Canterbury submits to William "the Conqueror"
Betrothal of Henry, heir to Germany and the Holy Roman Empire, to Constance, daughter of the King of Sicily
Alessandro Achillini, Bologna, Italy, philosopher, physician born
Election of Pope Innocent IX
Sir Walter Raleigh was beheaded in London. He had been charged with plotting against King James I.
John Winthorp elected Governor of the Massachusetts Bay colony
The founder of Pennsylvania, William Penn, landed at what is now Chester, Pennsylvania.
Scottish biographer James Boswell born
The overture to "Don Giovanni" was composed under rather remarkable circumstances. The opera was just hours from its first performance when Mozart was reminded that he still had the overture to write. Mozart had his wife Constanza make punch and tell him fairy tales.
John Elliotson, English physician who advocated the use of hypnosis in therapy. He was one of the earliest of British physicians to urge use of the stethoscope. born
The great violinist Paganini debuted. His first gig was at a decent locale Milan's La Scala. Paganini was then 21.
Singer-composer Daniel Decatur Emmett, who wrote the words and music for "Dixie." Born in Mount Vernon, Ohio. He was also the organizer of one of the first minstrel show troupes. born
Abraham Kuyper, a Dutch theologian, statesman, and journalist who led the Anti-Revolutionary Party, an orthodox Calvinist group, to a position of political power and served as prime minister of The Netherlands from 1901 to 1905. born
Harriet Powers, one of America's most talented folk-artists. She was a Georgia quilter born as a slave. Using the African appliqu tradition, she made quilts containing Biblical narratives. born
International Committee of the Red Cross founded.
Franz von Papen German statesman and diplomat who helped Adolf Hitler to become German chancellor in 1933. born
Jean Giraudoux, French dramatist, novelist and diplomat, famous for his book Tiger at the Gates born
Fred Lazarus, Jr. American merchandiser who parlayed his family's small but successful department store into a $1.3 billion holding company known as Federated Department Stores. born
Actor Douglas Montgomery (Harmony Lane, Little Women) born
Comedian-singer Fanny Brice. Popular American singing comedienne who was long associated with the Ziegfeld Follies. She is especially remembered for her satiric sketches of ballet dancers, fan dancers, and "vamp" actresses. (Her life was the subject of the show Funny Girl.) born
Joseph G. Goebbels, German Nazi Propaganda Minister who died of suicide in Hitler's bunker. born
Actor Akim Tamiroff (For Whom the Bell Tolls, Anastasia, The Bridge of San Luis Rey, Hotel Paradiso, Lord Jim, The Story of Louis Pasteur) born
President McKinley's assassin, Leon Czolgosz, was electrocuted.
Albert Brumley, a 19th century hymnodist who wrote "I'll Fly Away," "Precious Lord," "River of Memory," and "Rank Stranger." born
American newspaperman Joseph Pulitzer died in Charleston, South Carolina.
Bill Maudlin, American cartoonist whose GI "Willie" and "Joe" characters appeared in Stars and Stripes newspapers born
Composer Neal Hefti (TV's Batman theme, The Odd Couple theme) born
The musical "Runnin' Wild," which introduced the Charleston, opened on Broadway.
The Republic of Turkey was proclaimed.
Musician Zoot (John Haley) Sims (tenor/alto sax with Goodman Band, Woody Herman Orchestra, Stan Kenton, Gerry Mulligan, Birdland All-Stars, Jazz at Carnegie Hall) born
Opera tenor Jon Vickers born
Russian archaeologist Peter Kozloff uncovers the tomb of Genghis Khan in the Gobi Desert.
"Black Tuesday" descended upon the New York Stock Exchange. Prices collapsed amid panic selling and thousands of investors were wiped out as America's "Great Depression" began.
R(onald) B(rooks) Kitaj Ohio born Pop Art painter born
Prokofiev's Overture on Russian Themes was premiered. Prokofiev also composed an Overture on Hebrew Themes and an American Overture.
Musician and singer Sonny Osborne (with Up this Hill and Down, Rocky Top, Tennessee Hound Dog, Georgia Pinewoods) born
Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson drew the first number -- 158 -- in America's first peacetime military draft.
