Justinian, Emperor of Byzantium, begins to rebuild Italy
Death of St. Maximus the Confessor
Zwendibold, King of Lorraine, killed in battle
Election of Paschal II as Pope
Philip de Milly of Nablus enters the Templar Order
Death of St. Narses the Gracious
William Caxton, 1st English printer - 1st to print a book in English language: Recuyell of the Histories of Troy born
Death of John Nider, philosopher
Spanish conqueror Hernando Cortez captured present-day Mexico City from the Aztec Indians. Tenochtitlan was the chief.
In Roanoke, Virginia, Manteo becomes the first Native American to be baptized as a Protestant, into the Church of England. He was converted by members of Sir Walter Raleigh's expedition to the New World.
French King Louis the 13th named Cardinal Richelieu his first minister.
General Albrecht von Wallenstein fired by Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor
Christiaan Huygens discovers the Martian south polar cap.
Folli performs 1st blood transfusion (between animals)
Johann Christoph Denner, invented the clarinet. born
Charles II orders the suppression of pamphlets written by John Milton
The first Welsh immigrants to the American colonies arrived in Pennsylvania. They were Quakers, and settled near modern Philadelphia.
The Battle of Blenheim was fought during the War of the Spanish Succession, resulting in a victory for English and Austrian forces.
Count Nicolaus Ludwig von Zinzendorf, then 27 years old, organizes Bohemian Protestant refugees into the Moravian community of "Unitas Fratrum" (united brotherhood)
Social reformer Lucy Stone. born
The American flag was raised for the first time in Los Angeles.
Sharpshooter Annie Oakley born
Scottish inventor John Baird, a pioneer in television technology. born
William Gray patented the coin-operated telephone.
Film director Alfred Hitchcock. born
Actor Charles "Buddy" Rogers born
The first taxicab took to the streets of New York City.
Ira D. Sankey dies at the age of 68. He was Dwight Moody's song evangelist from 1870. During their revival crusades, Sankey penned many hymn tunes, of which the most enduring today are HIDING IN THEE and SANKEY.
St. Joseph's College in Philadelphia, PA was granted the first experimental radio license - by the U.S. Department of Commerce .
Television evangelist Rex Humbard. This pioneer radio and television evangelist established the Cathedral of Tomorrow in Akron, Ohio (1958), from which he afterward based his television ministry. born
Fidel Castro Ruz, Cuban revolutionary and dictator. born
Actor Pat Harrington born
Capt. Frank Hawkes set an air speed record by flying from Los Angeles to New York in 12 hours, 25 minutes.
Adolf Hitler rejected the post of vice-chancellor of Germany, saying he was prepared to hold out "for all or nothing."
Former US Surgeon General Joycelyn Elders born
The satirical comic strip "Li'l Abner," created by Al Capp, made its debut.
Blues singer-musician Son Seals born
Walt Disney's animated feature ''Bambi'' premiered at Radio City Music Hall in New York City.
Actress Gretchen Corbett born
Opera singer Kathleen Battle born
Dan Fogelberg, musician. born
Actor Danny Bonaduce born
Central African Republic proclaims independence from France.
The first two-way telephone conversation by satellite took place with the help of "Echo One."
Berlin was divided as East Germany, closed the Brandenburg Gate, sealed off the border between the city's eastern and western sectors in order to halt the flight of refugees. Two days later, work began on the Berlin Wall.. The Berlin wall stood as a barrier to freedom for the East Germans until November 9, 1989.
Actress Quinn Cummings born
Country singer Andy Griggs born
Exotic dancer Sally Rand died in Glendora, California. Rand, who was pushed out of Hollywood when sound came. She is famed as the most lauded fan dancer of the 20th century. Rand performed this sensual dance at the World's Fair in 1933 and was promptly arrested for being obscene.
Lou Brock of the St. Louis Cardinals became the 14th player in major league baseball history to reach 3,000 career hit plateau.
President Jimmy Carter was nominated for a second term by the Democratic National Convention in New York and picked Walter Mondale as his running mate. They lost in November to Ronald Reagan and George Bush.
In a ceremony at his California ranch, President Reagan signed a historic package of tax and budget reductions.
In his Saturday radio address, President Reagan complained that most Americans were confused about his Central America policy, and the U.S. was trying to combat the rise of "ruthless, communist dictators as in Cuba."
An ebullient President Reagan personally congratulated America's medal-winners from the just-completed Summer Olympics at a breakfast in Los Angeles, calling them heroes who had shown the world that the U.S. is "truly a nation of champions."
During a speech in Cameroon, Pope John Paul II asked modern Africans to forgive the Christians who for 400 years uprooted millions of Africans from their homes to be slaves in Europe and America.
Eunice Kennedy Shriver announced the engagement of her daughter, CBS Morning News reporter Maria Shriver, to "Pumping Iron" and "Conan the Barbarian" star Arnold Schwarzenegger.
The Senate approved President Reagan's request for $100 million in aid to the Nicaraguan contras.
A rented Piper Cherokee airplane flew close to President Reagan's helicopter in restricted airspace over Southern California; the pilot and passenger of the plane were arrested.
On the fifth anniversary of a bull market, the Dow Jones Industrial Average closed at 2691.49 after briefly surpassing 2700.
Vice President George Bush was contemplating a list of potential running mates as Republicans gathered in New Orleans for their party's national convention.
Searchers in Ethiopia found the wreckage of a plane which had disappeared almost a week earlier while carrying Texas Congressman Mickey Leland and 15 other people. There were no survivors.
