Caliph Umar assassinated at Medina, succeeded by Caliph Uthman
Death of St. Felix of Valois
Coronation of Charles VI, King of France
Christopher Columbus discovers Guadeloupe during his second expedition.
Christian II, King of Denmark and Norway, crowned King of Sweden
Ibrahim, Ottoman sultan (1640-48) born
The Massachusetts Bay Colony passed a law making it a capital offense to deny that the Bible was the Word of God. Any person convicted of the offense was liable to the death penalty.
William III, King of England and Ruler of Holland (William of Orange) born
Marriage of William and Mary.
Anglican clergyman Augustus M. Toplady. Toplady authored the hymn "Rock of Ages" two years before his premature death at 38 in 1778. born
The British playwright Richard Brinsley Sheridan. His most famous play is The School for Scandal (1777). born
After a stormy three-year courtship marked by a broken engagement, Abraham Lincoln marries Lexington-born Mary Todd.
B.F. Palmer of Meredith, New Hampshire was issued a patent for an artificial leg.
Lighthouse established on Alcatraz Island.
The Gatling gun was patented
Berlioz also composed a grand opera called "Les Troyens" only part of which was performed while he was still alive. That happened on this day, and the music was heckled by a conductor named Cheri. Cheri was promptly challenged to a duel by Georges Bizet.
Two patents were issued Francisco for gold dental crowns, and one to Anthony Iske of Lancaster, Pennsylvania, for a meat-slicing machine.
A patent was issued to J.J. Ritty of Dayton, Ohio, for a cash register. He had obtained the idea from watching counters on a ship that kept up with the revolutions of ship propellers. His company became National Cash Register Company in 1884.
Humorist Will Rogers (The Wall Street Girl, A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court; humorist: "I never met a man I didn't like."; mayor: Beverly Hills; cowboy; subject of Broadway show: Will Rogers Follies) born
Democrat Grover Cleveland was elected to his first term as president, defeating Republican James G. Blaine.
Fashion designer Pauline Trigere born
Former CBS news anchorman Walter Cronkite "...and that's the way it is" born
Actor (Byron Barr) Gig Young (They Shoot Horses Don't They?, Teacher's Pet, Young at Heart, Desperate Hours, The Rogues; TV host/narrator: Warner Brothers Presents) born
Actress Virginia Field (A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court, Dance, Girl, Dance, Waterloo Bridge) born
Actor (Mitzell) Cameron Mitchell (Trapped Ali, Hollywood Cop, Swift Justice, Blood and Black Lace, How to Marry a Millionaire, Desiree, The Tall Men, Carousel, Homecoming, The High Chaparral, Swiss Family Robinson) born
Actor Art Carney (Ed Norton on The Honeymooners, Harry and Tonto, Last Action Hero, Izzy and Moe, House Calls, Roadie, Take this Job and Shove It) born
Actor Martin Balsam (A Thousand Clowns, All the President's Men, Breakfast at Tiffany's, The Carpetbaggers, Death Wish 3, Delta Force, The Goodbye People, Harlow, Little Big Man, Marjorie Morningstar, Murder on the Orient Express, Psycho, Tora! Tora! Tora!, Twelve Angry Men, All in the Family) born
British archaeologist Howard Carter discovered the tomb of ancient Egypt's child-king, Tutankhamen.
Postmaster General orders all homes to get mailboxes or relinquish delivery of mail.
Beer mogul Alfred Heineken born
The composer of a very different Requiem died. It was recorded that Gabriel Faure's words were, "I did what I was able. And now let God judge."
Calvin Coolidge elected 30th president.
Nellie Tayloe Ross of Wyoming was elected the nation's first female governor to serve out the remaining term of her late husband, William B. Ross, Miriam Ferguson elected second women governor of Texas. Nellie Tayloe Ross was inaugurated the next month, five days before Texas governor Miriam Ferguson.
Baseball player Jim Piersoll born
Actress Doris Roberts (St. Elsewhere, Remington Steele, Maggie, Angie, National Lampoon's Christmas Vacation, Ordinary Heroes, Used People) born
Actress Kate Reid (Death of a Salesman, The Andromeda Strain, Atlantic City, Death Ship, Gavilan, Dallas) born
Baseball player Dick Groat born
Baseball player Tito (John) Francona born
Actress Loretta Swit (Hot Lips Houlihann - M*A*S*H ) born
Rhythm-and-blues singer Harry Elston (Friends of Distinction) born
Two months after England and France declared war on Nazi Germany, Congress passes the Neutrality Act of 1939, repealing the prohibition of arms exports to belligerent powers as specified in the Neutrality Act of 1937.
