Athenian army besieging Syracuse fails to retreat because of an eclipse; later trapped & destroyed
Death of St. Caesarius of Arles
Death of Pope Eugenius II
Marguerite, wife of Henry Plantagenet, "the Young King," crowned Queen of England
King Guy of Jerusalem lays siege to Acre
Death of King Louis IX (St.) of France
Josquin des Prez died. Josquins compositions were known all over Europe. Everyone from Rabelais to Martin Luther wrote favorably of him. Almost a hundred motets by Josquin have survived. They show a stronger sense of harmony than is apparent in older music.
Henry VIII, King of England, accedes to the Peace of Cambrai
Duke of Parma, general and diplomat Alessandro Farnese born
Defeat of Kett's Rebellion
Composer Hans Leo Hassler born
Death of Tiziano Vecelli, known as "Titian," painter
Composer Simon Besler born
John White sails for England from Roanoke Island
Dutch flower painter Maria van Oosterwijck born
Death of St. Joseph Calasanz
Composer Johann Samuel Welter born
1st English expedition to cross the Alleghenies leaves Ft. Henry, Va.
John Milton's books were burned in London because of the author's attacks on King Charles II.
An opera on the story of Pygmalion, composed by Rameau, was premiered in Paris on this date. It's a Greek tale about a sculptor who falls in love with a statue he has made of a beautiful young woman. Aphrodite brings the statue to life for him.
Dutch theologist Herman Muntinghe, (History of Mankind) born
German philosopher Georg Hegel (dialectic) born
The German philosopher Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel was born in Stuttgart.
The French National Assembly adopted the Declaration of the Rights of Man.
Hannibal Hamlin, (R) 15th Vice President of the U. S. (1861-65) born
Uruguay was formally proclaimed independent at preliminary peace talks between Brazil and Argentina.
Flemish theologist and bishop of Bridge, Gustave J Waffelaert born
The first cabled news dispatch was sent to and published by The New York Sun newspaper. The story was about China meeting the peace demands of England and France.
Mathematician Giuseppe Peanoin Cuneo born
Colonel Edwin L. Drake drilled the first successful oil well in the United States near Titusville, Pennsylvania. The drilling had reached 69 feet, 6 inches when a dark film floating on the water below the derrick floor was noticed.
Charles Gates Dawes, (R) 30th Vice President of the U. S. (1925-29, Nobel Prize winner in 1925) born
Novelist Theodore Dreiser (Sister Carie, American Tragedy) born
German chemist Karl Bosch (BASF, Nobel Prize winner of 1931) born
English auto maker Charles Rolls born
Movie mogul Samuel Goldwyn born
The island volcano Krakatoa blew up; the resulting tidal waves in Indonesia's Sunda Strait claimed some 36,000 lives in Java and Sumatra.
Actor Harry Antrim, (Miracle on 34th St, Devil's Doorway) born
Boxer Jack Dempsey was defeated for the first time in his career as George LaBlanche used the "pivot" punch to knock out Dempsey. The punch was later banned from boxing.
Charles G. Conn of Elkhart, Indiana, received a patent for the metal clarinet.
Fire seriously damaged New York's original Metropolitan Opera House, located at Broadway and 39th Street.
Congress passed the Wilson-Gorman Tariff Act, which contained a provision for a graduated income tax that was later struck down by the U.S. Supreme Court.
Actor Byron Foulger (River's Edge, Up in Smoke) born
English historical novelist Cecil Scott Forester (Horatio Hornblower) born
Lyndon Baines Johnson, 36th president of the United States born
Nobel Peace laureate Mother Teresa born
The book "Tarzan of the Apes" was first published by writer Edgar Rice Burroughs.
J.E. Clair, who owned the Acme Packing Company, bought a pro football franchise for Green Bay, Wisconsin. He decided to pay tribute to those who packed the meat at his processing plant by naming the team the Green Bay Packers.
Cajun-country singer Jimmy C. Newman born
The Kellogg-Briand Pact, outlawing war as a means to settle international disputes, was signed by 15 nations in Paris. World War II began scarcely 11 years later.
Bluegrass singer-musician J.D. Crowe born
At a poetry reading by Archibald MacLeish, another poet, in a fit of jealousy, set fire to some papers in order to disrupt the recital. That jealous poet, incidentally, was Robert Frost.
