Death of Pope Leo "the Great"
Death of St. Justus of Canterbury
Death of Pope Celestine IV
Martin Luther, leader of the Protestant Reformation, was born in Eisleben, Germany. born
Thomas Bilney, English Reformation leader, burned at the stake
Francois Couperin was born in Paris. He was one of the greatest Baroque composers France produced, but in his day the French thought nobody understood music except Italians. born
William Hogarth, English artist and engraver born
Playwright Oliver Goldsmith (She Stoops to Conquer, The Vicar of Wakefield) born
The United States Marine Corps was formed by order of the Continental Congress.
In the last battle of the American Revolution, George Rodgers Clark attacks Indians and Loyalists at Chillicothe, in Ohio Territory.
Physician and Naturalist Jared Kirtland (found 1st Kirtland's Warbler [now, a rare bird]) born
Kentucky outlaws dueling.
Cyrus West Field, financier known for the success of the 1st transatlantic cable. born
Captain Henry Wirz, commandant of Andersonville (Georgia) Prison, hanged for excessive cruelty.
journalist-explorer Henry M. Stanley found missing Scottish missionary David Livingstone in central Africa. Stanley delivered his famous greeting: "Dr. Livingstone, I presume?" Livingstone replied: "Yes, and I feel thankful that I am here to welcome you."
Frances Perkins, first woman cabinet member--Secretary of Labor. born
The world's first motorcycle, designed by Gottlieb Daimler, makes its debut.
1st Woman's Christian Temperance Union meeting held (in Boston)
John Knudsen Northrop, aircraft designer. born
The play, "Floradora" opened in New York City and was received by cheering audiences.
Busoni's Piano Concerto premiered in Berlin. It may be the longest piano concerto ever written. It will fit on CD.
Jane Froman (singer Alone, I Believe) born
The Carnegie Corporation of New York is established, the first of the great foundations for scholarly and charitable works.
President Taft ends a 15,000-mile, 57-day speaking tour.
Baseball player and manager Birdie (George) Tebbetts born
Composer and Band director Billy May (many of Sinatra's Capitol hits) born
41 women from 15 states were arrested outside the White House for suffragette demonstrations. American women won the right to vote three years later.
George Fenneman announcer for radio and tv Life - Groucho Marx born
The American Legion held its first national convention, in Minneapolis.
Actor Richard (Jenkins) Burton (Camelot, Hamlet, Anne of the Thousand Days, Becket, The Desert Rats, The Longest Day, Look Back in Anger, The Night of the Iguana, The Robe, The Sandpiper, The Taming of the Shrew, Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?) born
Hirohito was enthroned as Emperor of Japan.
Pianist and composer Paul Bley (Open to Love, Fragments, My Standard; founding member: Jazz Composers Guild) born
Actor Roy Scheider (All that Jazz, Blue Thunder, Marathon Man, The French Connection, Jaws series, 2010, 52 Pickup, seaQuest DSV) born
The first air-conditioned automobiles were on display today at the Auto Show in Chicago.
Native American rights activist Russell Means born
Lyricist Tim Rice (Jesus Christ, Superstar, Evita, Joseph and His Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat; film scores: Gumshoe, Odessa File) born
Actress Alaina Reed-Hall born
Singer David Loggins (Please Come to Boston) born
Rock singer-musician Greg Lake (Emerson, Lake and Palmer) born
Actress-dancer Ann Reinking (Pippin, All that Jazz, Annie, Mickey and Maude) born
Singer songwriter (Yvonne Vaughn) Donna Fargo (The Happiest Girl in the Whole U.S.A., Funny Face) born
Singer Ronnie Hammond (So in to You, Imaginary Lover) born
Monty Woolley starred as "The Magnificent Montague", which debuted on NBC radio.
Actor Jack Scalia (Pointman, The Devlin Connection, Dallas, High Performance, Berrenger's, Hollywood Beat, Storybook, Shattered Image, Wolf, Tequila & Bonetti) born
Direct-dial coast-to-coast telephone service began as Mayor M. Leslie Denning of Englewood, New Jersey, called his counterpart in Alameda, California.
