Benedict I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
St Vitalian begins his reign as Catholic Pope
Fredrick "Barbarossa" crowned King of Burgundy
Assassination of Conrad of Marburg and Gerhard Lutelholb
Haifa falls to the Mameluks
Massacre of the Compagnia del Bruco in Florence, Italy
Anti-Catholic Hussites, followers of executed reformer Jan Hus, stormed the town hall in Prague and threw Catholic councillors out of the windows. Thus began the Hussite Wars.
Giorgio Vasari (painter/architect/art historian) born
Newfoundland reached by Sir Humphrey Gilbert
Iroquois Indians defeated by their first sight of firearms
The first representative assembly in America convened in Jamestown, Virginia (House of Burgesses).
The Puritans of Salem, Mass. appointed Francis Higginson as their teacher and Samuel Skelton as their pastor. The church covenant, composed afterward by these two men,allowed into communion only those who could prove a sound doctrinal knowledge and an experience of grace in their lives.
Reinier de Graaf, Dutch physician, discovered ovarian follicles born
Charles X of Sweden defeated the Poles at the Battle of Warsaw, two days after invading the country.
William Penn, founder of Pennsylvania as a colony for Quakers to experience religious liberty, dies.
The city of Baltimore was founded.
The Society of Freemasons opened their first lodge in Boston.
Caspar Wistar first manufactured glass.
The U.S. Army founds its chaplaincy, making it the Army's oldest division after the infantry.
Emily Bronte (author born
James Edward Kelly US, sculptor "Sculptor of American History" born
President Lincoln gave an order to shoot a rebel prisoner for every black prisoner that was shot; it became known as the "eye-for-eye" order.
Henry Ford (auto manufacturer production: the Tin Lizzie) born
During the Civil War, Union forces tried to take Petersburg, Virginia, by exploding a mine under Confederate defense lines:- the attack failed.
Vladimir Zworykin, often called the "Father of Television" for inventing the iconoscope, was born in Russia. born
Baseball player/manager Casey (Charles) Stengel born
Scientific America carried the first magazine automobile ad. The Winton Motor Car Company of Cleveland, OH, invited readers to dispense with a horse this day.
Henry Moore (sculptor) born
Actor Dick Wilson ("Mr. Whipple") born
Federal troops are called out to put down Chicago race riots.
Actor Jacques Sernas (La Dolce Vita, Superfly T.N.T.) born
Actor Richard Johnson born
George Eastman showed the first color motion pictures in the U.S.
Singer Christine McGuire (The McGuire Sisters He) born
The Summer Olympic Games opened in Los Angeles.
Actor Edd "Kookie" Byrnes (77 Sunset Strip, holds record for appearing on the most magazine covers in one month [October 1960]) born
Kurt von Schuschnigg was named Austrian chancellor following the assassination of Engelbert Dollfuss.
Actor Ben Piazza (Guilty by Suspicion, The Hanging Tree) born
The first Penguin book was published, starting the paperback revolution. The idea came from Sir Allen Lane who wanted to provide a "whole book for the price of 10 cigarettes."
Blues musician Buddy Guy born
The American Federation of Radio Artists (AFRA) was organized this day. It was part of the American Federation of Labor. The union was for all radio performers except musicians. The union later became The American Federation of Television and Radio Artists (AFTRA) to include TV performers.
Joe Nuxhall (baseball major-league player [15yrs, 314 days]) born
Feminist activist Eleanor Smeal born
Movie director Peter Bogdanovich (The Last Picture Show, Paper Moon, What's Up Doc?) born
Former U-S Representative Patricia Schroeder born
Count Desmond (Edward Benjamin) sword swallower born
Singer Paul Anka (33 hits over 3 decades) born
President Roosevelt signed a bill creating a women's auxiliary agency in the Navy known as "Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service":- WAVES for short.
Jazz musician David Sanborn born
The USS "Indianapolis," which had just delivered key components of the Hiroshima atomic bomb to the Pacific island of Tinian, was torpedoed by a Japanese submarine. Only 316 out of 1,196 men survived the sinking and shark-infested waters.
Actor Arnold Schwarzenegger born
Actor William Atherton born
Dwight White (football Super Bowl IX, X, XIII, XIV) born
Willie Harper (football Super Bowl XVI) born
Actor Frank Stallone born
Actor Ken Olin (Hill Street Blues, Thirtysomething) born
Singer Brenda Lee recorded her first hit for Decca Records. "Jambalaya" and "Bigelow 6-500" started a new career for the petite 11-year-old from Lithgonia, Georgia. Brenda Mae Tarpley had been singing professionally since age six. She recorded 29 hit songs in the 1960s and became a successful country singer in 1971.