Adolf Hitler served notice on England and France that Germany wanted Danzig and the Polish Corridor.
Musician Daryl Dragon (The Captain and Tennille) born
Actress Tuesday Weld born
Rock singer-musician Tim Bogert born
Actress Marianne Sagebrecht born
American troops began landing in Japan following the surrender of the Japanese government in World War Two.
Ex-porn star Harry Reems ("Deep Throat") born
Actress Barbara Bach born
Country musician Jeff Cook (Alabama) born
Singer Willy DeVille born
Rock musician Alex Lifeson (Rush) born
Actress Diana Scarwid born
Writer-producer Dean Devlin ("Independence Day") born
The United States launched the "Mariner Two" space probe, which flew past Venus the following December.
Rock musician Mike Johnson (Dinosaur Jr.) born
Brian Epstein, manager of the Beatles, was found dead in his London flat from an overdose of sleeping pills.
Rap musician Bobo (Cypress Hill) born
Rock musician Tony Kanal (No Doubt) born
U.S. warplanes began bombing Haiphong, North Vietnam's major port.
Haile Selassie, the last emperor of Ethiopia's 3,000-year-old monarchy, died in Addis Ababa at the age of 83 almost a year after he was overthrown in a military coup.
Actress Sarah Chalke ("Roseanne") born
British war hero Lord Louis Mountbatten was killed off the coast of Ireland in a boat explosion claimed by the Irish Republican Arms
Rock musician Jon Siebels (Eve 6) born
Divers off Massachusetts began work to recover a safe found aboard the remains of the luxury liner Andrea Doria which sank in 1956.
President Ronald Reagan announced that a schoolteacher would be the first "citizen astronaut" to fly aboard the space shuttle. (The eventual choice, Christa McAuliffe, died in the Challenger disaster in January 1986.)
"The Menetta Lane Theater" in Greenwich Village opened. It was the first new off-Broadway theater to be built in 50 years in New York City. The ribbon cutting was done by "America's First Lady of the Stage," Helen Hayes.
A new face joined the group of journalists on CBS-TV's "60 Minutes" program. Diane Sawyer became the fifth reporter on the always top-rated TV newsmagazine. Mike Wallace, Morley Safer, Harry Reasoner and Ed Bradley welcomed Sawyer to the show.
The space shuttle Discovery blasted off from Cape Canaveral, Florida, on a seven-day mission that included the launch of three satellites, and the retrieval, repair and redeployment of another.
Defense Secretary Caspar Weinberger canceled the Army's $1.8 billion "Sergeant York" weapon system as ineffective.
President Reagan's chief spokesman, Larry Speakes, said the administration was worried about new terrorists plots by Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi, but refused to say whether there was evidence to back up that concern.
Nolan Ryan of the Houston Astros earned career win number 250 by leading the Astros to a 7-1 victory over the Chicago Cubs.
A Soviet Foreign Ministry official said his country was studying a proposal by West German Chancellor Helmut Kohl to dismantle his country's 72 aging "Pershing One-A" missiles if the superpowers destroyed all their intermediate-range weapons.
Tens of thousands of civil rights marchers gathered in Washington DC on the eve of the 25th anniversary of Martin Luther King's "I Have a Dream" speech.
The first U.S. commercial satellite rocket was launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida -- a Delta booster carrying a British communications satellite.
52 Americans reached freedom in Turkey after they were allowed to leave Iraq; three young men originally in the group, however, were detained by the Iraqis. In Washington, the State Department ordered the expulsion of 36 Iraqi diplomats.
Warning of impending "catastrophe," Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev threatened to resign unless the Soviet Union's splintering republics could at least preserve a military and economic alliance.
In a split vote, the American Bar Association gave Supreme Court nominee Clarence Thomas a "qualified" rating.
The Soviet republic of Moldavia declared its independence. The European Community recognized Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania as independent nations.
President Bush ordered federal troops to Florida for emergency relief in the wake of Hurricane "Andrew."
Serbian leaders at the Yugoslav peace conference pledged to close the prisoner-of-war camps, end "ethnic cleansing" and work toward peace.
Canada's Supreme Court struck down as unconstitutional a law that would have prevented a man from claiming the Nazi Holocaust was a hoax.
