Death of St. Hilary of Arles
Persians capture Jerusalem and seize the True Cross
Election of Pope Gregory VI
Beginning of Gempei War (Japan)
Kublai unanimously elected KaKhan in succession to Mngke
Adolph of Nassau becomes King of Germany
Rupert, King of Germany born
Rome besieged by Imperial Landsknechts
Death of St. Pius V, Pope
Death of Jean Nicot, who introduced tobacco to France
Nicholas Hilliard named English royal artist
Following his defeat at the battle of Naseby in the English Civil War, Charles I surrendered to a Scottish army at Newark.
Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor, died. Emperor since 1658, he sought to regain political institutions and organize the army.
Johann Sebastian Bach signed his contract with the city council of Leipzig. This was the best job Bach ever had, cantor of the School of St. Thomas. But Bach was only the city council's third choice.
Earl Ferrers, the last British peer to be executed, was hanged in London for murdering his steward.
French publisher and bookseller Louis Christophe Francois Hachette born
The first patent awarded to a woman went to Mary Kies of South Killingly, Connecticut, for the rights to a technique for weaving straw with silk and thread.
Danish theologian and philosopher Soren Kierkegaard born
French playwright and writer of farces Eugene Martin Labiche. He wrote some of the most popular comedies of the 19th century French stage. born
Political philosopher, founder and father of modern communism, Karl Marx in Prussia. He authored "Das Kapital." born
Napoleon Bonaparte died in exile on the island of St. Helena.
Hat maker John Stetson born
Henryk Sienkiwicz, author of ``Quo Vadis?'' and winner of the Nobel Literature prize in 1905, in Poland. born
Dr Nathan Smith Davis and 250 other physicians meet in the hall of The Academy of Natural Sciences in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to begin discussions which lead to the formation of the American Medical Association
Giuseppe Garibaldi and his "Thousand Redshirts" sailed from Genoa to conquer Sicily and Naples.
In the American Civil War the Confederates, with 32,000 men under Longstreet, succeeded in blocking 40,000 Federal troops under Sumner at the battle of Williamsburg.
Mexican forces loyal to Benito Juarez defeated French troops sent by Napoleon III in the Battle of Puebla.
The battle of the Wilderness started in the American Civil War. General Lee had just over 60,000 men against Grant's 100,000 men but the Confederates heavily defeated the Federal troops who lost over 17,000 men.
Journalist and women's rights advocate Nellie Bly (Elizabeth Cochran Seaman) was born in Armstrong County, PA. She wrote about controversial topics such as: divorce, mental illness and poverty. Attempting to beat the fictional Phileas Fogg, she traveled around the world in 72 days. Her name became a synonym for female star reporter.
The composer Hans Pfitzner was born. born
Carnegie Hall (then named "Music Hall") had its opening night in New York City.
Congress passed the Geary Chinese Exclusion Act, which required Chinese in the United States to be registered, or face deportation.
The "Panic of 1893" hit the New York Stock Exchange. Various factors were blamed for the panic, including the bankruptcy of a major railroad and shrinking national gold reserves.
Radio actor Freeman Gosden, Amos of "Amos and Andy" born
"The Billboard," a magazine for the music and entertainment industries, began weekly publication after six years as a monthly. The name was later shortened to "Billboard.""
Cy Young pitched the American League's first perfect game as the Boston Red Sox defeated the Philadelphia Athletics, 3-0. He became the first pitcher to throw a no-hitter in each league.
The first issue of the Soviet Communist Party newspaper "Pravda" was published.
Tyrone Power, U.S. star of film and stage. He was best known for his roles in the films ``Mark of Zorro'' and ``Witness for the Prosecution.'' born
Actress Alice Faye (Leppert) born
Giani Zail Singh, seventh president of India from 1982-87. born
Actor Darren McGavin born
Biology teacher John Scopes was arrested for teaching Darwin's theory of evolution in violation of Tennessee state laws.
Author Sinclair Lewis turned down the Pulitzer Prize for his novel "Arrowsmith," telling the committee in a letter that "All prizes, like all titles, are dangerous."
Actress Ann B. Davis born
Amy Johnson began the first solo flight by a woman between England and Australia.
Mahatma Gandhi was arrested by the British in India after his campaign of disobedience.
AFL-CIO president John J. Sweeney born
Saxophonist Ace Cannon born
Edward Ravenscroft of Glencoe, Illinois, received a patent for the screw-on bottle cap with the pour lip.
