Death of Libius Severus, Emperor of the West
Siege of Constantinople raised
Charlemagne's rear guard, returning from Spain, attacked by Basques; Death of Roland
Death of St. Stephen, King of Hungary
MacBeth, King of Scotland, killed by Malcolm MacDuncan, son of King Duncan.
Lanfranc becomes Archbishop of Canterbury
Malcolm III, King of Scotland, invades England
The First Crusade sets out for Jerusalem
St. Anthony of Padua born
Surrender of Carcassone (Albegensian "Crusade")
Michael VIII usurps the Byzantine throne
The Kami Kaze, the "Divine Wind," destroys the invading Mongol fleet off Japan
Slavs of Tver, Russia, massacre the Mongol population
Poet Luigi Pulci, Italy born
The completion of the "Mainz Psalter," the earliest specifically dated printed book. (3 years after Gutenberg.) The printer's names were Peter Schoeffer and Joachim Fust, which last is the origin of the legend of "Faust." The Psalter was printed in a calligraphic style, and all the books were "written" identically, giving rise to the story of Faust's pact with the Devil.
Foundation of the Jesuits
Mary, Queen of Scots, arrives in France
Flemish cartoonist/copper plate Hubertus Quellinus, born
"Mayflower" sets sail from Southampton with 102 Pilgrims
1st recorded hurricane in America, Plymouth Colony
Cromwell lands in Ireland
Frederick-William I, king of Prussia (1713-1740) born
Italian rococo painter and etcher Francesco Zuccarelli born
Composer Ferdinando Bertoni born
Composer Johann Georg Holzbogen born
Composer Johann Christoph Kellner born
Napoleon Bonaparte born on the island of Corsica. born
Scottish novelist Sir Walter Scott (Ivanhoe, The Talisman) born
Sir James Douglas, father of British Columbia. born
Paganini helped Napoleon celebrate his birthday by playing a sonata on the G-string.
M. Waldo Hanchett of Syracuse, NY patented the dental chair.
Longtime Chicago White Sox owner Charles Comiskey born
Actress Ethel Barrymore (Blythe) ( None But the Lonely Heart; The Farmer's Daughter) born
Pulitzer Prize-winning novelist Edna Ferber ( So Big, Show Boat, Cimarron, Saratoga Trunk, Ice Palace, Giant) born
T.E. Lawrence, the British soldier who gained fame as "Lawrence of Arabia," (Tremadoc, Wales). born
Procter & Gamble Company of Cincinnati, OH, introduced Crisco hydrogenated shortening this day.
Cooking expert Julia Child born
Actress Dame Wendy Hiller (Separate Tables; A Man for All Seasons, Murder on the Orient Express, Pygmalion, The Elephant Man, Toys in the Attic, David Copperfield) born
An American ship sailed from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean, officially opening the Panama Canal.
Conservative activist Phyllis Schlafly born
Rhythm-and-blues singer Bill Pinckney (The Drifters) born
Country singer Rose Maddox born
Actress Rose Marie (Curley) (The Dick Van Dyke Show, Hollywood Squares, The Doris Day Show, My Sister Eileen) born
Actor Mike Connors (Krekor Ohanian) (Mannix, Tightrope, Today's F.B.I., Sudden Fear) born
Jazz musician Oscar Peterson born
Movie director Nicolas Roeg born
Singer-producer Bobby Byrd born
Civil rights activist Vernon Jordan born
Humorist Will Rogers and aviator Wiley Post were killed when their airplane crashed near Point Barrow, Alaska.
Supreme Court Justice Stephen Breyer born
The M-G-M musical "The Wizard of Oz" premiered at the Grauman's Chinese Theater in Hollywood.
During World War Two, Allied forces landed in southern France.
Author-journalist Linda Ellerbee born
Proclaimed "V-J Day" by the Allies, a day after Japan agreed to surrender unconditionally. In a recorded radio message, Emperor Hirohito called upon the Japanese people to "bear the unbearable" and lay down their arms.
Songwriter Jimmy Webb born
India became independent after some 200 years of British rule. Jawaharlal Nehru became India's first prime minister.
The Republic of Korea was proclaimed.