Actress Delta Burke (Designing Women, Filthy Rich) born
Anita Hill (law professor U.S. Senate Judiciary Subcommittee concerning Clarence Thomas' nomination to the Supreme Court) born
The phrase, In God We Trust, was adopted as the U.S. national motto.
Singer-songwriter Kate Bush born
More than 60,000 Buddhists march in protest against the Diem government in South Vietnam.
Actor Laurence Fishburne (Tony Award-winner, actor Apocalypse Now, Bad Company) born
Country singer Neal McCoy born
Country musician Dwayne O'Brien (Little Texas) born
Actress Vivica Fox ("Independence Day") born
President Johnson signed into law the Medicare bill, which went into effect the following year.
General William Westmoreland claims that he is winning the war in Vietnam but needs more men.
The Apple boutique opened by Apple Corps, the company formed by The Beatles, closed its doors.
Actress Christine Taylor ("The Brady Bunch Movie") born
The 11-year battle for the victims of the drug Thalidomide ended with compensation payments of 20 million pounds sterling.
Actress Hilary Swank (Growing Pains, Evening Shade) born
The House Judiciary Committee, by a vote of 21-17, approved a third article of impeachment against President Nixon, charging him with ignoring congressional subpoenas. Nixon resigned before the issue came to trial.
Eleven women become the first ordained females in the Episcopal Church.
Representatives of 35 countries convened in Helsinki, Finland, for a conference on security and human rights that resulted in the "Helsinki Accords." The conference was aimed at ensuring peace in Europe.
Former Teamsters union president Jimmy Hoffa disappeared in suburban Detroit:- although presumed dead, his remains have never been found.
Rudolf Bultmann, 92, German Bible scholar and one of the three major pioneers of modern form 'criticism'of the New Testament Gospels died.
Actress Jaime Pressly born
The Israeli Knesset passed a law reaffirming all of Jerusalem as the capital of the Jewish state.
Lynn Fontanne, one of Broadway's premier actresses and the widow of actor Alfred Lunt, died in Genesee Depot, Wisconsin, at age 95.
Reggie Jackson hit his 494th home run of his career this day, passing the Yankees' Lou Gehrig and taking over 13th place on the all-time home run list. Larry Sorenson was the pitcher who gave up Reggie's 494th homer.
West German swimmer Michael Gross became the first double gold winner of the 1984 Summer Olympics, while the United States picked up three gold medals in swimming and shooting.
Indiana's Western Schools Corporation Superintendent James O. Smith said AIDS sufferer Ryan White was officially barred from school. Smith said the health risk for other children was too great.
South Africa recalled its Washington ambassador-designate following the recall of the U.S. ambassador from Pretoria.
At his confirmation hearing to become chief justice of the United States, Supreme Court Justice William H. Rehnquist denied allegations he had challenged the qualifications of minority voters at polling places in Phoenix in the 1960's.
Boy George was fined 250 pounds ($400) for possession of heroin.
NBC's L.A. Law was nominated for 20 Emmy Awards this day one shy of the record for nominations. Hill Street Blues was the recordholder (in the 1981-'82 season). L.A. Law had only been on the air a year when it earned four out of the 20 Emmys.
Former White House Chief of Staff Donald T. Regan told the Iran-Contra congressional committees he had repeatedly urged President Reagan to break off arms sales to Iran.
Jordan's King Hussein dissolved his country's lower house of Parliament, half of whose 60 members were from the Israeli-occupied West Bank.
In Lebanon, the pro-Iranian group Organization for the Oppressed on Earth threatened to kill an American hostage, Marine Lt. Col. William R. Higgins, unless Israel released Sheik Abdul-Karim Obeid, a cleric seized by Israeli commandos.
George Steinbrenner, under investigation by Baseball Commissioner Fay Vincent for making a $40,000 payment to a known gambler, agreed to be permanently barred from operation of the New York Yankees.
British Conservative Party lawmaker Ian Gow was killed in a bombing claimed by the Irish Republican Army.
A special U.N. commission to Iraq announced it had found 46,000 chemical shells and warheads and 3,000 tons of raw materials for weapons.
President Bush and Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev began their face-to-face meetings in Moscow.
