Election of Pope Gregory I, "the Great"
Death of St. Laurence of Canterbury
Death of Koloman, King of Hungary
The Mongols take over Vladimir, Russia.
John VI Cantacuzenus enters Constantinople - end of the Civil War
Massacre of the city of Cesena, Italy by Sir John Hawkwood
Death of Johann Gutenberg
Reconsecration of York Cathedral
Silence imposed on Augustine Monks by the Pope
Magellan discovers Shark Island in the Pacific
The first paper money in America was issued by the colony of Massachusetts. (The currency was used to pay soldiers fighting a war against Quebec.)
Spain recognized US independence.
The territory of Illinois was created.
Felix Mendelssohn was born in Hamburg. Felix wrote a dozen string symphonies while still a teenager, and his string "Octet," one of the greatest chamber works by any composer, was performed when Felix was 16. born
Horace Greeley, told young men to go west born
Elizabeth Blackwell, the first woman doctor of medicine born
President Lincoln and Confederate Vice President Alexander H. Stephens held a shipboard peace conference off the Virginia coast. (The talks deadlocked over the issue of Southern autonomy.)
Actor Edwin Booth opened his new theater in New York City. The first production was Romeo and Juliet. Tickets sold for as much as $125.00 for this presentation.
The 15th Amendment to the Constitution was ratified. It granted that the right of citizens to vote shall not be denied on account of race, color or previous condition of servitude.
Poet and novelist Gertrude Stein born
Albert Spalding and his brother took $800 savings and started a sporting goods company. They manufactured the first official baseball, tennis ball, basketball, golf ball and football.
American writer Clarence Mumford- creator of Hopalong Cassidy born
Artist Norman Rockwell born
Colombian troops clash with U.S. Marines in Panama.
Author James Michener ( HAWAII ) born
The U.S. Supreme Court rules that union-sponsored boycotts are illegal, and applies the Sherman Antitrust Act to labor as well as capital.
Simone Well, French writer whose work was published posthumously born
New U.S. football rules are set touchdown counts six points instead of five; four downs are allowed instead of three; and the kickoff is moved from midfield to the 40 yd. line.
The 16th Amendment, allowing establishment of an income tax, became part of the U.S. Constitution after ratification by Wyoming.
Canada's original Parliament Buildings, in Ottawa, burned down.
The United States broke off diplomatic relations with Germany after a German declaration of unrestricted submarine warfare.
Comedian Joey Bishop born
The Allies demand that 890 German military leaders stand trial for war crimes.
The 28th president of the United States, Woodrow Wilson, died in Washington at age 68.
Comedian Shelley Berman born
President Calvin Coolidge signed a bill into law that created the Federal Radio Commission "to bring order out of this terrible chaos."
Singer Frankie Vaughn (Abelson) born
The chief justice of the United States, William Howard Taft, resigned for health reasons. President Hoover appointed Charles Evans Hughes as Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court.
Actor Jeremy Kemp (Edmund Walker) born
Football Hall-of-Famer Fran Tarkenton born
During World War Two, the U-S transport ship "Dorchester" sank after being hit by a torpedo. (Four Army chaplains gave their life belts to four other men, and went down with the ship.)
Singer Dennis Edwards (formerly with The Temptations) born
Actress Blythe Danner born
Rock 'n Roll musician (The Hollies) Eric Haydock born
The U.S. shell the Japanese homeland for the first time at Kurile Islands.
Football Hall-of-Famer Bob Griese born
The Allies drop 3,000 tons of bombs on Berlin.
Singer-guitarist Dave Davies (The Kinks) born
Singer Melanie (Safka) born
Percival Prattis of "Our World" in New York City became the first black, news correspondent admitted to the House and Senate press gallery in Washington, D.C.
Actress Morgan Fairchild born
The Tennessee Williams play, "The Rose Tattoo," opened on Broadway in New York.
Millions greet Queen Elizabeth in Sydney on her first royal trip to Australia.
Christian artist Dan Dean (Phillips, Craig & Dean) born
Rock musician Lee Renaldo (Sonic Youth) born
Elvis Presley, Jerry Lee Lewis, Carl Perkins and Johnny Cash recorded a two-and-one-half hours session in the Sun studios.