Pittsburgh Steelers linebacker Andy Russell born
Country singer Lee Clayton born
Rock musician (Brian Hines) Denny Laine (The Moody Blues) born
The first commercially made ballpoint pens went on sale at Gimbels Department Store in New York City. The pens sold for $12.50 and racked up a tidy profit of $500,000 in the first month!
Singer Melba Moore (You Stepped into My Life) born
Musician Peter Green (Fleetwood Mac) born
Actor Richard Dreyfuss (The Goodbye Girl, Valley of the Dolls, Jaws, Mr. Holland's Opus, Close Encounters of the Third Kind, Lost in Yonkers, Nuts, American Graffiti, Down and Out in Beverly Hills, The Graduate, Postcards from the Edge, In Mama's House) born
Former first lady Frances Cleveland Preston died in Baltimore at age 83.
Sandy Sadler surprised the boxing world by knocking out Willie Pep to win the world featherweight boxing title in the fourth round in New York City.
Actress Kate Jackson (Charlie's Angels) born
John Cameron Swayze and "The Camel News Caravan" were replaced by Chet Huntley and David Brinkley on NBC-TV. The "Huntley-Brinkley Report" clicked so well that the respected newsmen reported nightly until July of 1970.
"Goodnight, David" "Goodnight, Chet" heard on NBC for 1st time. (Chet Huntley & David Brinkley, NBC News, team up).
During the Suez Canal crisis, Israel launched an invasion of Egypt's Sinai Peninsula.
A youngster with a mean punch, Cassius Clay, won his first professional fight in a decision over Tunney Hunsaker.
Singer Randy Jackson (The Jackson Five brother of Michael, La Toya, Janet, Jermaine, Tito, etc.) born
Veteran actor, Adolphe Menjou died at the age of 73.
Thieves steal a jewel collection--including the world's largest sapphire, the 565- carat "Star of India," and the 100-carat DeLong ruby--from the Museum of Natural History in New York. (The Star and most of the other gems were recovered; three men were convicted of stealing them.)
Rock musician Peter Timmins (Cowboy Junkies) born
The National Organization for Women (NOW) was founded.
The counter-culture musical "Hair" opened off-Broadway.
Actress Joely Fisher born
The U.S. Supreme Court orders immediate desegregation, superseding the previous "with all deliberate speed" ruling.
Neil Diamond received a gold record for the hit, "Cracklin' Rosie".
Musician Toby Smith (Jamiroquai) born
Rock singer SA (311) born
Actress Winona Ryder (Horowitz) (Little Women, Bram Stoker's Dracula, The Age of Innocence, Beetlejuice, Edward Scissorhands, Lucas) born
Palestinian guerrillas kill an airport employee and hijack a plane, carrying 27 passengers, to Cuba. They force West Germany to release 3 terrorists who were involved in the Munich Massacre.
O.J. Simpson set two NFL records this day. The Buffalo Bills' star running back ran 39 times for 157 yards -- and he rushed for over 1,000 yards in only seven games.
Loretta Lynn, received a gold record for her album, "Greatest Hits, Vol. 2."
Lindy Chamberlain is found guilty of murder of her child in a Darwin Court. She was sentenced to life imprisonment with hard labor. The case is known as The "Dingo Baby Murder Mystery."
Golfing great, Tom Watson, won his sixth PGA Player of the Year title; the most won by any golfer since the award was first given in 1948.
Following the confirmation defeat of Robert H. Bork to serve on the US Supreme Court, President Reagan announced his choice of Douglas H. Ginsburg, a nomination that fell apart over revelations of Ginsburg's past marijuana use.
Jazz great Woody Herman died in Los Angeles at age 74.
The maiden voyage of the Soviet Union's space shuttle was delayed because of problems with ground equipment.
At least 20,000 East Berliners observed a minute of silence for those killed while attempting to flee over the Berlin Wall, the first such public mourning since Communist Party authorities built the wall in 1961.
The U.N. Security Council voted to hold Saddam Hussein's regime liable for human rights abuses and war damages during its occupation of Kuwait.
A New York City jury acquitted 17-year-old Lemrick Nelson of murdering Yankel Rosenbaum, an Australian Hasidic scholar who was killed in rioting that erupted in the Crown Heights section of Brooklyn in August 1991 following the traffic death of a black child who was hit by a Hasidic driver. (In February 1997, a jury convicted Nelson and Charles Price of violating Rosenbaum's civil rights.)
