Death of Henry I, King of France, Philip I becomes King of France
Coronation of Henry I, King of England
Richard de Clare, 7th Earl of, 8th Earl of Clare, 6th Earl of Hertford Gloucester, the most powerful English noble of his time. He held estates in more than 20 English counties, including the lordship of Tewkesbury, wealthy manors in Gloucester, and the great marcher lordship of Glamorgan. born
Calais surrenders to Edward III
Pope Urban VII original name Giambattista Castagna, pope from Sept. 15 to Sept. 27, 1590. born
Champagne is invented by Dom Perignon.
Freedom of the media was established in the American colonies when John Peter Zenger, publisher of a New York City newspaper "New York Weekly Journal", was acquitted of libel charges.
George Washington became a Master Mason on this day.
Nicolas-Jacque Conte, invented the modern pencil. born
Pierre-Simon Ballanche, a religious and social philosopher who influenced the Romantic writers and played an important part in the development of French thought in the early decades of the 19th century. born
Retired British cavalry officer Philip Astley establishes the first circus.
Wolfgang Mozart married Constanze Weber. He was 26; she was 19. Mozart wrote, "When we were wed, my wife began to cry and I did, too in fact, everybody cried, even the priests, at seeing our emotion."
The Coast Guard had its beginnings as the Revenue Cutter Service.
English poet Percy Bysshe Shelley. born
Edward Irving a Church of Scotland minister whose teachings became the basis of the religious movement known as Irvingism, later called the Catholic Apostolic Church. born
The Saturday Evening Post was published as a weekly for the first time this day.
Plans for the city of Chicago were laid out.
John Henry Twachtman painter and etcher, one of the first American Impressionists. born
The first Federal Income tax was collected.
Scottish comedian Sir Harry Lauder born
Sigmund O.P. Mowinckel, Norwegian Old Testament scholar. Associated from 1917-54 with Oslo University, his most influential work was done in the Psalms. In 1951 he published "The Psalms in Israel's Worship". born
Andrew and Abby Borden were axed to death in their home in Fall River, Massachusetts. Lizzie Borden, Andrew Borden's daughter from a previous marriage, was accused of the killings, but acquitted at trial.
Arturo Umberto Illia, president of Argentina (1963-66) born
The dowager Queen Elizabeth, mother of Britain's Queen Elizabeth II born
Louis (Satchmo) Armstrong (jazz musician into Rock and Roll Hall of Fame born
Jazz musician Louis Armstrong born
Glenn Cunningham, the Kansas Ironman or the Kansas Flyer, American middle-distance runner who repeatedly broke world and national records for the mile in the 1930s. born
William Schuman was born. Schuman grew up in New York City loving baseball and other regular parts of American life. He discovered classical music only as a teenager. Yet he would compose ten symphonies, of which all are recorded and several remain in the repertory.
Raoul Wallenberg a Swedish businessman and diplomat who became a legendary figure through his efforts to rescue Hungarian Jews during World War II and through his disappearance while a prisoner in the Soviet Union. born
Britain declared war on Germany, one day after Germany had declared war on France, thus beginning World War I. The United States initially declared itself neutral.
The United States purchased the Danish Virgin Islands for $25 million.
The dean of the White House press corps, Helen Thomas of United Press International born
All 13 million telephones in the U.S. and Canada went dead as AT&T and the Bell Systems shut down all its switchboards and switching stations for one minute in memory of Alexander Graham Bell who died two days earlier.
Peace Bridge between US and Canada opened.
Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat born
Mel Ott became the first major-league baseball player to score six runs in a single game on this day.
Crime Doctor introduced a new kind of radio hero to audiences on this day. The CBS Radio program presented Dr. Benjamin Ordway, the show's main character, who was a victim of amnesia. He once was a criminal, but got hit on the head and, suddenly, began to work as a crime fighter.
Actor-comedian Richard Belzer born
Nazi police raided the secret annex of a building in Amsterdam and arrested eight people -- including 15-year-old Anne Frank, whose diary became a famous account of the Holocaust. (Anne died at the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp.)
More than 6,000 people were killed when an earthquake leveled 50 towns in Ecuador.
The uranium rush began in Saskatchewan, Canada this day.
Actor-screenwriter Billy Bob Thornton born
Wilhelm Herz was clocked at 210 miles per hour this day at Wendover, UT. He became the first person to race a motorcycle over 200 mph.
Track star Mary Decker Slaney born
Baseball pitcher Roger Clemens born
Jamaica gains independence from Britain.
The bodies of missing civil rights workers Michael H. Schwerner, Andrew Goodman and James E. Chaney were found buried in an earthen dam in Mississippi.
Rock musician Rob Cieka (Boo Radleys) born
Actor Michael DeLuise born
US launches first satellite into lunar orbit from manned spacecraft.
Arthur Bremer was found guilty of shooting and wounding Alabama Governor George Wallace. He was sentenced to 63 years in prison.
President Carter signed a measure establishing the Department of Energy. The department officially opened for business on October 1, 1977.
Rhythm-and-blues singer-actor Marques Houston (Immature) born
Former Environmental Protection Agency aide Rita M. Lavelle was indicted on charges of lying to Congress about her role in a toxic waste case involving her former employer. Lavelle was subsequently convicted and sentenced to six months in prison.
Carl Lewis won the gold medal in the 100-meter dash at the Los Angeles Olympics, the first of four medals he won altogether.
The African Republic of Upper Volta changed its name to Burkina Faso, which means "the land of upright men."
Two milestones were achieved in major league baseball as Tom Seaver of the Chicago White Sox gained his 300th victory and Rod Carew of the California Angels got his 3,000th hit.
The United States Football League, having won only token damages in an antitrust suit against the National Football League, announced it was calling off its 1986 season.
