Magnus Maximus, usurping Roman Emperor, executed by Theodosius
Death of St. Augustine of Hippo. The greatest of the Latin church fathers, his City of God was one of the pillars upon which the church of the Middle Ages was built.
Persian physician Rhazes, [Abu Bakr Mohammed ibn Zakarijja al-Razi] born
Death of King Louis the German
The Ciompi march on the government of Florence, Italy
St. Andrew's University, Scotland, chartered
Francs-Archers, regular French infantry, created
Japanese painter Motonoboe (Kano-school) born
Founding of San Fransisco de Quito, Ecuador
Death of Francesco Mazzola
Pedro Menendez de Aviles arrives at Fort Caroline, which he re-names St. Augustine, Florida
George Villiers, Duke of Buckingham born
Henry Hudson discovered Delaware Bay.
Election of Ferdinand II as Holy Roman Emperor
Governor John Winthrop of the Massachusetts colony holds his first court session
In Poland, King Vladislav IV convened the Conference of Thorn. Through it he sought to bring reunion among the 26 Catholic, 28 Lutheran and 24 Calvinist theologians in attendance. Discussions continued through November, but no satisfying theological fusion was achieved.
Colchester surrenders to Fairfax
Death of Count Axel Oxenstjerna of Sweden
Composer Conrad Michael Schneider born
Composer Carolomannus Pachschmidt born
Pergolesi's comic opera "La serva padrona" ("The Maid Mistress") was premiered in Naples. Pergolesi staged a more serious opera the same night, and put the lighter work between the acts of the more somber work. Pergolesi's music would later inspire Stravinsky's "Pulcinella."
German poet, novelist and dramatist, social philosopher Johann von Goethe (Faust) born
German author Johann Wolfgang von Goethe was born in Frankfurt.
Mother Elizabeth Ann Seton, the first American-born saint, was born in New York City.
Elizabeth Ann Bayley Seton, 1st American Catholic saint (1975) born
Composer Sophie Gail born
Archbishop Johannes Zwijsen, (Utrecht Netherlands) born
Belgian Bishop of Roermond Joannes A Paredis born
French philosopher and mathematician, Antoine A Cournot (rule of Cournot) born
Poet, Percy Bysshe Shelley, eloped with Harriet Westbrook this day.
Composer Walter Cecil Macfarren born
Composer Teresa Milanollo born
Leo Tolstoy, Russian novelist and social reformer whose works emphasize Christian love and the teachings of Jesus. born
Composer Albert Dietrich born
The passenger-carrying, train locomotive, The Tom Thumb, was demonstrated for the first time at Baltimore, MD. It was the first locomotive of its kind built in America.
Lucy Ware Webb Hayes, 1st lady (1877-81) born
Composer Fredrick Vilhelm Ludvig Norman born
Pre-Raphaelite painter and designer Edward Burne-Jones born
Ira D. Sankey, Dwight Moody's song evangelist. During their revival crusades (from 1870), Sankey penned many hymn tunes; among the most enduring today are HIDING IN THEE ("O Safe to the Rock That is Higher Than I") and SANKEY ("Faith is the Victory"). born
Flemish painter and graphic artist Willem Linnig jr. born
Wagner's opera, Lohengrin, was performed for the first time.
U.S. astrophysicist George Hoyt Whipple (Nobel prize winner 1934) born
Actor Charles Boyer (Algiers, Fanny, Barefoot in the Park) born
Actor Charles Boyer (Around the World in 80 Days, Barefoot in the Park, Casino Royale, The Mad Woman of Chaillot, Algiers) born
First U.S psychologist Bruno Bettelheim born
Actor Sam Levene ( A Dream of Kings, Three Men on a Horse) born
Two teens from Seattle, Jim Casey and Claude Ryan, start a local delivery service. They called it the American Messenger Company. Years later, the name was changed to United Parcel Service.
Italy's declaration of war against Germany took effect during World War One.
Ten suffragists were arrested as they picketed the White House.
Actress Nancy Kulp (The Beverly Hillbillies, The Bob Cummings Show, The Brian Keith Show, The Three Faces of Eve) born
The first-ever radio commercial aired on station WEAF in New York City (the ten-minute advertisement was for the Queensboro Realty Company, which had paid a fee of 100 dollars).
