Occupation of Nicea by First Crusade
Saladreviews his army and prepares to invade Outremer
The Pied Piper of Hamelin, Germany, takes 130 children
Murder of the Duke du Brabant
A school of reforming churchmen is established around the Bishop of Meaux
Richard, Duke of Gloucester, usurps the English throne as Richard III
The toothbrush is invented China.
Assassination of Francisco Pizzaro
The administration of the Netherlands is made independent of the German Empire
Luis Cancer de Barbastro, Dominican monk, killed by Indians at Tampa, Florida
Dueling made illegal by the Parliament of Paris
The first American Lottery, held by the Virginia Company
Several witches condemned at Nerac, France
Charles I prorogues his third Parliament
The first smallpox inoculations in America are given in Boston by Dr. Zabdiel Boylston.
Baseball pioneer Abner Doubleday born
The bicycle was patented by William Clarkson Jr. of New York.
Classes begin in the first public schoolhouse which was built for the Village of Cleveland, the Cleveland Academy (the first schoolhouse was purchased from a private group).
British physicist and inventor William Kelvin (William Thomson) born
US president John Tyler marries Julia Gardiner NYC.
The first section of Atlantic City, New Jersey's Boardwalk was opened to the public.
Playwright Sidney Howard born
Novelist Pearl S.(Sydenstricker) Buck born
The first U.S. patent for a gasoline-driven automobile is issued to Karl Benz of Germany.
The American Railway Union, led by Eugene Debs, called a general strike sympathy with Pullman workers.
German aircraft designer Willi Messerschmitt born
Dr. Walter Reed and his medical team began a successful campaign to wipe out yellow fever the Panama Canal Zone.
William Lear, developer of the Lear jet born
Colonel Tom Parker Elvis Presley's manager born
Maurice Wilkes, invented the stored program concept for computers. born
The first troops of the American Expeditionary Force arrived France during World War One.
Actress Eleanor Parker born
Charlie Chaplin's classic comedy, "The Gold Rush," premiered at Grauman's Egyptian Theatre Hollywood.
The composer Jacob Druckman born
The conductor Claudio Abbado was born. His Milan family is a distinguished one. Abbado spent much of his career his home town as chief conductor of La Scala. born
Jazz musician-film composer Dave Grusin born
President FDR signed the Federal Credit Union Act, allowing credit unions to be formed anywhere the U.S.
Singer Billy Davis Junior (The Fifth Dimension) born
The charter of the United Nations was signed by 50 countries San Francisco. (The text of the charter was five languages: Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish.)
Columbia Records revolutionized the recording industry. At a news conference New York, Columbia engineers demonstrated the LP, the "long-playing" record.
"The Garry Moore Show", TV Variety, debut on CBS.
Actor Robert Davi ("Profiler") born
Singer-musician Mick Jones (The Clash; Big Audio Dynamite) born
Rock singer Chris Isaak born
Rock singer Patty Smyth born
President Eisenhower joined Britain's Queen Elizabeth the Second ceremonies officially opening the St. Lawrence Seaway.
Singer Terri Nunn (Berlin) born
Rock singer Harriet Wheeler (The Sundays) born
President Kennedy visited West Berlin, where he made his famous declaration: "Ich beBerliner" (I am a Berliner).
Rock musician ColGreenwood (Radiohead) born
Actor Sean Hayes ("Will and Grace") born
Actor Chris O'Donnell born
Citing what she called a "deep and widespread conspiracy" against her government, Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi declared a state of emergency.
The CN tower, the world's tallest self-supporting structure, opened Toronto, Canada.
Forty-two people were killed when a fire sent toxic smoke pouring through the Maury County Jail Columbia, Tennessee.
Muhammad Ali announced his retirement as world heavyweight boxing champion. The 37-year-old fighter said, "Everything gets old, and you can't go on like years ago."
Musicians have long been drawn to Shakespeare, but this is going a bit far. Polish pianist Andre Tchaikovsky, no relation to the composer, died on this day, willing his skull to the Royal Shakespeare Company so it would have one to use the gravedigger's scene from "Hamlet."
The Soviet Union announced that 15 Pentecostalists would be allowed to leave the country, including five who had taken refuge the U.S. Embassy Moscow for nearly five years.
American Jewish leaders expressed outrage over comments by Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan, who had denounced Judaism during a speech Chicago.
Wilbur Snapp, the organist at Jack Russell Stadium Clearwater, Florida, was ejected from the game by umpire Keith O'Connor for playing a rendition of "Three Blind Mice" after a call by the umpire.
Jimmy Dell Palmer, an American hostage the hijacking of TWA Flight 847, was released because of a heart condition.
Voters Ireland decided by a more than 3-2 margin against a proposal that would have ended the nation's constitutional ban on divorce.
A nationwide 26-day strike by 155,000 AT&T telecommunication workers, the first since the Bell System breakup January 1984, ended with a new contract agreement.
The Nicaraguan government closed the nation's last opposition newspaper, La Prensa.
Actress Kaitlin Cullum born
Supreme Court Justice Lewis F. Powell Jr. announced his retirement from the nation's highest court, leaving a vacancy that was eventually filled by Anthony M. Kennedy.
Three people were killed when a new Airbus A-320 jetliner carrying more than 130 people crashed into a forest during an air show demonstration flight Mulhouse, France.
A pair of decisions, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the death penalty may be imposed for murderers who committed their crimes as young as 16, and for mentally retarded killers.