Basketball star Magic Johnson postponed indefinitely his wedding to long-time fiancee Earletha Kelly. "We're still together and everything, but we're just going to wait," the three-time NBA Most Valuable Player said.
President Bush ordered Defense Secretary Dick Cheney to the Persian Gulf for the second time since Iraq invaded Kuwait. Meanwhile, American combat troops in Saudi Arabia were told to prepare for a long stay.
Iraq transferred between $3 billion and $4 billion in gold bullion, foreign currencies and goods seized from Kuwait to Baghdad, Arab bankers in London reported.
Clark Clifford resigned as chairman of First American Bankshares Inc., a bank holding company the government said had been illegally acquired by the Bank of Credit and Commerce International. (Clifford and law partner Robert Altman were indicted in 1992 on charges of lying to regulators and receiving bribes from BCCI; Altman was acquitted at trial, and remaining charges against both men were dropped.)
President Bush announced that Secretary of State James A. Baker the Third was leaving his diplomatic post to be White House chief of staff in a shakeup designed to energize his re-election campaign.
Comedian, actor and director Woody Allen began legal action against actress Mia Farrow to win custody of their three children. A judge ruled against Allen in June 1993.
A gunman dressed in military fatigues went on a shooting spree in a plant nursery in Watsonville, California, killing three people and wounding four others before killing himself.
Negotiators for the United States, Canada and Mexico announced they had resolved side issues concerning the proposed North American Free Trade Agreement.
Researchers at Harvard's Medical School reported that aspirin, long believed to help reduce the risk of heart disease, also helps prevent colon cancer.
Veteran entertainer Red Skelton was among the inductees into the Radio Hall of Fame.
In his weekly radio address, President Clinton put Congress on notice that he wouldn't give up an assault weapons ban as the price to revive a crime bill stalled on Capitol Hill.
Baseball Hall of Famer Mickey Mantle died at a Dallas hospital of rapidly spreading liver cancer; he was 63.
At their convention in San Diego, Republicans delivered a blistering critique of President Clinton's record, portraying the Democratic incumbent as an unprincipled liberal conning voters with pretend election-year conservatism.
US envoy Dennis Ross wrapped up a four-day mission to the Middle East, during which he'd persuaded the Palestinians to resume security cooperation with Israel.
President Clinton led the nation in mourning 12 Americans killed in a pair of US embassy bombings in Africa. Standing before black hearses carrying ten of the bodies, the president pledged to seek justice "for these evil acts."
Gunmen shot to death Colombian humorist Jaime Garzon in a killing that authorities later blamed on the leader of the country's right-wing paramilitary.
Tennis player Steffi Graf retired from the sport she had dominated for two decades.
Somalia swore in legislators for its first central government after almost a decade of internecine warfare.
On the eve of the Democratic National Convention in Los Angeles, 3500 protesters demonstrated against police brutality and in support of Mumia Abu-Jamal, on death row for killing a Philadelphia police officer.
Sri Lanka's foreign minister killed in sniper attack
Ministry reveals the details of their new album
Concerns about health situation in UK and Austria
Israeli greenhouses to be preserved after Gaza pullout
Veteran U.S. attorney appointed to oversee Plame inquiry
Talks with TGWU and Gate Gourmet to resume later today
Palestinians arrested in West Bank raids
Iraqi constitution met by Sunni resistance
Activists remember Burundi's Gatumba massacre
H5N1 bird flu confirmed in the Netherlands
Australian government to introduce electronic Medicare rebates
Firefighters tackle industrial blaze in Manchester
South Africa sets deadline in land transfer scheme
Dead British soldier named
Forest fires continue to rage in Spain
International AIDS conference begins in Toronto
UK terror alert downgraded to "Severe"
Most Tokyo power restored after blackout
Karl Rove, senior political advisor to President Bush will resign
World Deaf Swimming Championships Day 2: An intensive matchday
Russian polar submarine TV footage faked
India wraps up Test cricket series win in England
American philanthropist Brooke Astor dies at 105
Annual Perseids meteor shower visible in northern hemisphere
World Deaf Swimming Championships Day 1: European swimmers rise up
Christian youth camp directors charged with dragging 15-year-old girl behind van
Officials admit that China faked part of Olympics opening ceremony
Olympic highlights: August 13, 2008
Hezbollah strengthening, according to Israeli Defense Minister
Sandy Allen, world's tallest woman dies at age 53
US to deliver humanitarian aid to Georgia
Arkansas Democratic party chairman assassinated by gunman
American professional wrestler Karl Von Hess dies at the age of 90
Woman found guilty of killing fiancÃ© by drink driving in Bath, England
Vestas plant in Newport, England shuts down
India begins shutdowns in Mumbai to limit spread of H1N1 swine flu virus
Womenâs boxing to be included in the 2012 Olympics for the first time
Golf and rugby set to return to the Olympic Games
Iranian passenger jet's wheel catches fire
US 'Big Brother' "live" eviction taped for the first time
France and Germany resume growth, exit recession
Gas explosion reported in Hammersmith, London
Two roadside bombs kill at least 14 in Afghanistan
Government shuts off water to California farms in controversial effort to help threatened species
British gemstone expert killed by mob in Voi, Kenya
Westchester County, NY to build affordable housing for non-whites
Number of unemployed in the UK climbs to 2.4 million
Apple Japan to replace overheating iPod Nanos
Phone hacking scandal prompts media review in Australia
Renewed concern over nuclear response following atomic bomb anniversary
China sends its first aircraft carrier to sea
David Cameron responds to rioting, promises changes on policing
Shell reports oil leak at North Sea platform
Russian government confirms gay protesters to be arrested at Olympics
44 worshippers shot dead at Nigerian mosque