Actor Thomas Calabro ("Melrose Place") born
A plane crash near Clear Lake, Iowa, claimed the lives of rock-and-roll stars Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens and J.P. "The Big Bopper" Richardson.
Rock musician (The Cure) (Laurence) Lol Tolhurst born
Actor-director Keith Gordon born
President John F. Kennedy bans all trade with Cuba.
Actress Michele Greene born
Country singer Matraca Berg born
Actress Maura Tierney born
Rock musician Nick Hawkins (Big Audio) born
Soviet Luna 9 achieves soft landing on the moon.
The Endangered Species Act was signed into law by President Nixon.
The Palestine National Congress appointed Yasser Arafat head of the Palestine Liberation Organization.
OPEC decides to set oil prices without consulting buyers.
Musician Grant Barry (Reel Big Fish) born
U.S. and Israeli officials agreed to a boundary separating their military forces in Beirut, Lebanon, following repeated confrontations between U.S. Marines and Israeli troops.
The EPA orders a ban on the pesticide EDB for grain products.
The space shuttle Challenger blasted off from Cape Canaveral, Florida, on a problem-plagued mission that included the faulty deployment of two satellites and a target balloon.
Pope John Paul II, on a visit to Peru, pleaded with leftist rebels to lay down their arms, saying, "The cruel logic of violence leads nowhere."
President Reagan appointed a 12-member commission to investigate the failure of the Challenger, which broke apart 73 seconds after launch, claiming the lives of the entire crew.
The San Diego Yacht Club celebrated the victory of skipper Dennis Conner and the "Stars and Stripes" over Australia's "Kookaburra Three" to sweep the America's Cup series.
The US Senate voted unanimously to confirm Anthony M. Kennedy to the US Supreme Court.
The US House of Representatives handed President Reagan a major defeat, rejecting his request for at least $36.25 million in aid to the Nicaraguan Contras by a vote of 219-to-211.
Alfredo Stroessner, president of Paraguay for more than three decades, was overthrown in a military coup.
The parliament of Bulgaria elected economist Andrei Lukanov to replace a hard-line Communist as premier.
The rate for a first-class postage stamp rose to 29 cents.
U.S. military officials confirmed that seven of 11 Marines who were killed in combat on January 30 died from "friendly fire.""
Japanese Prime Minister Kiichi Miyazawa sparked controversy by saying American workers were losing the drive "to live by the sweat of their brow."
Marge Schott was suspended as Cincinnati Reds owner for one year for her repeated use of racial and ethnic slurs (the suspension was lifted after eight months).
The federal trial of four police officers charged with civil rights violations in the videotaped beating of Rodney King began in Los Angeles.
Violinist Chee-Yun and pianist Akira Eguchi recorded sonatas by Saint-Saens, Faure and Debussy for the Denon label.
Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan dismissed his aide, Khalid Abdul Muhammas, for making anti-Semitic remarks.
The Senate confirmed William Perry to be defense secretary.
President Clinton lifted the 19-year-old U.S. trade embargo against Vietnam.
The space shuttle Discovery lifted off, carrying Sergei Krikalev, the first Russian cosmonaut to fly aboard a U.S. spacecraft.
At the O.J. Simpson trial in Los Angeles, prosecution witness Denise Brown wept on the stand as she described the humiliation and abuse of her sister, Nicole Brown Simpson, at the hands of the former football star.
The space shuttle Discovery blasted off with a woman, Air Force Lieutenant Colonel Eileen Collins, in the pilot's seat for the first time in NASA history. 1
An earthquake measuring 7.0 rocked southwestern China, killing at least 302 people and injuring 15,000.
Sergeant First Class Donald A. Dugan, 38, became the first U-S soldier killed while on duty in Bosnia when a piece of ammunition exploded in his hands.
Actress Audrey Meadows died in Los Angeles at the age of 71.
The Army announced that a retired female sergeant major had accused Sergeant Major of the Army Gene McKinney of sexual assault and harassment. (McKinney, who ended up being accused of sexual misconduct by six women, is scheduled to face court-martial beginning February third.)
A US military plane sliced through the cable of a ski gondola in Italy, sending the car plunging hundreds of feet, killing all 20 people inside.
