Death of St. Laurence, famous Roman martyrs. A deacon of Pope Sixtus II, whom he followed to death.
St. Eugenius was consecrated as pope. He served to 0657.
John, King of Bohemia born
Hugh de Pairaud, Treasurer of the Templars, signs a private agreement of mutual support with Philip IV ("the Fair") King of France
Albert II, King of Germany born
Coronation of James III as King of Scots
Election of Sixtus IV as Pope
Election of Alexander VI as Pope
Henry VII of England rewards John Cabot for the discovery of Canada with 10 Pounds
Magellan leaves Spain to circle the world
Cartier enters the Gulf of St. Laurence, Canada
Lutherian clergyman and song writer Philipp Nicolai. (O morning star! how fair and bright, Wake, awake for night is flying) born
Russia makes peace with Poland and gives up claims to Livonia
Richelieu persuades Marie de Medici into peace
Anglican Clergyman William Vesey. Vessy street in New York City is named for him. born
Edmund Jennings Randolph, the first U.S. attorney general born
A committee of Benjamin Franklin, John Adams and Thomas Jefferson suggested the United States adopt "E pluribus unum" - `Out of many, one' - as the motto for its Great Seal.
During the French Revolution, mobs in Paris attacked the palace of Louis XVI. The king was taken into custody, put on trial for treason later that year, and executed the following January.
German Jewish scholar Leopold Zunz. Founder of the science of Judiasm. born
Ecuador gains it's independence.
Missouri became the 24th state.
Theologian and author George P. Fisher. Professor of Yale Divinity School !1854-1901) born
Chicago, Illinois was incorporated on this day, not as a village with a population of less than 200.
Birth of Mary A. Lathbury, American Sunday School leader and poet. Daughter of a Methodist preacher, two of Lathbury's poems later became popular hymns: "Break Thou the Bread of Life" and "Day is Dying in the West." born
Congress chartered the Smithsonian Institution, named after English scientist James Smithson, whose bequest of half a million dollars had made it possible.
Anglican theologian, author and teacher Frederick J. F. Jackson. born
The first milk inspectors in the U.S. were appointed for duty in Boston, Massachusetts.
O.B. Brown of Malden, Massachusetts, patented the motion picture projector.
Philosopher and author William E. Hocking. He emphasized the religious aspects of philosophy. (The Meaning of God in Human Experience) born
Herbert Clark Hoover, the 31st president of the United States, was born in West Branch, Iowa.
Leo Daft opened America's first commercially operated electric streetcar, in Baltimore, Maryland
Paul Hutchinson, religious writer an editor. He was managing editor of Christian Century from 1924 - 1956. born
The American composer Douglas Moore was born. born
Do you know what the "Proms" are? Everyone in London knows the "Promenade Concerts," a summer series launched on this day by Henry Wood and Robert Newman.
Actress Norma Shearer born
Pope Benedict XV issued a constitution which allowed priests to offer 3 masses of requium on All Saints Day.
Actor Noah Beery, Jr. (Walking Tall, Seven Faces of Dr. Lao, Fastest Gun Alive, Million Dollar Kid) born
Franklin D. Roosevelt was stricken with polio at his summer home on the Canadian island of Campobello.
Actress Rhonda Fleming (Marilyn Louis) (Stage Door, The Best of Broadway, Little Egypt, Inferno) born
Junior Samples (comedian born
Bluegrass singer-songwriter Jimmy Martin born
Baseball player Rocky (Rocco) Colavito (Cleveland Indians home runs in a row [6/10/1959]) born
Singer Bobby Hatfield (The Righteous Brothers) born
Singer Ronnie Spector born
during World War Two, American forces overcame remaining Japanese resistance on Guam.
On the day after the second atomic bombing, Japan announced its willingness to surrender to the Allies, provided the status of Emperor Hirohito remained unchanged.
Rock singer-musician Ian Anderson (Jethro Tull) born
William Odom set a solo record by completing a round-the-world flight in 73 hours and five minutes, landing at Chicago's Douglas Airport.
Allen Funt's "Candid Camera" made its TV debut on ABC with the title "Candid Microphone," which was also the name of a radio program produced by Funt.
