Death of Julian the Apostate
Mu'awiyan defeats Caliph Ali in the Battle of Siffin in Mesopotamia.
Death of Offa, King of the English
Nicephorus I, Byzantine emperor, killed in battle with the Bulgars
Edward I, King of England, did homage to Philip II, King of France, for his French holdings
Pope Gregory X establishes the Inquisition
Anti-Pope Benedict XIII deposed as a heretic
Lucas Vasquez de Ayllon leaves Santo Domingo with several hundred settlers to found a colony in Florida
Founding of Coro, Venezuela
Pizarro authorized to conquer Peru, by the Crown of Spain
The Estates-General of the Hague declares Philip II deposed
James VI of Scotland was crowned King James I of England. He then 'authorized'an English translation of the Scriptures, first published in 1611 and known since as the'King James Version' of the Bible.
Matthew Hopkins, "Witch-finder General," helps to condemn 26 persons as witches in Norfolk, England
George Clinton, 4th VP (1805-12) born
The French relinquish Fort Ticonderoga in New York to the British under General Jeffrey Amherst.
Benjamin Franklin becomes the first Postmaster-General.
New York became the eleventh state to ratify the US Constitution.
Painter George Catlin born
Auguste Beernaert Belgium (Nobel Peace Prize-1909) born
Liberia became a republic, and Africa's first sovereign, black-ruled democratic nation.
Playwright George Bernard Shaw born
The French composer Jules Massenet won the Prix de Rome but for his piano playing ability rather than his composing.
Carl Jung, founder of analytic psychology born
Rimsky-Korsakov finished composing "Scheherazade". This four movement tone poem could be called a symphony, and it's almost a violin concerto since the concertmaster has a great deal to do by himself, but most people just think of "Scheherazade" as a very lovely work.
Pearl S Buck US, novelist (The Good Earth) born
Aldous Huxley England, author (Brave New World) born
Robert Graves, poet and novelist who wrote I Claudius born
Gracie Allen, Mrs George Burns/comedian (Burns & Allen) born
Attorney General Charles Bonaparte created an investigative agency that was the forerunner of the FBI (Federal Bureau of Investigation).
Arnold Schoenberg, who has just been abandoned by his wife, himself abandoned tonality, writing atonal variations on a folk song which ends with the words "All is lost." You can hear this in the second movement of his second string quartet.
Actress Vivian Vance born
The 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, prohibiting discrimination in voting on the basis of sex, is ratified
Movie producer Blake Edwards (10, SOB, Breakfast at Tiffany's) born
Actor Jason Robards Junior (A Thousand Clowns, Act 1, Any Wednesday) born
The sanctuary of Our Lady of Victory, in Lackawanna, NY, became the first RomanCatholic church in the U.S. to be consecrated a basilica.
Actor James Best ("The Dukes of Hazzard") born
Movie director Stanley Kubrick (2001, Dr Strangelove, Lolita, Clockwork Orange, Eyes Wide Shut) born
Jean Shepherd humorist born
The Open Bible Standard Churches was formed when two smaller revival movements with similar objectives merged. OBSCI is headquartered today in Des Moines.
Gen. Douglas MacArthur was named commander of U.S. forces in the Philippines
Rock star Mick Jagger born
Movie director Peter Hyams born
Winston Churchill resigned as Britain's prime minister after his Conservatives were soundly defeated by the Labor Party. (Clement Attlee became the new prime minister.)
Actress Helen Mirren born
President Truman signed a order that called for the desegration of all U.S. armed forces.
President Truman signed the National Security Act, creating the Department of Defense, the National Security Council, the Central Intelligence Agency and the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
In an Executive Order, President Harry Truman calls for the end of discrimination and segregation in the U.S. armed forces.
William M Shepherd,Capt USN/astronaut born
Actress Susan George (Straw Dogs, Mandingo) born
King Farouk the First of Egypt abdicated the wake of a coup led by Gamal Abdel Nasser.
Adlai E. Stevenson was nominated for president by the Democratic national convention Chicago; John J. Sparkman was nominated for vice president.
Argentina's first lady, Eva Peron, died Buenos Aires at age 33.
Fidel Castro began his revolt against Fulgencio Batista with an unsuccessful attack on an army barracks eastern Cuba. (Castro ousted Batista 1959.)
Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser nationalized the Suez Canal.
Dorothy Hamill, ice figure skater (Olympic-gold-1976) born
Rock singer Gary Cherone (Van Halen) born
Actress Sandra Bullock born
Teamsters president Jimmy Hoffa and six others were convicted of fraud and conspiracy in the handling of a union pension fund.
Jennifer Ashe actress (As the World Turns) born
Actor Jeremy Piven ("Ellen") born
"Apollo 15" was launched from Cape Kennedy.
Actress Kate Beckinsale born
"The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson" became the first network television show to be broadcast in stereo.
The U.N. Security Council approved a resolution condemning South Africa's declaration of a state of emergency and calling for limited, voluntary sanctions against the Pretoria government.
American statesman Averell Harriman died in Yorktown Heights, New York, at age 94.
Kidnappers in Lebanon released the Rev. Lawrence Martin Jenco, an American hostage held for nearly 19 months.
Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinberger said on ABC TV the US Navy's anti-mine capabilities would be improved the Persian Gulf the wake of a mine explosion that damaged the tanker "Bridgeton."