At the Barcelona Summer Olympics, Shannon Miller won the silver medal in the women's all-around gymnastics event.
A TWA Lockheed L-1011 caught fire during takeoff from New York's Kennedy International Airport; all 292 people aboard survived.
Tap water was declared safe to drink again in flood-ravaged Des Moines, Iowa.
Bosnia's outgunned Muslim-led government abandoned its efforts to hold the region together, agreeing to a preliminary accord to divide the former Yugoslav republic into three ethnic states.
The first U.S. troops landed in the Rwandan capital of Kigali to secure the airport for an expanded international aid effort.
The world community shut down air service to Haiti, leaving the army-ruled nation more isolated than ever.
Russian and Chechen rebels signed an agreement calling for a gradual withdrawal of Russian troops and the disarmament of rebel fighters.
A federal law enforcement source said security guard Richard Jewell had become a focus of the investigation into the bombing at Centennial Olympic Park. (In October, Jewell was cleared as a suspect by the Justice Department.)
Actress Claudette Colbert died in Barbados at age 92.
The US Olympic softball team defeated China, 3-to-1, to win the gold medal.
Two men bombed Jerusalem's most crowded outdoor market, killing themselves and 16 others.
Eighteen people, including two Americans, were killed in a landslide that swept one ski lodge onto another at the Thredbo Alpine Village in southeast Australia.
Japan's Parliament declared Keizo Obuchi the country's next prime minister.
"Buffalo Bob" Smith, the cowboy-suited host of "The Howdy Doody Show," died in Hendersonville, North Carolina, at age 80.
A group of 13 Ohio machinists stepped forward to claim the $295.7 million Powerball jackpot. (The workers opted to take the cash option -- one payment of about $161.5 million.)
Linda Tripp, whose secretly recorded phone conversations with Monica Lewinsky led to the impeachment of President Clinton, was charged in Maryland with illegal wiretapping (prosecutors later dropped the charges).
Republicans pushed their $792 billion-dollar tax cut through the Senate.
The leaders of some 40 nations gathered in Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina, pledging to push economic and democratic reforms for the war-torn Balkans.
President Hugo Chavez of Venezuela won a fresh six-year term in a landslide re-election.
U.S. names German bases to close
Two Britons killed in British consulate convoy attack in Basra
Irish woman wins record lottery jackpot
Third union separates from AFL-CIO
Libya allows US oil company to return
Bigger than Pluto, possible 10th planet found
Britain launches 2012 Olympic Lottery games
Charles Kennedy rejects leadership allegations
James Bond set at Pinewood Studios destroyed by fire
Gay teens assaulted and fined by police in Romania
ICRC: 28 bodies, 19 children, pulled from rubble after Israeli airstrike, Qana
Cassini photographs possible lakes on Saturn's moon, Titan
Australian PM mobbed by anti-Israel protesters
Health Canada orders recall of contaminated toothpaste manufactured in India
Aircraft makes emergency landing at Edinburgh Airport
Shinzo Abe's LDP suffers set-back in Japanese elections
Fred Thompson raises $3 million, falls short of $5 million goal
Ingmar Bergman dies at age 89
Deadly crash at Dayton, Ohio air show
NBA: Minnesota ready to trade Kevin Garnett to Boston
Taliban report killing another South Korean hostage as deadline passes
King of Tonga to hand power to Prime Minister, ending era of absolute monarchy
Sixteen Christian converts arrested in Iran; facing death penalty
Jaipur's Queen Gayatri Devi dies at 90
Airbus offers funding to search for black boxes from Air France disaster
Michael Schumacher returns to Formula One to replace injured Massa
Vestas protesters sacked with immediate effect
Former USDA employee Shirley Sherrod to sue blogger Andrew Breitbart
Apple releases new Magic Trackpad, updated iMacs and Mac Pros
C-17 crashes near air force base in Alaska
Up to 140 feared dead as boat sinks in DR Congo
July deadliest month for US in Afghanistan War
French woman admits to killing her eight infants
'Crown Fire' forces residents in Southern California to evacuate homes
Medical helicopter crashes in Tucson, Arizona, kills all on board
Olympic rider Bennett-Awad thrown, injured
China strikes first gold in Summer Olympics
Catholic Democrats tell Chicago Cardinal George not to pull funding from immigration campaigners supporting same-sex marriage
Noosa get bonus point win against Nambour in round 18 of Sunshine Coast Rugby Union