Country musician Gene Johnson (Diamond Rio) born
The National Military Establishment was renamed the Department of Defense.
Actor Daniel Hugh Kelly born
Workers at the Studebaker plant in South Bend, Indiana, agreed to take pay cuts of from $12 to $20 weekly in an attempt to help the faltering automaker. The plan didn't help and the automaker was soon out of business.
Elvis Presley made one of his first professional appearances at Overton Park in his hometown of Memphis, Tennessee. He used the occasion to debut his new record, "That's All Right (Mama)." He was a big crowd pleaser.
Actress Rosanna Arquette born
Actor Antonio Banderas born
Rock musician Jon Farriss (INXS) born
Singer Julia Fordham born
Rhythm-and-blues singer Lorraine Pearson (Five Star) born
Rock musician Todd Nichols (Toad The Wet Sprocket) born
Singer-producer Michael Bivins born
Leno and Rosemary LaBianca were murdered in their Los Angeles home by members of Charles Manson's cult, one day after actress Sharon Tate and four other people were slain.
The composer Bernd Alois Zimmermann committed suicide in Konigsdorf. Zimmermann was 52 and despondent over learning that he was going blind.
Actress Angie Harmon ("Law & Order") born
For the first time in his golfing career, Arnold Palmer failed to make the cut for the final two rounds of the PGA Golf Championship. This one was in Cleveland, Ohio.
Postal employee David Berkowitz was arrested in Yonkers, New York, accused of being "Son of Sam," the gunman responsible for six slayings and seven woundings.
The United States and Panama reached agreement in principle to transfer the Panama Canal to Panama by the year 2000.
Rhythm-and-blues singer Nikki Bratcher (Divine) born
Pete Rose tops Stan Musial's record of 3630 hits.
In Lebanon, leftist Druse gunmen kidnapped three Cabinet ministers, demanding the resignation of the entire Cabinet. The ministers were released unharmed the next day.
Nevada's chief U.S. district judge, Harry Claiborne, was convicted on tax evasion charges. It was the first conviction of a sitting federal judge.
The women's 3,000-meter race at the Los Angeles Summer Olympics ended for Mary Decker of the U.S. when she fell after colliding with South African-born Zola Budd. The race was won by Romanian Maricica Puica.
In South Africa, relative calm returned to Durban's black and Indian townships, where days of rioting had claimed dozens of lives.
Michael Jackson paid $47.5 million for ATV Music, the Northern Songs Catalogue of the Beatles' copyrights, which includes 251 songs written by John Lennon and Paul McCartney.
Madonna's album,"Like A Virgin", became the first solo album by a female artist to be certified for sales of five million copies.
Billy Martin's uniform number, "1," was retired by the New York Yankees. He was the 13th Yankee great to receive the honor.
A team of U.S. arms control experts arrived in Moscow for special talks aimed at preparing for a new U.S.-Soviet summit.
President Reagan said he would nominate C. William Verity Junior, a retired steel company executive, to replace the late Malcolm Baldrige as commerce secretary.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average closed above 2600 for the first time.
A Chorus Line celebrated its 5,000th performance. An estimated that 25 million theatre goers had seen the musical since it opened in 1975. A Chorus Line became the longest-running show on The Great White Way on September 29, 1983 and ended its Broadway run in 1990.
President Reagan signed a measure providing $20,000 payments to Japanese-Americans interned by the US government during World War Two.
Poland's Roman Catholic church suspended an agreement to move nuns from a convent on the edge of Auschwitz, blaming Jewish groups for creating what it called an "atmosphere of aggressive demands.""
Washington, D.C., Mayor Marion Barry was convicted of a single misdemeanor drug charge and acquitted on another; the judge declared a mistrial on 12 other counts.
Nine Buddhists were found slain at their temple outside Phoenix, Arizona. Two teenagers were later arrested in the killings; one pleaded guilty to murder, the other was convicted of murder.
The Revolutionary Justice Organization, one of the groups holding hostages in Lebanon, announced it would release an American within 72 hours. (the next day, Edwards Tracy was freed.)
China agreed in principle to sign the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty.