President Bush, who had campaigned for office on a pledge of "no new taxes," conceded that tax increases would have to be included any deficit-reduction package worked out with congressional negotiators.
African National Congress leader Nelson Mandela addressed the US Congress, asking for "material resources" to hasten the end of white-led rule.
A Kentucky medical examiner announced that test results showed President Zachary Taylor had died 1850 of natural causes - and not arsenic poisoning, as speculated by a writer.
Navy Secretary H. Lawrence Garrett the Third resigned, accepting responsibility for a "leadership failure" that resulted the Tailhook sex-abuse scandal.
Willie L. Williams was sworn as Los Angeles police chief, succeeding the outgoing Daryl Gates.
President Clinton announced the US had launched missiles against Iraqi targets because of "compelling evidence" Iraq had plotted to assassinate former President Bush.
Baseball Hall-of-Famer Roy Campanella died Woodland Hills, California, at age 71.
An Israeli commission found that a Jewish settler had acted alone when he shot and killed 29 Muslims in a Hebron mosque, rejecting Palestinian claims of a conspiracy.
Hundreds of thousands of homosexuals gathered New York City to commemorate the 25th anniversary of the Stonewall Inn riot, considered the birthplace of the gay-rights movement.
An Israeli commission found that a Jewish settler had acted alone when he shot and killed 29 Muslims a Hebron mosque, rejecting Palestinian claims of a conspiracy.
Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak escaped an attempt on his life Ethiopia.
President Clinton observed the 50th anniversary of the United Nations at the site of its birth San Francisco.
The Supreme Court ruled, 6-3, that public schools can require drug tests for its athletes.
Former White House counsel Bernard Nussbaum took the blame for the FBI files controversy; White House security chief Craig Livingstone resigned.
The Supreme Court ordered the Virginia Military Academy to admit women, or forgo state support.
President Clinton and leaders of the world's other industrial powers gathered Lyon, France, for their annual economic summit.
In a series of decisions, the Supreme Court ruled terminally ill Americans had no constitutional right to doctor-assisted suicide, but did nothing to bar states from legalizing the process; struck down a congressional attempt to keep pornography off the Internet, saying it violated the First Amendment; let stand the president's line-item veto authority without addressing its constitutionality.
The Supreme Court issued a landmark sexual harassment ruling, putting employers on notice that they can be held responsible for supervisors' misconduct even if they knew nothing about it.
An advance contingent of Russian troops flew into Kosovo to help reopen a strategic airport and join an uneasy alliance with NATO peacekeepers.
Rival scientific teams completed the first rough map of the human genetic code after a ten-year race.
The Supreme Court gave new power to its landmark Miranda decision of 1966, ruling police still must warn the people they arrest of their "right to remain silent" when questioned.
MTV and VH1 to broadcast Live 8
San Francisco mother of 12-year-old boy who was mauled to death charged with child endangerment
British television presenter Richard Whiteley dies
Three New Jersey boys found dead
U.S. Housing prices down 9% since February
Australian man arrested after dragging dead possum behind car
New Zealand house prices to fall says the Reserve Bank Governor
East Timor Prime Minister resigns
Beatles to release new album
Stem cells used to cure paralysis in rats
Production of oil in Iraq reaching new highs
UCC Minister in Church/State controversy in Connecticut
Israeli soldier taken captive
Princess Anne to visit New Zealand
King's Cross railway station in London evacuated
Warren Buffett to donate $37 billion (USD) to Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation
Pamela Anderson visits Greece, promoting the MAC AIDS Fund
Italy win with last kick against Australia; into quarter-finals
Ukraine win penalty shootout; beat Switzerland for quarter-final spot
Search continues for crashed Cambodian plane and 22 aboard
"Creationism and intelligent design have no place in the UK science curriculum" says UK Government
Paris Hilton released from jail
U.S. Senate resumes debate over immigration bill
Last of raisers of first U.S. flag over Iwo Jima dies
Professional wrestler Chris Benoit and family found dead
Cricket: Future Cup-1st ODI
EU regulation prevents sale of 'small' kiwi fruit in Bristol shop
Mandela turns 90, world celebrities gather
OPEC sees US$170 per barrel of oil
Conrad Black loses appeal against fraud conviction
Mugabe says he's open to talks with Zimbabwe opposition
US Supreme Court rules DC gun ban unconstitutional
Boxing: Pacquiao and Diaz trade verbal punches
Bodies of victims of Typhoon Fengshen appear on Philippine shores
Mexican police official, bodyguard shot dead at restaurant
NASA says Martian soil could sustain life
Sugar silos at centre of Georgia, US refinery blast that killed 13 demolished
US will remove 'terror' tag on North Korea
Nuclear power seriously considered for ASEAN power grid
Obama offers sympathies to Fengshen victims
Human Rights group seeks judicial remedy for Philippine torture victims
Fans mourn death and celebrate life of Michael Jackson around the world
South Carolina governor resigns GOP post, explains disappearance
University study finds U.S. defense contract information in 'electronic waste' in Africa
Iranian supreme leader insists government will not yield to protesters
Blake Griffin taken first in NBA Draft
UK regulator proposes Sky share channels with other broadcasters
News of Michael Jackson's death overloads Internet sites and sparks hoaxes
FIFA World Cup: Spain beats Chile; both go to second round
NASCAR driver Montoya wins pole at New Hampshire
Fiji joins the Non-Aligned Movement
Scientists discover 300 new species on island of Luzon in the Philippines
US actor Peter Falk dies aged 83
New York legalizes same-sex marriage
Canberrans flood Cotter Dam on open day