took only 18 minutes.
Naturalist John Muir born
The first railroad train crossed the first railroad bridge over the Mississippi, between Rock Island, IL, and Davenport, IA. A river pilot damaged it two weeks later and Abraham Lincoln represented the railroad.
Congress establishes US Mint in Denver, Colorado.
German sociologist Max Weber born
Woodville Latham demonstrated the first use of a moving picture projected on a screen in New York City.
Author Samuel Langhorne Clemens, better known as Mark Twain, died in Redding, Connecticut.
The zipper was patented by Swedish engineer Gideon Sunback. He improved on an 1813 design of Whitcomb Judson called a clasp-locker, which often jammed. Zippers were first used in World War I and appeared on civilian clothes in the 1920's.
Ice skater Werner Groebli ("Mr. Frick") born
Baron Manfred von Richthofen, the German ace known as the "Red Baron," was killed in action during World War I. He is credited with having shot down 80 Allied planes.
Britain's Queen Elizabeth the Second, born Elizabeth Alexandra Mary in London. Although today is her birthday, it is always celebrated in June at the Trooping of the Colours.
Italian actress Silvana Mangano born
Actress-comedian-writer Elaine May born
Actor-turned-talk show host Charles Grodin born
Singer-songwriter Ernie Maresca born
The quiz show that asked the "$64 question," "Take It or Leave It," premiered on CBS Radio.
Singer-musician Iggy Pop born
Singer-songwriter Paul Davis born
Actress Patti LuPone born
The Jerome Lawrence-Robert Lee play "Inherit the Wind," loosely based on the Scopes trial of 1925, opened at the National Theater in New York.
Leonard Ross, age 10, became the youngest prizewinner on a big time quiz program. The youngster won $100,000 on "The Big Surprise" for knowing about his specialty -- stocks.
Actress Andie MacDowell born
Rock singer Robert Smith (The Cure) born
Rock musician Michael Timmins (Cowboy Junkies) born
Brazil inaugurated its new capital, Brasilia, transferring the seat of national government from Rio de Janeiro.
Actor John Cameron Mitchell ("Party Girl") born
A Greek army coup in Athens sent King Constantine into exile in Italy.
Rapper Michael Franti (Spearhead) born
Japanese marathon runner Yoshiaki Unetani won the Boston Marathon finishing first in a record field of 1,152.
Comedian Nicole Sullivan ("MAD TV") born
Apollo 16 astronauts John Young and Charles Duke explored the surface of the moon in an electric car (LEM). (The car is still up there along with some expensive tools and film that we forgot to bring home.)
Nguyen Van Thieu resigned as president of South Vietnam after denouncing the United States as untrustworthy. His replacement, Tran Van Huong, prepared for peace talks with North Vietnam as communist forces advanced on Saigon.
The musical play "Annie" opened on Broadway, beginning a run of 2,377 performances.
Rosie Ruiz was the first woman to cross the finish line at the Boston Marathon; she was later exposed as a fraud.
Former first lady Betty Ford, undergoing treatment at Long Beach Memorial Naval Hospital in California, disclosed in a statement that she was addicted to alcohol as well as a drug she had been taking for arthritis.
The head of the Centers for Disease Control said he believed a virus discovered in France was the cause of the disease AIDS.
The president-elect of Brazil, Tancredo de Almeida Neves, died after an illness that had prevented his swearing-in the previous month as the country's first civilian president in two decades.
A vault in Chicago's Lexington Hotel that was linked to Al Capone was opened during a live TV special hosted by Geraldo Rivera; aside from a few bottles and a sign, the vault was empty.
The United States, Britain and France vetoed a U.N. Security Council resolution condemning the U.S. air raid on Libya.
The Senate panel investigating the Iran-Contra affair voted to grant limited immunity to President Reagan's former national security adviser, Rear Admiral John M. Poindexter.
Special occasion stamps were offered for the first time by the U.S. Postal Service. "Happy Birthday," "Get Well" and other messages were offered.
Tennessee Senator Al Gore gave up his bid for the Democratic presidential nomination, telling his supporters, "There will be other days for me and for the causes that matter to us."
Tens of thousands of people crowded into Beijing's Tiananmen Square, cheering students who waved banners demanding greater political freedoms.
Pope John Paul II was greeted by hundreds of thousands of people as he visited Czechoslovakia to help celebrate the nation's peaceful overthrow of Communism.
U.S. Marines in northern Iraq began building the first safe-haven settlement for Kurdish refugees. General H. Norman Schwarzkopf arrived at MacDill Air Force Base in Florida to a hero's welcome.