Blues singer Delbert McClinton (I Received a Letter, Sandy Beaches, Hey Baby, Giving It Up for Your Love) born
During World War Two, Axis forces retreated from El Alamein in North Africa in a major victory for British forces commanded by Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery.
Baseball pitcher Joe Niekro born
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) is established.
Photographer Robert Mapplethorpe (known for photographs of sadomasochistic rituals, nudes, portraits, still lifes) born
T.S. Eliot was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature
Actress Markie Post (Night Court, Hearts Afire, Fall Guy, The Gangster Chronicles) born
Dwight D. Eisenhower was elected president, defeating Democrat Adlai Stevenson and ending 20 years of Democratic administrations.
Country singer-musician Van Stephenson (BlackHawk) born
Rock singer-musician Chris Difford (Squeeze) born
Soviet forces entered Budapest to crush the anti-Communist revolt in Hungary.
Angelo Roncalli becomes Pope John XXIII. Though his papacy was expected to be uneventful, his convening of the Second Vatican Council and his changing of the church's attitudes toward nonCatholics were milestones for Roman Catholics.
Country singer Kim Forester (The Forester Sisters) born
Actor Ralph Macchio (the Karate Kid) born
Singer Andrea McArdle (Annie) born
London's "Evening Standard" newspaper published John Lennon's controversial remark stating that the Beatles were "more popular than Jesus." The quote touched off a storm of controversy and international protest, resulting in a world-wide boycott of Beatles music.
Actor Matthew McConaughey born
Rapper-producer Puff Daddy (Sean "Puffy" Combs) born
King Peter II of Yugoslavia dies in a hospital in Denver, Colorado, and is buried in the Liberty Easter Serbian Orthodox Monastery in Liberty, Illinois, becoming the first European king or queen to die and be buried in the United States.
Rhythm-and-blues singer Shawn Rivera (Az Yet) born
The Iranian hostage crisis began as militants stormed the United States Embassy in Tehran. 90 people, including 63 Americans, were taken hostage at the embassy in Iran, by militant student followers of Ayatollah Khomeini who demand the return of Shah Mohammad Reza Pablavi, who was undergoing medical treatment in New York City.
Ronald Reagan won the White House as he defeated President Carter by a strong margin.
President Reagan paid homage to U.S. servicemen killed and wounded in Lebanon and Grenada when he attended a ceremony at the Camp Lejeune Marine base in N. Carolina, and met privately with the servicemen's families.
Nicaragua held presidential elections, with the ruling Sandinistas claiming victory the next day and the United States denouncing the proceedings as a farce.
To the shock and dismay of U.S. officials, Soviet defector Vitaly Yurchenko announced he was returning to the Soviet Union, charging he had been kidnapped by the CIA.
Democrats regained control of the U.S. Senate, 55-45.
Six-year-old Elizabeth (Lisa) Steinberg was pronounced dead at a New York City hospital in a child-abuse case that sparked national outrage; her illegal adoptive father, Joel Steinberg, was later sentenced to prison for manslaughter.
In a ceremony at O'Hare International Airport in Chicago, President Reagan signed a measure providing for US participation in an anti-genocide treaty signed by President Truman in 1948.
Iran marked the 10th anniversary of the seizure of the U.S. Embassy with a poorly attended commemoration.
Up to one million East Germans filled the streets of East Berlin for a pro-democracy rally.
Iraq issued a new broadside, saying he was prepared to fight a "dangerous war" rather than give up Kuwait.
Secretary of State James A. Baker III visited U.S. troops in the Saudi Arabian desert.
Douglas Wakiihuri of Kenya and Wanda Panfil of Poland won the New York City Marathon.
Former President Reagan opened his library in Simi Valley, California, with a dedication ceremony attended by President Bush and former presidents Jimmy Carter, Gerald Ford and Richard Nixon.
Iran's Islamic Republic News Agency announced the arrest the previous September of American businessman Milton Meier, who had lived in Iran for 17 years, on charges of "illegal business dealings" and espionage.