Stamps commemorating Princess Diana went on sale across Britain with the Post Office guaranteeing a minimum donation US$9.9 million to her favorite charities. The set of five stamps showed both formal and informal poses of the princess taken by famous British photographers and have a purple border as a mark of respect. " The profits went to the Memorial Fund, to benefit charities ranging from AIDS to the homeless and anti-landmine campaigns.
The state of Texas executed Karla Faye Tucker for the pickax killings of two people in 1983; she was the first woman executed in the United States since 1984.
A former teacher just released from jail on child rape charges was arrested after being caught with the 14-year-old father of her baby in violation of her parole, authorities said. Mary Kay LeTourneau, 36, was arrested about 3 a.m. when police searching a south Seattle neighborhood for a stolen car came across a "suspicious vehicle" with steamed-up windows and discovered the couple inside, Seattle police spokeswoman Christie-Lynne Bonner said. Officers recognized LeTourneau and arrested her for violating conditions of her release, which required her to have no contact with the boy.
The Clinton administration told Congress a NATO-led peacekeeping force could be needed in Kosovo for three to five years and might include up to 4,000 American troops.
The flight data recorder from Alaska Airlines Flight 261 was recovered from the Pacific Ocean off California.
Richard Kleindienst, who had served as U-S attorney general during the Nixon administration and resigned during the Watergate scandal, died in Prescott, Arizona, at age 76.
The Senate voted 89-to-four to confirm Alan Greenspan for a fourth term as chairman of the Federal Reserve.
Severe flooding in Melbourne, Australia
Short-tailed bats to be transferred to Kapiti Island, New Zealand
PM of Georgia dies of gas poisoning
Beslan siege organiser speaks
UN IIC report faults former "Oil-for-Food" director
Cambodian opposition leader stripped of immunity, flees country
China forbids 50 electronic games
Report details British billionare donations to Australian political party
Tensions continue to rise in Middle East over "Mohammad Cartoons"
Indonesia warns Australia over West Papuan asylum seekers
'Kama Sutra' worm set to strike
Federal judge calls EPA head's post 9/11 conduct "conscience-shocking".
Leisel Jones sets two new swimming world records at trials
RU486 Abortion pill hearings begin in Australia
New pre-Iraq war memo leaked
Cialis blog controversy is major war of words
Iraqi police find 14 tortured dead bodies
Pentagon's Quadrennial Defense Review released
Policeman killed in football-related violence in Italy
Tornado kills 19 in Florida
"Shrinking Cities" debuts in Detroit, Michigan
Bird Flu confirmed in 1,000 UK turkeys
Assassin of Turkish-Armenian journalist 'treated as national hero'
Iraqi suicide bomber kills 121, injures over 200 others
Missing airplane possibly found near Blackpool, England
Ferry collision on the river Mersey
Turkish government proposes to outlaw LGBT websites
Egypt seals border with Gaza after 11 days
Sentences handed down over Paraguay's worst fire
Drug-resistant flu rising, says WHO
Fall '08 styles at New York Fashion Week: the miniskirt is back again
At least 30 killed by earthquakes in Rwanda and Congo
TadiÄ re-elected President of Serbia
Yahoo announces closure of Briefcase
Automobile sales in the United States down sharply
GM, Chrysler offer buyouts and early retirement to workers
Scandinavian Airlines System to cut 8,600 jobs
Baby in California born with 12 functioning fingers and toes, in a rare case of polydactylism
Shoe thrown at Chinese PM during speech at Cambridge University in the UK
Man arrested in India after mid-air hijack threat on domestic flight
At least seven dead after bomb blast in Northwestern Pakistan
Chilean President visits Pichilemu to inaugurate AgustÃn Ross Cultural Centre
Poland issues EU warrant for Swede suspected of stealing Auschwitz sign
Concorde crash trial begins
IPCC chief refuses to apologize for glacier error
UNHCR: Somalia violence killed 258 civilians last month; tens of thousands displaced
Actor Justin Mentell dies in road accident at age 27
Ex-minister says UK Cabinet was "misled" about legality of Iraq war
NATO oil tanker torched in Pakistan
Chris Huhne resigns from UK Cabinet to face charges
On the campaign trail, January 2012
Reports of at least fourteen dead this week due to gun-related suicides in the United States
Five accused of Delhi gang rape and murder plead not guilty
Armenian presidential elections at stake after attack on candidate