Britain's Princess Anne born
Artur Schnabel died in Switzerland. He was 69. Schnabel was the first man to record all 32 of Beethoven's piano sonatas.
34 people were killed when rain-swollen streams carrying boulders and other debris tore through Lynmouth, England.
Actor Larry Mathews ("The Dick Van Dyke Show") born
The Congo (Brazzaville) gains it's independence.
Rock singer-musician Matt Johnson born
East German workers began building the Berlin Wall.
Actress Debra Messing ("Will and Grace") born
The Woodstock Music and Art Fair opened in upstate New York. The three-day concert on or near Yasgur's Farm in Bethel, New York, featured 24 bands and drew a crowd of more than 400,000 people.
President Nixon announced a 90-day freeze on wages, prices and rents.
Actress Natasha Henstridge born
South Korean President Park Chung-hee escaped an assassination attempt in which his wife was killed.
Andrew Young resigned as U.S. ambassador to the United Nations after criticism for an unauthorized meeting with the U.N. observer for the Palestine Liberation Organization.
Lionel Richie and Diana Ross hit number one on the pop music charts this day, with "Endless Love." It remained number one for nine weeks.
Six-month-old Lisa Harap of Queens Village, New York became the youngest, identifiable living person to appear on the cover of "Time Magazine.""
President Reagan, speaking in New Orleans, likened his Central America policy to the citizens' crime-fighting program "Neighborhood Watch," saying that "outside troublemakers and bullies will think twice.""
America's Olympic medal winners were honored with a ticker-tape parade in New York, an event marred when a scaffold rail collapsed, injuring about a hundred spectators.
Pete Rose returned to become player and manager of the Cincinnati Reds after being away from his hometown for six years. Rose had been in Philadelphia and Montreal.
South African President P.W. Botha delivered an internationally broadcast speech in which he rejected calls to dismantle apartheid, saying it would lead white South Africans "on a road to abdication and suicide."
The U.S. Senate voted 84-14 to approve a strengthened package of economic sanctions against South Africa, including a ban on importing South African steel, textiles, uranium, coal and agricultural produce.
More than 13.5 inches of rain drenched the Chicago area, causing more than $100 million in damage.
Thousands of people marched past the grave of Elvis Presley in Memphis, Tennessee, as they began an all-night vigil marking the tenth anniversary of his death.
President Reagan bade a sentimental farewell on the first night of the Republican national convention in New Orleans, and praised the man destined to succeed him, Vice President George Bush.
F.W. de Klerk was sworn in as acting president of South Africa, one day after P.W. Botha resigned as the result of a power struggle within the National Party.
In an attempt to gain support against the U.S.-led coalition in the Persian Gulf, Iraqi President Saddam Hussein offered to make peace with longtime enemy Iran, saying he would pull troops out of territories seized from the Iranians.
The U.N. Security Council, by a vote of 13-1, authorized Iraq to export $1.6 billion worth of oil in a tightly controlled sale to pay for desperately needed food and medicine.
The congressional budget office disclosed that the federal deficit would rise to a record $362 billion.
While Republicans were gathering in Houston for their national convention, President Bush was spending a weekend at Camp David, his renomination secure.
4 people were killed and as many as 20 wounded in a shooting spree at a Caribbean nightclub near Miami.
Vietnam blamed Hollywood for creating the "myth" that U.S. servicemen are still being held in Indochina.
Nearly 400 Palestinians who'd been deported from Israel to southern Lebanon in 1992 agreed to Israel's terms for their return.
Pope John Paul the Second ended his four-day US visit with a farewell address at Denver's Stapleton International Airport in which he denounced the "culture of death" of abortion and euthanasia.
An Egyptian surrendered peacefully after hijacking a Dutch jet to Germany to demand the US release Muslim cleric Sheik Omar Abdel-Rahman.
Pope John Paul II conducted mass for up to 400,000 people at the World Youth Day festival south of Denver.
Ilich Ramirez Sanchez, the terrorist known as "Carlos the Jackal," was jailed in France after being captured in Sudan.
The Justice Department agreed to pay $3.1 million to white separatist Randy Weaver and his family to settle their claims over the killing of Weaver's wife and son during a 1992 siege by federal agents at Ruby Ridge, Idaho.