Speaking outside the Arkansas governor's mansion, Arogant president-elect Bill Clinton appealed to foreign leaders to cooperate with President Bush during his final two months in office.
The White House challenged Ross Perot to a debate on the North American Free Trade Agreement with Vice President Al Gore; Perot, calling it "a desperate move," quickly accepted.
Alfred Schnittke produced a classical work which sounds completely different from anything you've heard before in spite of his tendency to quote from older composers. This time it's Concerto Grosso No. 5, actually a violin concerto.
In Union, South Carolina, townspeople jeered as Susan Smith was led into court, a day after the 23-year-old secretary was arrested and charged with murder in the drownings of her sons, three-year-old Michael and 14-month-old Alexander.
Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin was assassinated by a right-wing Israeli minutes after attending a peace rally. Rabin, 73, was a war hero who had become one of the Jewish state's foremost architects of peace.
On the last day of campaigning before Election Day, President Clinton appealed for a second term by taking credit for a revived economy, while Republican Bob Dole warned of mounting Clinton ethical questions.
In off-year elections, Republicans won high profile races as New Jersey Governor Christie Whitman won a cliffhanger re-election while New York City Mayor Rudolph Giuliani won a second term and James Gilmore won the race for Virginia governor.
Iraq agreed to postpone the expulsion of American weapons inspectors until after UN envoys finished their mission.
In the wake of disappointing election results in which House Republicans saw their majority trimmed, GOP lawmakers talked of quickly wrapping up impeachment proceedings against President Clinton and raised the prospect of challenges to Speaker Newt Gingrich or other party leaders.
Aaron McKinney, who beat gay college student Matthew Shepard and left him to die on the Wyoming prairie, avoided the death penalty by agreeing to serve life in prison without parole and promising never to appeal his conviction.
Some 10,000 Iranian students rallied outside the former U.S. Embassy in Tehran to mark the 20th anniversary of its seizure by Islamic militants.
First Google Print books unveiled
UK National Audit Office: Online learning service Learndirect 'too bureaucratic'
Anti-Bush protests turn violent in Argentina
Major new bird flu outbreaks reported in Asia
New Zealand radiographers plan to strike
Telecom New Zealand to sell Yellow Page Group
100 icebergs heading for New Zealand
Dove ad viewed more than 3 million times on YouTube
Stern: greatly underestimated costs in climate change report?
Outlaw gangs, says New Zealand First
Green opportunism pays off
Massive blackout in France
Israeli attacks in Gaza kill 17
Evangelist Hovind found guilty for tax fraud
Subtropical storm strikes Washington
Peter Andren, Australian MP dies aged 61
Australia Votes 2007: Labor plan for home buyers
University of Maine may file lawsuit against My Chemical Romance
Hundreds detained under emergency rule in Pakistan
Chad releases seven Europeans held in alleged kidnap plan
Rare earthquake strikes Antarctica
Paula Radcliffe makes comeback and wins New York City marathon
Genentech seeks accelerated FDA approval for brain tumor treatment
Viewed wins the Melbourne Cup
DNA tests confirm bones found are Steve Fossett's
Cyprus to charge five over 2005 plane crash that killed 121
Fear and loathing on the campaign trail, October 2008
US voters go to the polls
New Mexico-based charismatic leader fails to predict doomsday, again
One killed, many boats damaged in storms on Spanish island of Majorca
Tropical Storm Mirinae kills 90 in Vietnam
French structuralist Claude LÃ©vi-Strauss dies at age 100
Sierra Leone rebel convicts sent to Rwandan jail
Staffordshire hoard goes on display in British Museum in London, England
Palestinian state set to be abandoned, says Erekat
Afghan policeman shoots and kills five British soldiers
Seventeen year old accused of raping four year old in Kherwadi, Mumbai
Tom Menino wins historic fifth term as Mayor of Boston; plus results from area cities
Polls held for US state and local elections, with incomplete GOP success
Equatorial Guinea coup plotters pardoned, released from jail
New insulin-resistance discovery may help diabetes sufferers
Sparky Anderson, former baseball manager for Detroit Tigers, Cincinnati Reds, dead at 76
UK judge clears policeman of fraud during London bomb probe
Jerry Brown defeats Meg Whitman in election for California governorship
Diamonds: Anglo American to pay US$5.1 billion for 40% of De Beers
Australian newspapers could be fined for breaches of media standards