Actress Peggy Ryan (Jenny-Hawaii Five-0) born
Country singer Billy Grammer born
Actor-dancer Donald O'Connor born
Defense Secretary William S. Cohen born
Baseball manager Lou Piniella born
Actress Alice Playten born
Legendary bullfighter Manolete was mortally wounded by a bull during a fight in Linares, Spain; he died the following day at age 30.
Singer Wayne Osmond (The Osmonds) born
Campus Crusade for Christ was incorporated in Los Angeles by founder Bill Bright. Today, CCC is an evangelical organization training Christian leaders in over 90 countries around the world.
Figure skater Scott Hamilton born
Bohuslav Martinu died in Switzerland. He was 69 years old and suffering from stomach cancer. Martinu was a prolific Czech composer whose best music is very good. His Double Concerto is an interesting piece for piano and two string orchestras.
200,000 people participated in a peaceful civil rights rally in Washington DC, where Dr. Martin Luther King Junior delivered his "I Have a Dream" speech in front of the Lincoln Memorial.
Country singer Shania Twain born
The Democratic party nominated Hubert Humphrey for president as thousands of anti-Vietnam war demonstrators battled police in the streets and parks of Chicago.
Actor Jason Priestley (Beverly Hills 90210, Sister Kate, Calendar Girl, Tombstone, The Boy Who Could Fly) born
Olympic swimmer Janet Evans born
More than 520 people died as an earthquake shook central Mexico.
Rock singer-musician Max Collins (Eve 6) born
John W. Hinckley Junior pleaded innocent to charges of attempting to kill President Reagan (he was later acquitted by reason of insanity).
Country singer LeAnn Rimes born
Actor Michael Galeota born
Former Wall Street Journal reporter R. Foster Winans Jr. and two others were indicted in New York in an alleged stock fraud scheme based on insider trading. (Winans was later convicted of conspiracy and fraud and sentenced to 18 months in prison
About 1,000 people gathered in Augusta, Maine, to attend a memorial service for Samantha Smith, the young peace advocate who had died with her father in a plane crash.
Soviet spy Jerry Whitworth was sentenced in San Francisco to 365 years in prison and fined $410,000.
Movie director John Huston died in Middletown, Rhode Island, at age 81.
A fire damaged the Arcadia, Florida, home of Ricky, Robert and Randy Ray, three hemophiliac brothers infected with the AIDS virus whose court-ordered school attendance sparked a local uproar. (The Ray family moved to Sarasota.)
Seventy people were killed when three Italian stunt planes collided during an air show at the US Air Base in Ramstein, West Germany, sending flaming debris into the crowd of spectators.
More than 50 people were killed in the Philippines in an unsuccessful coup attempt against President Corazon Aquino.
Jim Bakker's fraud and conspiracy trial opened in Charlotte, North Carolina, with opening arguments from the prosecution and defense.
Iraqi President Saddam Hussein, saying he sympathized with his foreign captives, pledged to free detained women and children.
A fourth and fifth college student victims of an apparent serial killer were found near the University of Florida at Gainesville.
Iraq declared Kuwait the 19th province of Iraq, renamed Kuwait City Kadhima and created a new district named after Saddam Hussein.
Twenty seven people were killed and more than 350 injured when a tornado struck Will County, southwest of Chicago.
Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev ordered a shake-up of the KGB and had his cabinet sacked in the wake of the failed hard-liners' coup attempt.
A New York subway operator was charged with manslaughter after his train derailed, killing 5 people and injuring 133.
Veteran Representative Nicholas Mavroules, D-MA, pleaded innocent to federal charges of racketeering, tax evasion and accepting bribes.
The US government mounted two huge relief operations, rushing food and drinking water to hurricane-ravaged Florida while US cargo planes landed in Somalia with tons of food for African famine victims.
The Bosnian Parliament ordered President Alija Izetbegovic back to talks on ending 17 months of war with demands to squeeze out more territory for the Muslim-led government.
A Drug Enforcement Administration plane crashed in a remote area of Peru's cocaine-producing jungle, killing five U.S. agents.
Chase Manhattan and Chemical Bank announced a $10 billion deal creating the biggest bank in the nation.