The Federal Communications Commission voted to rescind the Fairness Doctrine, which required radio and TV stations to present balanced coverage of controversial issues.
US Representative Mario Biaggi (Democrat, New York) was convicted of charges that included conspiracy, extortion, tax evasion and acceptance of bribes in the "Wedtech" corruption scandal. (Sentenced to prison, Biaggi was paroled in 1990.)
Iranian President Hashemi Rafsanjani offered to help end the hostage crisis in Lebanon -- prompting President Bush to say he was "encouraged.""
The European Community imposed an embargo on imports of oil from Iraq and Kuwait to protest the Baghdad government's invasion of its oil-rich neighbor.
Israeli Cabinet members overwhelmingly backed a Middle East peace conference under conditions set by Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir.
The Greek luxury liner "Oceanos" sank in heavy seas off South Africa's southeast coast; all 402 passengers and 179 crewmembers survived.
The PLO agreed to attend a regional peace conference and offered to compromise with Israel on the make-up of the Palestinian delegation.
Actor Dylan Sprouse ("Grace Under Fire") born
Actor Cole Sprouse ("Grace Under Fire") born
The crew of the space shuttle "Atlantis" encountered difficulties as they tried to reel out a satellite attached to miles of thin cord as part of an electricity-producing experiment.
A federal judge sentenced Los Angeles police officers Stacey Koon and Laurence Powell to two and a-half years in prison for violating Rodney King's civil rights.
The Senate approved a $5.8 billion disaster bill for Midwestern flood victims.
Serb-dominated Yugoslavia withdrew its support for Bosnian Serbs, sealing the 300-mile border between Yugoslavia and Serb-held Bosnia.
Croat forces launched a massive attack on breakaway Serbs in their self-proclaimed capital of Knin.
On the final day of the Atlanta Olympics, Josia Thugwane became the first black South African to win a gold medal as he finished first in the marathon; the US women's basketball team defeated Brazil 111-to-87 to win the gold; David Reid won the only boxing gold medal for the US. A three-hour closing ceremony of music, dance and light brought the games to an official close.
Teamsters went on a 15-day strike against United Parcel Service after talks broke down with nation's largest package delivery service.
Jeanne Calment, at age 122 the world's oldest person, died at a retirement home in Arles, France.
The Dow Jones industrial average plunged 299.43 points, the third-biggest point drop to that time (since then, the fifth-biggest to date), finishing at 8487.31.
Turning aside an urgent White House appeal, Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist cleared the way for prosecutors to question White House lawyers about their advice to President Clinton in the Monica Lewinsky case.
Actor Victor Mature died in San Diego County, California (his age, depending on references, ranged from 83 to 86).
On the eve of congressional votes on the Republicans' $792 billion tax cut proposal, President Clinton again pledged a veto, saying the GOP package was "risky and plainly wrong."
Democratic presidential candidate Al Gore mocked a Republican gathering as a special-interests-sponsored sham
Philadelphia, GOP presidential nominee George W. Bush and running mate Dick Cheney began an air and rail tour of four swing states: Pennsylvania, Ohio, Michigan and Illinois.
Former UK MP Mo Mowlam 'critically ill'
Foreign investment rises in Romania by 19 percent
South Korean scientists clone dog for first time
Al Qaeda: 'Blair brought destruction to the heart of London'
'Star Wars' headed to TV as weekly series
U.S. President Bush: 'We're at war'
Economy - Bush toughens up on Central America
NATO to expand Afghanistan presence
London 21 July suspect claims device was 'flour bomb'
Two killed in Istanbul explosion
James Cameron to use Weta Digital for next film
Newcastle, Australia man arrested for selling stolen jewelery online
Katcher died of drowning, coroner says
From the eleventh century to the Digital Age, the Domesday Book is now online
7/11 blasts suspect held in Kashmir
East Timor, Kuwait start negotiations for investment in public works
Swan in German zoo tests positive for H5N1 virus
United States plans to train and equip Lebanon military
Death toll up to six in Minneapolis bridge collapse
Body found in Cradle Mountain, Tasmania, Australia
Foot-and-mouth confirmed at UK farm
McLaren Mercedes drivers snatch the front row for Hungarian Grand Prix
Phoenix spacecraft launches towards Mars
Brazil to invest US $3.6bn on slums
Asian monsoon rains force millions to flee
Major League Soccer: Beckham will miss game against Toronto
Panda gives birth at San Diego Zoo
Boxing: Joshua Clottey of Ghana wins IBF welterweight title
Stampede in India kills at least 140
American actor Morgan Freeman in serious condition after car accident
IEEE approves S1600 & S3200 transmission standards
Death toll rises to eleven in K2 mountain avalanche
US presidential candidates are statistically tied in the polls
Heikki Kovalainen wins Hungarian Grand Prix
Sixteen policemen killed in suspected terrorist attack in Xinjiang, China
Unprecedented review to be held on Qantas after third emergency in two weeks
Thomas Cook occupiers arrested, released; company to return to negotiating table
Imprisoned American journalists in North Korea pardoned, to return to US
The Socialist Left Partyâs election initiative starts in Norway
Melbourne terror raids nab suspects
Formula One: Renault dismisses Piquet, Schumacher barred from practising
New human HIV strain discovered in France
California's same-sex marriage ban ruled unconstitutional; appeal expected
One dead after small plane crashes near Phoenix
Nine dead in shooting rampage at Connecticut beer warehouse
Obama approval ratings hit new lows
Yani Tseng captures Women's British Open title for a record fifth major
Swaziland to receive financial bailout from South Africa
Earl Anthony Wayne confirmed as U.S ambassador to Mexico
Married couple die after being hit by car in Largs, Scotland