Pioneering TV journalist and Timex watch pitchman John Cameron Swayze died in Sarasota, Florida, at age 89.
Frederick Martin Davidson, a graduate student at San Diego State University, shot and killed three engineering professors (Davidson was later sentenced to three life terms in prison).
Bob Dole claimed the Republican presidential nomination at the party's convention in San Diego, offering himself as the "bridge to a time of tranquility" and describing himself as "the most optimistic man in America."
The Justice Department decided against prosecuting senior FBI officials in connection with an alleged cover-up that followed the deadly 1992 Ruby Ridge siege in Idaho.
The government expanded its recall of ground beef sold under the Hudson brand name to 1.2 million pounds because of new evidence of possible contamination by E. coli bacteria.
Twenty-nine people were killed by a car bomb that tore apart the center of Omagh, Northern Ireland; a splinter group calling itself the Real IRA claimed responsibility.
President Clinton and his family went house hunting in Westchester County, N.Y. (They later settled on a house in Chappaqua.)
Tiger Woods won the PGA Championship, becoming the youngest player to win two majors since Seve Ballesteros.
Orioles' Palmeiro gets mixed baseball fan greeting
Gaza Strip pullout under way
Chelsea signs Essien for Â£26 million
60th anniversary of the end of the war in Asia and Pacific commemorated
U.S. study of gay sheep may shed light on sexuality
Third Ashes test ends in a draw
Former northeastern US Republican campaign director charged with conspiracy
Car bombing in Chechnya kills boy
Coroner makes first post mortems of Athens airliner crash victims; text message was a hoax
New Zealand pilot selling uniform online
New Zealand Maori Queen dies
Heavy hailstorms leave Sydney appearing snowed in
Victoria, Australia - fuel theft on the increase
Australian company to make solar power with space technology
Rae gains support in Canadian Liberal leadership race
Former Israeli prime minister Ariel Sharon develops double pneumonia
Tanker spills 1000s of tonnes of crude oil off Nicobar Islands
CBC looks for Winnipeg news program host
Dell recalls potentially incendiary laptop batteries
Israel pulling back from Lebanon
AIDS Conference: Clinton and Gates defend Bush program
New drug for smoking cessation is under investigation
Ex-President Gerald Ford admitted to Mayo Clinic
Experiment on frozen sperm raises hopes of "restoring" extinct mammals
Former NBA ref surrenders to charges he bet on games he officiated
Reports: US to label Iran's Revolutionary Guard as 'terrorist organization'
Three men arrested under suspicion of organising dog fights in southern Finland
Yasser Arafat may have had HIV
Big Island residents prepare for arrival of Flossie
Former US Speaker of the House Hastert planning to retire
Mathematical summer school in Turkey closed for "teaching without a permit"
World Deaf Swimming Championships Day 4: Three athletes break world record
Tropical storm Erin forms in Gulf of Mexico
Ukraine implements tougher rules on Russian navy
Sensitive Canadian document found on rainy streets
Olympic highlights: August 15, 2008
Fire destroys fourth floor of hotel in Darlington, England
Ceasefire signed in Georgian-Russian conflict
Former Chadian leader receives death sentence
Swedish wrestler throws away Olympic bronze medal, leaves
Founder and CEO of Rockmount Ranchwear Jack Weil dies at age 107
'Bigfoot' hunters claim to have found corpse of mythical creature in Georgia, USA
United States and Poland sign missile-defence deal angering Russia
Musharraf spokesperson denies resignation
Abdelbaset Ali al-Megrahi moves to drop Lockerbie bombing appeal
Venice hotel sells rooms for one cent a night after pricing error
Cargo ship Arctic Sea may be found
Four killed, four others injured in Buffalo, New York shooting
Islamic insurgents kill three in Thailand
Second earthquake in eleven days hits New Britain, Papua New Guinea
Syrian naval vessels, ground troops attack port of Latakia
Glasgow, Scotland shooting leaves two hospitalised
U.S. Presidential candidate Michele Bachmann narrowly edges Ron Paul in Ames Straw Poll
Explosion sinks Indian Navy submarine