President Clinton, speaking at the Kennedy presidential library in Boston, promoted the North American Free Trade Agreement, saying President Kennedy would have supported it.
A group of US luge athletes was attacked by right-wing skinheads in Oberhof, Germany.
A gunman fired more than two-dozen shots at the White House. Francisco Martin Duran was later convicted of trying to assassinate President Clinton and was sentenced to 40 years in prison.
Palestinians burned American and Israeli flags and swore revenge for the assassination of Dr. Fathi Shakaki, the leader of the radical Islamic Jihad and a top architect of terror attacks against Israel. (Shakaki was gunned down three days earlier in Malta, reportedly by Israeli intelligence.)
Hundreds of thousands of New York Yankees fans participated in an enormous blue-and-white ticker-tape parade for the World Series champions.
Chinese President Jiang Zemin met with President Clinton at the White House; the two leaders clashed over China's human rights record, but agreed to end the diplomatic chill between their countries.
The Baghdad government barred Americans from the UN disarmament effort in Iraq -- a move that outraged chief weapons inspector Richard Butler and prompted him to suspend inspections.
The government cleared the powerful drug tamoxifen as a way for healthy women at very high risk of breast cancer to cut their odds of getting a tumor
Senator John Glenn, at age 77, roared back into space aboard the shuttle Discovery, retracing the trail he'd blazed for America's astronauts 36 years earlier.
Sixty-three people were killed when fire broke out during a disco party in Goteborg, Sweden.
South Africa's Truth and Reconciliation Commission condemned both apartheid and violence committed by the African National
A panel of European Union scientists ruled that British beef was safe for export, rejecting French scientific arguments to continue a ban because of fears of mad cow disease.
Some 3,000 people attended a memorial service in Orlando, Florida, for golfer Payne Stewart, who was killed along with five other people in the crash of their Learjet.
Osama bin Laden admits responsibility for September 11, 2001 attacks
Lance Armstrong shares criticisms of Tour de France director
Romania switches to Winter Time
Major train wreck in Southern India
Tom Cruise parody site defiant in face of Scientology threats, demands its day in court
Syrian residents claim U.S. bombing, shooting into Syria
Democratic challenger for U.S. Senate seat calls Iraq war 'strategic blunder'
India successfully tests cryogenic rocket engine
Israeli president advised to step down
Report of air crash near Abuja - over 100 feared dead
Missing Los Alamos Laboratory documents found in drug bust
Top U.S. military officer recommends removing all troops from Baghdad
U.S. ranks 53rd in press freedom index
Mother of Californian firefighter calls on arsonist to surrender
Prime Minister Ghedi of Somalia resigns
US turns security for Karbala over to Iraqi forces
Boston Red Sox are World Series Champions once again
Hunter says he caught 'Bigfoot' on camera
$1m offer for NBC to include U.S. presidential candidate Gravel in TV debate
Wikimedia fundraiser highlights webcomic community's frustration with Wikipedia guidelines
ElBaradei says no 'concrete evidence' of Iranian nuclear weapons program
Two men arrested in Tennessee for plot to kill Obama and school children
Mars orbiter finds widespread evidence of water-bearing minerals
Deadly quake hits southwestern Pakistan
State of emergency declared in New York over H1N1 swine flu virus
Date set for Bradfield, Higgins by-elections: Australian Electoral Commission
AFL provides insufficient support for European leagues: Germany
McDonald's restaurant to close all locations in Iceland
UN Security Council votes to extend Ivory Coast sanctions
Two 10-year-old UK boys arrested for alleged rape of girl aged 8
NASA completes successful test flight of new Ares IX rocket
Home demolitions in East Jerusalem continue
Newcastle United's St. James' Park naming rights go up for sale
Mozambique holds presidential and parliamentary elections
University of Missouri Hospital in lockdown after 'violent individual' attempts to gain access to building
No-fly zone demanded by Syrian protesters
U.S. prepares for arrival of Hurricane Sandy
Bremer Freimarkt, oldest fair in Germany, reaches its climax
Fleetwood Mac cancel upcoming Australian and New Zealand tour