Italian troops under Field Marshal Badoglio took Addis Ababa in Ethiopia (Abyssinia). On the same date in 1941, Emperor Haile Selassie reentered the capital after the country had been liberated.
Country singer-musician Johnnie Taylor born
Country singer-musician Roni Stoneman born
Actor Michael Murphy born
Actor Lance Henriksen ("Millennium") born
Singer Tammy Wynette born
Sales of sugar resumed in the United States under a rationing program.
A combined British military and naval force landed on Madagascar and by the afternoon the town of Diego Suarez was captured.
Comedian-actor Michael Palin born
Actor John Rhys-Davies born
Actor Jean-Pierre Leaud born
In Austria, French politicians Reynaud and Daladier and former Austrian Chancellor Schuschnigg, imprisoned by the Nazis, were released; Russian forces captured the town of Peenemunde where V1 and V2 rockets were launched; U.S. forces liberated Austria's Mauthausen concentration camp; poet Ezra Pound was arrested in Italy for treason.
In the only fatal attack of its kind during World War Two, a Japanese balloon bomb exploded on Gearhart Mountain in Oregon, killing the pregnant wife of a minister and five children.
Rock musician Bill Ward (Black Sabbath) born
The coronation of King Phumiphon of Siam took place and he assumed the title of Rama IX.
West Germany became a sovereign state.
The baseball musical "Damn Yankees" opened on Broadway.
Jim Bailey became the first runner in the United States to
Actor Richard E. Grant born
Actress Annette Bening born
Rock singer Ian McCullough (Echo and the Bunnymen) born
Actress Cathy Moriarty born
Astronaut Alan B. Shepard became America's first man in space in a brief (15-minute), sub-orbital flight from Cape Canaveral.
A cease-fire was signed between rebels and the military junta in the Dominican Republic civil war.
Actress Tina Yothers. born
Terrorists in El Salvador stormed the French, Venezuelan and Costa Rican embassies demanding the release of political prisoners.
Actress Danielle Fishel ("Boy Meets World") born
A siege at the Iranian Embassy in London ended as British commandos, the troops of the SAS, and police stormed the building killing four of the five gunmen who took over the building.
Irish Republican Army hunger-striker Bobby Sands died at the Maze Prison in Northern Ireland in his 66th day without food.
President Reagan kept a promise to West German Chancellor Helmut Kohl by leading a wreath-laying ceremony at the military cemetery in Bitburg.
Leaders of the seven major industrial democracies, meeting in Tokyo, adopted a joint statement condemning terrorism.
The federal government began a yearlong amnesty program, offering citizenship to illegal immigrants who met certain conditions.
The congressional Iran-Contra hearings opened with former Air Force Major General Richard V. Secord the lead-off witness.
The Most Reverend Eugene Antonio Marino became the nation's first black Roman Catholic archbishop during an installation Mass in the Atlanta Civic Center. (However, Marino stepped down in July 1990 because of a two-year affair with Columbus resident Vicki Long.)
A federal judge ordered sweeping changes in the FBI's promotion system, months after the judge found that the bureau had systematically discriminated against Hispanic employees in advancements and assignments.
"Unbridled" won the 116th running of the Kentucky Derby.
President Bush continued to experience an irregular heartbeat, one day after he was taken to Bethesda Naval Hospital because of fatigue and shortness of breath.
New York's Carnegie Hall celebrated its centennial with an all-day, all-star concert.
President Bush and Democrat Bill Clinton picked up primary victories in Indiana, North Carolina and the District of Columbia.
The music of Josef Suk enjoyed something of a resurgence. His latest appearance in the CD catalogue comes from Chandos, which has issued a collection of his music for solo piano. Margaret Fingerhut does the honors.
Irving Howe, writer and intellectual who wrote ``World of Our Fathers,'' died.
The Bosnian Serb parliament began debating a UN peace plan for Bosnia (it rejected the plan the following day). UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali recommended creation of a tribunal to try those responsible for war crimes in former Yugoslavia.
Singapore caned American teen-ager Michael Fay for vandalism, a day after the sentence was reduced from six lashes to four in response to an appeal by President Clinton, who considered the punishment too harsh.
As rescue workers ended their search for bodies in the Oklahoma City bombing, President Clinton denounced self-styled anti-government militias, saying, "How dare you call yourselves patriots and heroes.""