UN Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar met twice with Iran's foreign minister in the first formal round of talks aimed at achieving a cease-fire in the eight-year-old war between Iran and Iraq.
Mark Wellman, a 29-year-old paraplegic, reached the summit of El Capitan in Yosemite National Park after hauling himself up the granite cliff six inches at a time over nine days.
The U.S. House of Representatives reprimanded Congressman Barney Frank, D-Mass., for ethics violations.
President Bush signed into law the "Americans with Disabilities Act."
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control reported that a young woman, later identified as Kimberly Bergalis, had been infected with the AIDS virus, apparently by her dentist.
Secretary of State James Baker became the first Western diplomat to address the Mongolian parliament.
Iraq agreed to permit weapons inspectors to search the Agriculture Ministry Baghdad. Miguel Induraof Spawon cycling's Tour de France for the second year a row. Singer Mary Wells died Los Angeles at age 49.
President Clinton launched a new, harder sell for his budget at a conference in Chicago, accusing Republicans of gridlock.
Retired General Matthew B. Ridgway died in Fox Chapel, Pennsylvania, at age 98.
A car bomb heavily damaged the Israeli embassy in London, injuring 14; hours later, a second bomb exploded outside a building housing Jewish organizations in north London.
The House Banking Committee opened limited hearings on the Whitewater controversy.
The Senate voted 69-to-29 to unilaterally lift the U.N. embargo on arms shipments to Bosnia.
Former Michigan Governor George W. Romney died at age 88.
Amy Van Dyken became the first American woman to win four gold medals at a single Olympics as she captured the 50-meter freestyle in Atlanta.
President Clinton rejected a clemency plea from Jonathan Pollard, who'd spent more than ten years prison for spying for Israel.
President Clinton visited Lake Tahoe, bringing with him $26 million in new postal trucks and new sewage pipes as he committed himself to the lake's preservation.
The White House said President Clinton's lawyers were working with prosecutor Kenneth Starr to avert Clinton's direct testimony to a grand jury about the Monica Lewinsky case. (The president ended up testifying via closed-circuit television.)
AT&T and British Telecommunications PLC announced they were forming a joint venture that would combine their international operations and develop a new Internet system.
Cary Stayner, a motel handyman, described in detail for an off-camera jailhouse interview with San Francisco TV station KBWB how he'd killed a naturalist and three Yosemite sightseers.
Secretary of State Madeleine Albright and her Russian counterpart, Igor Ivanov, announced a second Washington-Moscow hot line would be installed to help avoid misunderstandings like those that had developed over Kosovo.
George W. Bush and his just-chosen running mate, Dick Cheney, set out on their first campaign excursion together as they visited Cheney's former hometown of Casper, Wyoming.
A federal judge in New York approved a $1.25 billion settlement between Swiss banks and more than a-half million plaintiffs who alleged the banks had hoarded money deposited by Holocaust victims.
Murderer of Dutch filmmaker van Gogh gets life term
Inter lead race to snap-up Figo
Space Shuttle Discovery launches
Press freedom watchdog 'outraged' by closure of Burundi radio station
Last WWII Comanche 'code talker' dies
U.S. magazine TV Guide to drop local editions in makeover
U.S. consumer confidence drops
Neighbours of Niger also facing food crisis
Microsoft announces name of new version of Windows: Vista
Windows Vista faces possible trademark challenges
San Diego votes for new mayor
Int'l Football: Liverpool beats Kaunas 3 - 1
Toll to cancel Overlander train service
Power and water return to Liberia
Multiple sclerosis more often transmitted by fathers
Saddam Hussein 'forced' back to trial
Preliminary hearing for lawsuit against Buffalo, N.Y. hotel proposal rescheduled
Buffalo, N.Y. city hall evacuated after alarms sound
Historic Birmingham pub destroyed in Arson attack
Missing Illinois student found dead
Despite 6 warnings Israel bombed and killed 4 UN observers
Red Cross ambulances hit by Israeli strike
Tour de France: Daniele Bennati wins stage 17
Wake Forest University basketball coach Skip Prosser dies
Cat in Rhode Island, USA nursing home 'senses death'
Strong earthquake strikes Indonesia
NASA says worker tried to sabotage ISS
Man charged following bomb threats which closed 14 Tesco supermarkets in UK
FIA clears McLaren of allegations by Ferrari
Weapons storage facility in Syria explodes killing 15 soldiers
Partizan Belgrade kicked out of 2007/08 UEFA Cup
SNP wins Glasgow East by-election in Scotland
US Senate passes housing aid bill
Six year old girl and five others killed, Hamas arrests 200 Palestinians
Obama's private prayer published in Israeli newspaper
Two nuclear leaks in two weeks trigger security and safety reviews in France
US presidential candidate Barack Obama's lead in the polls increases
Contador wins Tour de France; Cavendish wins six stages
Iranian plane crashes on runway, 17 dead
Rugby Union: Ballymore Cup North Queensland carnival
Lewis Hamilton wins Hungarian Grand Prix
Australian rules football: Gippsland Football League round 15 - Leongatha v Traralgon
British snooker player Alex Higgins found dead at age 61
North Korea warns of nuclear action
Six die in France helicopter crash at Verdon Gorge
UK border staff Olympic strike abandoned
Ninth World Games open in Santiago de Cali, Colombia