U.S. Supreme Court upholds the decision barring segregation on interstate railways.
Football player Rusty Chambers born
The Iwo Jima Memorial was dedicated in Arlington, Virginia.
Movie director Roland Emmerich ("Independence Day") born
Actor Actor Matt Craven ("LA Doctors") born
Actor-comedian Sinbad born
Billie Holiday returned to the New York City stage at Carnegie Hall after a three-year absence. The concert was called a high point in jazz history.
Actress Mackenzie Phillips (One Day at a Time, American Graffiti, Eleanor & Franklin) born
Australia begins a draft to fulfill its commitment in Vietnam.
Twenty years after the first release of "Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer", Gene Autry received a gold record for the single on this day.
The classic, "Sesame Street" debuted on 170 Public Broadcasting Stations and 20 commercial outlets. Created by the Children's Television Workshop, the show starred endearing characters including Gordon, Susan, Bob, Bert, Ernie, the Cookie Monster, Oscar the Grouch and, of course, Big Bird!
Two women are tarred and feathered in Belfast for dating British soldiers, while in Londonderry, Northern Ireland a Catholic girl is also tarred and feathered for her intention of marrying a British soldier.
Hijackers divert a jet to Detroit, demanding $10 million and ten parachutes.
The UN General Assembly approved a resolution equating Zionism with racism (however: the world body repealed the resolution in December 1991).
The ore-hauling ship "Edmund Fitzgerald" and its crew of 29 vanished during a storm in Lake Superior.
The Utah Supreme Court gave the go-ahead for convicted murderer Gary Gilmore to be executed: according to his wishes. (The sentence was carried out the following January.)
Rock musician Chris Jannou (Silverchair) born
Voyager I flies past Saturn.
Actress Heather Matarazzo born
The newly finished Vietnam Veterans Memorial was opened to its first visitors in Washington DC.
Soviet President Leonid Brezhnev died at age 75 after 18 years in power.
Britain's Prince Charles and Princess Diana, during their visit to Washington D.C., attended morning services at the National Cathedral, toured the National Gallery of Art and were hosts at a dinner party at the British Embassy.
President Ronald Reagan refuses to reveal details of the Iran arms sale.
Camille Sontag and Marcel Coudari, two Frenchmen who had been held hostage in Lebanon, were released.
President Reagan, seeking to shore up the embattled US dollar, declared the currency had fallen far enough and that his administration was "not doing anything to bring it down."
The Department of Energy announced that Texas would be the home of a $4.4 billion atom-smashing super collider. However, support for the project declined as cost estimates soared, and Congress finally voted in October 1993 to kill it.
Workers began punching a hole in the Berlin Wall, a day after East Germany abolished its border restrictions.
Secretary of State James A. Baker III returned to Washington, claiming success in his week-long diplomatic tour aimed at shoring up the anti-Iraq coalition.
Chandra Shekhar was sworn in as India's new prime minister.
"Silk Stalkings" TV Crime Drama debut on USA.
Publishing magnate Robert Maxwell was buried in Israel, five days after his body was recovered off the Canary Islands.
President Bush dismissed State Department official Elizabeth Tamposi for her role in a pre-election search for passport records of his rivals, Democrat Bill Clinton and Ross Perot.
A jury in Manassas, Virginia, acquitted John Wayne Bobbitt of marital sexual assault against his wife, Lorena, who'd sexually mutilated him. Mrs. Bobbitt was later acquitted of malicious wounding.
The U.S. House of Representatives passed the so-called "Brady Bill," which called for a five-day waiting period for handgun purchases.
Iraq, hoping to win an end to trade sanctions, recognized Kuwait's borders.
Prominent attorney Louis Nizer died in New York at age 92.
U.S. officials said the United States planned to stop enforcing the arms embargo against the Bosnian government the following week, despite opposition in the U.N. Security Council to lifting the ban.
Searchers in Katmandu, Nepal, rescued 549 hikers after a massive avalanche struck the Himalayan foothills, killing 24 tourists and 32 Nepalese.