Talks collapsed between the United States and Japan on averting a trade fight over automobiles.
Powerful thunderstorms began tearing through North Texas, claiming two-dozen lives.
The FBI released preliminary figures showing that serious crimes reported to police fell for the fourth straight year in 1995.
Israel and the Palestinians began the final stage of their peace talks in Taba, Egypt. The FBI released preliminary figures showing that serious crimes reported to police fell for the fourth straight year in 1995.
King Juan Carlos swore in conservative leader Jose Maria Aznar as Spanish prime minister, opening a new era in Spanish politics after 13 years of Socialist rule.
A jury in Jacksonville, Florida, found R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company was not responsible for the death of Jean Connor, a lifelong smoker.
American Airlines' pilots ratified a contract, ending nearly three years of negotiations.
President Clinton arrived in Mexico for his first Latin American trip while in office.
An exasperated Secretary of State Madeleine Albright called on Israel to agree to hand over an additional 13 percent of the West Bank to the Palestinians, on top of the 27 percent already relinquished. (Israel, however, continued to balk at the proposal.)
The first Kosovo refugees brought to the United States, 453 of them, arrived at Fort Dix, New Jersey.
President Clinton began a morale-boosting trip to Europe that included a visit to Ramstein Air Base in Germany, where he met the three American soldiers just released by Yugoslavia.
President Clinton met at the White House with Japan's new prime minister, Yoshiro Mori.
The Labor Department reported the nation's unemployment rate had hit a 30-year low of three-point-nine percent in April 2000, with blacks and Hispanics recording the lowest jobless rates in history.
Reformers swept Iran's run-off elections, winning control of the legislature from conservatives for the first time since 1979 Islamic revolution.
Explosions near British consulate in New York shatter windows
Pakistan captures al Qaeda suspect
Israeli withdrawal halted until Palestinians disarm militants
Raymond N. Rogers, chemist who studied the Shroud of Turin, dies at age 77
Former Russian nuclear energy minister arrested by Swiss authorities on the behalf of the US
Investigators find black box of crashed New Zealand mail plane
Prime Ministers from Finland and Estonia meet
Doubts on yesterday's Italian Lotto and Superenalotto drawing
Liverpool and Milan in Champions League final
Kashmir:Bus across Line of Control goes through peacefully
Darfur rebel leader signs peace plan
Kennett rules out political comeback
Charles Clarke loses Home Secretary position in Cabinet reshuffle, UK
The Sultan's Elephant arrives in London
Rhode Island congressman Patrick Kennedy involved in car accident near U.S. Capitol
Porter Goss resigns as director of the CIA
Australian government announces $52.5 million financial assistance package for Ford
Indian music composer Naushad Ali dies
Cindy Sheehan urges Canada to welcome U.S. deserters
U.S.; China has provided military aid and training to Venezuela
Conservatives make gains in English local elections
Kentucky faith-based agency under fire for religious coercion
World Health Organization launches clinical trial website
New Zealand dog saves five children; receives international attention
Mohammad Khatami meets Pope Benedict XVI
Abby Cadabby debuts at Sesame Place today as a walkaround character
Bermuda Chief Justice: No new charges in Middleton murder
At least nine killed in Greensburg, Kansas tornado
Street Sense wins Kentucky Derby
NHL: Sharks Lose Game 5 to Wings
At least 10,000 reported dead after Burma cyclone
Pipe bomb explodes outside California courthouse
NHL: Stars advance in eighth-longest playoff game
White House spokesperson discusses situation in Burma
Clinical signs a 'reliable measure' of HIV treatment progress
Dozens killed after gunmen storm Turkish wedding reception
BP: One oil leak in Gulf of Mexico plugged
Tanker seized by Somali pirates; Russian warship en route
Knife-wielding woman arrested after allegedly stabbing four at store in West Hollywood, California
FDA report criticizes conditions in factory that produced recalled medications
Greek demonstrators protest austerity measures
Scottish airspace to be closed over volcanic ash concerns
Euro reaches one-year low against US dollar
Heavy rains start in central and southern Chile while aftershock takes place
Taleban launches attack on Afghan city; several dead
DR Congo transport minister sacked after numerous boat accidents
Flight recorders from Air France Flight 447 found
U.S. did not inform Pakistan of bin Laden mission because of suspicions he was being harbored by government
On the campaign trail, April 2012