The U.N. Security Council suspended a crippling, 2.5-month-old oil embargo and other economic sanctions against Haiti to spur the country's return to democracy. The sanctions were reimposed the following October.
The State Department said the United States and Cuba had agreed to resume talks on Cuban migration with the hope of stemming the flow of refugees headed toward Florida.
American and Chinese officials agreed to begin planning a fall summit between President Clinton and Chinese President Jiang Zemin.
First lady Hillary Rodham Clinton addressed the Democratic convention in Chicago, forcefully making her husband's case for re-election while rebutting her Republican critics.
California Governor Pete Wilson signed an executive order aimed at halting state benefits to illegal immigrants.
Actor Greg Morris ("Mission his Las Vegas home; he was 61.
Former Agriculture Secretary Mike Espy was charged with seeking and accepting more than 35-thousand dollars in trips, sports tickets and favors from companies that did business with his agency. (Espy is scheduled to go to trial 10/1/98.)
Israel lifted a month-long blockade of Bethlehem that was imposed after a suicide bombing July 30th that killed 16 people.
Two suspects in the bombing of the US Embassy in Kenya were sent to the United States to face charges that could carry the death penalty.
The Federal Communications Commission announced new government wiretapping rules intended to help law enforcement authorities keep pace with advances in phone technology. (However, a federal appeals court later threw out some of the new rules, citing privacy concerns.)
Writers meet weekly at Ashland Underground
Swedish Wikipedia reaches 100,000 articles
Two arrests made in Zotob worm attack
UK study claims men have higher average I.Q. than women
Lance Armstrong disputes French doping results
Shoppers World hosts arts event
Wine cork prevents fuel leak on train
Afghani heroin shipment shot down in Tajikistan
Canadian soldiers kill Afghan police officer
Eleven year-old boy arrested on suspicion of assaulting a four year-old boy in East Yorkshire
British soldier shot and killed in southern Afghanistan
Guantanamo inmate Murat Kurnaz transferred to Germany and released
Chad orders oil companies out of the country
5 Afghans, Canadian soldier injured in mortar attack
National Geographic reporter faces espionage charges in Sudan
Tropical Storm Ernesto nears the US Coast
Deadline to release Muslim prisoners passes, Gaza-held journalists released
Afghanistan sees worst days of violence since 2001
MLB: Houston Astros fire manager Phil Garner and GM Tim Purpura
Nick Hogan, son of wrestling star Hulk Hogan 'seriously injured' in vehicle accident
Gift of footballs from United States offends Afghans inadvertently
Serbian firefighters shot at from Kosovo
Cricket: England beat India in third one-day international
Hot air balloon fire kills two, injures eleven in Canada
Greece on fire, death toll exceeds 60
U.S. Attorney General Alberto Gonzales resigns
Opium production in Afghanistan reaches record highs
Prescott to stand down as UK MP
Italian political leader threatens forcible rebellion against government
Finland offers helicopters, personnel to assist Greece with forest fires
Horse flu spreads in Australia
Oldest Catholic boarding school in Australia at centre of child-sex claims
No assassination plot against US presidential candidate Barack Obama
Kevin Duckworth, former NBA All-star and Trail Blazer dies age 44
Canadian military exercise NANOOK travels through uncharted waters
Australian Police alerted to child-sex claims at St Stanislaus in 1997
World Bank says more people are poor, but fewer are in extreme poverty
Israeli-American activist arrested for entering Gaza Strip
Police remove valuables from unlocked cars
Air France passenger jet intercepted by Indian Air Force
Sergey Mikhalkov, Russian writer, dies at 97
Extrasolar planet will most probably fall into its star
Cast of BBC's Strictly Come Dancing announced
Federal Aviation Administration proposes US$24.2m fine against American Airlines
Apple to hold media event on September 1, may update iPods and Apple TV
Airliner crashes in China, 42 killed
Australia's Channel Nine Network sacks two journalists for faking footage
Australians make Paralympic Village uniquely their own
Athletes prepare for Summer Paralympics at the Paralympic Fitness Centre
Tropical Storm Isaac creates worries across US gulf states
Iraq: Shootings, bombings kill dozens in Baghdad, Baquba, Qiyara, Madaen