California Gov. Pete Wilson formally entered the GOP presidential race.
A mortar shell tore through a crowded market in Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina, killing 38 people and triggering NATO airstrikes against the Bosnian Serbs.
Democrats nominated President Clinton for a second term at their national convention in Chicago.
The troubled 15-year marriage of Britain's Prince Charles and Princess Diana officially ended with the issuing of a divorce decree.
US troops became more deeply embroiled in a violent power struggle among Bosnian Serbs, firing tear gas and warning shots to fend off rock-hurling Serb mobs.
After nearly a year of legal challenges, California's affirmative action ban, Proposition 209, became law.
President Clinton, speaking in Oak Bluffs, Massachusetts, said he'd become such an expert in asking forgiveness in recent days that it was now "burned in my bones." But he still stopped short of offering a direct apology for the Monica Lewinsky affair.
Three crewmen aboard the Mir space station returned safely to Earth after bidding farewell to the 13-year-old Russian orbiter. (The Russian government had planned to abandon Mir this year because of a shortage of funds, but has since extended its mission.)
Service cutoff extended for unresponsive U.S. VoIP users
First suicide attack since Israeli pullout occurs in Beersheba
First encyclopedic dictionary of the Black Sea released
Hawaii, US beats Curacao in Little League World Series Championship
Mandatory evacuation declared in New Orleans, US
Australian MPs demand Islamic headscarf ban in schools
PlayStation 3 will be used to help cure cancer and Alzheimer's
49 dead after Comair regional jet crashes in Kentucky
Multiple bombs set off in Turkish resort
Pakistan on high alert as violence spreads in Balochistan
TV3 banned from New Zealand Parliament for three days
Ministry of Defence names dead British soldier
South Dakota killer wants to drop death sentence appeals
Iraq; Another day of violence in Baghdad and the south
Austrian teenager mourns captor's suicide
Afghanistan: 17 killed, 47 injured in Afghan suicide attack on market
Russian fire-fighting helicopter crashes in Antalya, Turkey
Pentagon considers using non-nuke ICBMs for preemptive strikes against alleged "terrorists"
Amnesty: "looming human rights crisis" in Darfur
English Premier League 2007/08: Kieron Dyer suffers suspected broken leg
Obesity rates rise across most of the U.S.
Idaho senator arrested for disorderly conduct
Glasgow factory firm lands fine of Â£400,000
Australians enjoy second lunar eclipse for 2007
Black boxes retrieved from lost Indonesian airliner after eight months
Emergency inspections ordered on all Boeing 737s in aftermath of China Airlines explosion
Families angered at Â£400,000 fine imposed on Stockline Plastics
Pakistan test fires nuclear-capable cruise missile
AllOfMP3.com to reopen soon
Sweden suspends commercial flights to Iraq amid allegations of attempted shootdown
Carling Cup: Match abandoned after player collapses
UEFA Champions League 2007/08: Liverpool complete safe passage
Law will delay University of Minnesota strike
Sen. Larry Craig claims innocent of lewd conduct
Greek opposition attacks government on wildfires tragedy
UEFA Champions League 2007/08: Rangers through after tense draw
Horse racing in NSW, Queensland cancelled indefinitely
European football: Sevilla player dies after collapsing during game
Pakistan's governing coalition breaks apart
WWE wrestler John Cena undergoes neck surgery after injury
Australian school at center of child-sex allegations pulls newsletter mentioning 'Penthouse' as recommended reading
Phil Hill, first American to win the Formula One championship, dies at age 81
UK house prices have fallen 10.5% this year, says Nationwide Building Society
73M-year-old fossilized fish found in Canada
Sheep sells for Â£231,000 at auction
Air Berlin to code-share with American Airlines and Finnair by November
Glenn Beck to hold controversial 'Restoring Honor' rally at Lincoln Memorial
Oil-eating microbe found in the Gulf of Mexico
Tropical Storm Irene passes over New York
Preparedness for Paralympic Games differs between National Paralympic Committees
IPC criticizes US Paralympic coverage
International Paralympic Committee holds first press conference
Maria Lourdes Sereno becomes the first female Philippine Chief Justice
makes five Paralympic Games for CÃ´te d'Ivoire
UN observers in Syria fired upon as report alleges US warplanes readying attack