Robert Alton Harris became the first person executed by the state of California in 25 years as he was put to death in the gas chamber for the 1978 murder of two teen-age boys.
Bernard Haitink guest-conducted the Boston Symphony in "Four Sea Interludes from 'Peter Grimes'"; the American premiere of "Some Days" by Turnage; and the Brahms First Symphony.
An 11-day siege at the Southern Ohio Correctional Facility near Lucasville, Ohio, ended after rioting inmates reached an agreement with prison officials.
The U.S. House of Representatives passed a $28 billion "Get tough on crime" bill by a vote of 285-141.
Eddie Murray, of the Cleveland Indians, hit home runs from both sides of the pale for a record 11th time. Mickey Mantle held the record at 10.
The FBI arrested former soldier Timothy McVeigh at an Oklahoma jail where he'd spent two days on minor traffic and weapons charges; he was charged in connection with the Oklahoma City bombing two days earlier.
President Clinton and Boris Yeltsin traded warm compliments and played down nagging differences, insisting their election-year summit in Moscow was not being influenced by presidential politics.
Oddsmaker Jimmy "The Greek" Snyder died at age 76.
The Olive Tree coalition, including many former communists, won more than a third of all the seats in the lower house of the Italian parliament.
Inder Gujral was sworn in as India's new prime minister.
Police in Franklin, New Jersey, arrested two teen-agers they say lured two pizza deliverymen to an abandoned house before opening fire, killing both men. (Both suspects are awaiting trial.)
The swollen Red River, which had flooded 75 percent of Grand Forks, North Dakota, reached a projected crest of 54 feet, 26 feet above flood stage.
Astronomers announced in Washington they had discovered possible signs of a new family of planets orbiting a star 220 light-years away, the clearest evidence yet of worlds forming beyond our solar system.
Actor and bandleader Charles "Buddy" Rogers died in Rancho Mirage, Calif., at age 94.
A day after the mass killing at Columbine High School in Littleton, Colo., investigators continued their work, while memorial services were held across the city and dozens of counselors offered support to grieving students, parents, friends and family.
The lower house of the Russian parliament overwhelmingly approved the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, which would oblige Russia to end all nuclear test explosions.
Iran shuts down Al-Jazeera bureau
Advocate poll: GLAAD support not unanimous in U.S. gay commmunity
Melbourne's tram-driving teen faces more charges
Fatal dog mauling owner pleads â€œNot Guiltyâ€
Iraqi PM Allawi survives fifth attempted assassination
France still a hot topic on college campuses
Major US bankruptcy reform bill signed into law
Civil unrest forces out Ecuador's president
Breakthrough in talks between Philippine government, Muslim rebels
New England Senators brawl over imported pharmaceuticals
Partnership for a Drug-Free America study finds 1 in 5 teens abused prescription drugs
Kucinich asks Bush about alleged US support for armed insurgency in Iran
Nepal's King Gyanendra cracks down on protests; 3 dead
Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II turns 80
7.7 magnitude earthquake strikes Kamchatka peninsula
King of Nepal to restore democracy
Condoleezza Rice will visit Greece and Turkey
Nigeria announces clearing of Paris Club debt
Employees of Mumbai's bus service BEST announce indefinite strike
Pakistan says senior al-Qaeda official killed in shootout
Oil prices surge over $75 a barrel to a record high
Strong 6.3 magnitude earthquake reported in Papua New Guinea
Space tourist returns to Earth after 14 day trip
Cricket World Cup: England vs West Indies
Blue Angels navy plane crashes in South Carolina
Kent Hovind's April appeal denied
Pigs fed contaminated pet food; meat sold to consumers
Evacuated Bristol families return home
Australian Bureau of Statistics faces budget cut
British foreign secretary: 'President Mugabe persists in his ambition to steal the election'
Pope concludes visit to US with Mass at Yankee Stadium
Pyrotechnics at Ecuador nightclub rock concert trigger 15-fatality fire
Northern Cyprus opposition party wins elections
San Francisco mayor Gavin Newsom to run for governor of California
Modern technology maps new sections of the Great Wall of China
Discovery of smallest exoplanet yields 'extraordinary' find
Coleman appeals Franken victory in Minnesota Senate race
Death toll from Chinese earthquake passes 2,000
US Supreme Court overturns ban on videos depicting animal cruelty
Ash-triggered flight disruptions cost airlines $1.7 billion
Former IOC President Samaranch dies at 89
Riot at Sydney, Australia's Villawood Detention Centre continues
France, Italy, UK sending military advisers to Libya; photojournalists killed in Misrata
Security forces open fire on anti-government protestors in Syria
Maroochydore defeat University in week five of Sunshine Coast Rugby Union