President Bush met at his Kennebunkport, Maine, vacation home with Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin; afterward, Bush announced that Mideast peace talks would resume in two weeks in Washington.
Ruth Bader Ginsburg was sworn in as the second female justice on the U.S. Supreme Court.
President Clinton signed a massive deficit-reduction bill into law.
President Clinton claimed presidential immunity in asking a federal judge to dismiss, at least for the time being, a sexual harassment lawsuit filed by Paula Corbin Jones, a former Arkansas state employee.
Three men were arrested in Germany after undercover police confiscated 13 ounces of plutonium smuggled into the country aboard a flight from Moscow.
Michael Fortier, who'd been implicated in the April bombing of the federal building in Oklahoma City, pleaded guilty in a plea-bargain agreement that required him to testify for the prosecution.
Norma McCorvey, "Jane Roe" of the 1973 Supreme Court decision legalizing abortion, announced she had joined the anti-abortion group Operation Rescue.
Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols were charged with 11 counts in the Oklahoma City bombing (they later pleaded innocent).
Cascading power outages hit parts of nine western states.
Bob Dole completed the Republican ticket by announcing former housing secretary Jack Kemp as his running mate.
US envoy Dennis Ross met separately with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat in an attempt to restart the Mideast peace process.
Secretary of State Madeleine Albright announced a $2 million reward for information leading to the conviction of the terrorists who bombed US embassies in Kenya and Tanzania, killing 224 people, including 12 Americans.
A gunman opened fire at a Jewish community center in Los Angeles, wounding three boys, a teen-age girl and a woman; hours later, a gunman shot and killed letter carrier Joseph Ileto; a suspect, white supremacist Buford O. Furrow, faces charges in both shootings.
Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez met with Iraqi President Saddam Hussein, defying the United States by being the first head of state to visit Iraq since the Gulf War
Oil in Alberta spill may be carcinogenic
Detroit chemical plant experiences explosions, fire; residents evacuated
Volcanic activity expands McDonald Island off Australia
Greenpeace tries to thwart Chesapeake Bay fishing fleet
Fourteen dead as passenger helicopter crashes off Estonia
NAFTA dismisses US claims of Canadian violation of Trade Agreement rules in softwood lumber dispute
Slovenian alpinist rescued from Himalayan peak
Detroit chemical plant experiences explosions, fire; residents evacuated/Brief
Israel pushes further into Lebanon
New Zealand Maori angry over US tattoo kit
Google to warn users about "bad" websites
War Crimes Act amendments to indemnify retroactively
Kim Gevaert wins women's 100m final at European athletics championships
Londoner hit by train, Underground closed at Marble Arch Station
Senior Chinese official executed for spying for Taiwan
Opera singer Luciano Pavarotti hospitalized
Human Rights Torch Relay Night held in Taiwan
Markets dragged down by credit crisis
Migrant workers in Dominos Pizza 'slavery'
Third death following RAF helicopter crash in North Yorkshire, UK
Swimmer Michael Phelps of the U.S. wins first gold medal of Summer Olympics, breaks world record
Georgia withdraws from South Ossetia
Olympic highlights: August 10, 2008
Eight killed in suicide bombing in Algeria
Soul singer Isaac Hayes dies at age 65
Palestinian poet Mahmoud Darwish dies at age 67
Swiss mountain claims two lives
Several large explosions reported in Xinjiang, China
Russian minister: South Ossetia reporting biased in Western media
Massive explosion in North Toronto, Ontario
No tsunamis after two major earthquakes strike islands near India and Japan
Pilot error blamed for July crash of Aria Air Flight 1525 in Iran
Al-Jazeera poll shows many Pakistanis identify America as 'biggest' threat
600 people missing after typhoon hits Taiwan
British man charged with double murder in Iraq
Bronislaw Komorowski sworn in as president of Poland
Juan Montoya wins second career NASCAR Sprint Cup race
Former US Senator Ted Stevens among five killed in Alaska plane crash
British scholar Tony Judt dies aged 62
Actress Patricia Neal dies aged 84
Fiona Donnison jailed for murdering her children in UK
Riots in England continue for a fourth night
Finnish police to receive guidance on Internet 'hate speech'
Ghana buries late President Mills