Defying international appeals for clemency, Nigeria's military rulers hanged playwright Ken Saro-Wiwa along with eight other anti-government activists.
A bomb ripped through a crowd of mourners in a Moscow cemetery, killing 14 people and wounding nearly 50 (authorities later charged the head of an Afghan war veterans fund with masterminding the bombing, saying the target was a rival veterans group).
David Brinkley hosted his last "This Week With David Brinkley," the Sunday morning ABC news show.
The Bosnian Serbs' new military commander (Major General Pero Colic) was sworn in, a day after General Ratko Mladic, a war crimes suspect, was dismissed.
A judge in Cambridge, Mass., reduced Louise Woodward's murder conviction to manslaughter and sentenced the English au pair to the 279 days she'd already served in the death of 8-month-old Matthew Eappen.
A Jury in Fairfax, Virginia, convicted Mir Aimal Kasi of one count of capital murder, one count of first-degree murder and eight additional charges stemming from a shooting attack outside CIA headquarters in January 1993.
WordCom Inc. and MCI Communications Corp. agreed to a $37 billion merger.
The Pentagon stepped up the movement of warships to the Persian Gulf as the Clinton administration swept aside the idea of negotiations with Iraq over UN weapons inspections rejected by the Iraqis.
Investigators said the flight data recorder from EgyptAir Flight 990 showed things were normal until the autopilot mysteriously disconnected and the Boeing 767 began what appeared to be a controlled descent.
President Clinton decided to delay and shorten a trip to Greece in reaction to growing security concerns and the prospect of violent anti-American demonstrations.
Over 30 killed in a Baghdad restaurant bombing
U.S. asks Czech Republic to grant asylum to Guantanamo Bay prisoners
EU's human rights court endorses Turkish headscarf ban
Religious broadcaster Pat Robertson warns Pennsylvania town of disaster
U.S. Senate majority goes to Democrats
Opposition to John Bolton's appointment to the UN grows
Jon S. von Tetzchner, CEO for Opera speaks against DotMobi
Canadian PM to amend Criminal Code, drugged drivers to be charged
MI5 Chief: surprised and alarmed by speed of radicalisation of Muslims in UK
Study tests the use of Google as an aid for medical diagnoses
New stadium in Auckland for 2011 rugby world cup preferred by NZ government
Criss Angel challenges Uri Geller and Jim Callahan over paranormal claims
TECA celebrates 60-year anniversary with Taipei Audio Video Fair
Greek opposition party's members vote for president
Ancient volcano in Yellowstone National Park is rising
Indian Socialist leader Jugal Kishore Raibir passes away
More US recalls: Fish pool toy rips fingernail off child, numerous toys with excessive lead
Mukasey confirmed and sworn in as Attorney General for US
Irish Obama song proves popular on Internet
India wins Gavaskar Border trophy defeating Australia 2-0
US Secret Service officer arrested during prostitution sting
Strong 6.5 earthquake strikes China
Emergency declared in El Salvador after torrential rains
Creator of website satirizing Glenn Beck on winning domain name case
China loans Ethiopia US$349 million for construction of expressway
Christchurch, NZ man admits murdering wife and neighbour and having sex with bodies
Heavy 6.7 earthquake strikes Indonesia; at least one killed
Two Kenyans kidnapped in Somalia by gunmen
Zimbabwe projects 15% average growth over next five years
NATO, Afghan police seize 250 tons of suspected bomb-making material
NATO: 130 militants killed in Afghanistan
France sends special envoy to North Korea
Prospects for a space elevator rise
Korean navies exchange fire
Ousted Thai PM arrives in Cambodia to take up government post
Vitaly Ginzburg, Russian academician and physicist, dies at age 94
Nokia takes over Symbian OS development
Czech Republic Minister of Transport banned from driving
Pentagon unable to explain 'mystery missile' video
Drunken passenger triggers UK-Dominican Republic flight's diversion to Bermuda
Right-to-die activists reveal euthanasia for Dutch patient with severe dementia
Seventeen soldiers die in Turkey helicopter crash