Capture of Gerard de Ridefort, 10th Master of the Templars, at the Siege of Acre
Otto IV crowned Holy Roman Emperor
The Damascus Moslems, with their allies the Templars, Hospitalers, and other Franks, march on Cairo and the Khwarismians
Louis X "the Quarreler", King of France born
Martin Luther wrote a letter about music. "There are doubtless a number of seeds of good in those who like music," he wrote, adding that "the devil flees song much as he flees a sermon."
1st complete English translation of the Bible printed by London printer Miles Coverdale, 47. He was a good translator who later served on two other translation committees. He was also popular as a Lutheran preacher.
Charles IX, King of Sweden born
Richard Cromwell, Puritan Lord Protector of England born
1st code of law for Plymouth Colony
Peter Stuyvesant of NY establishes America's 1st volunteer firemen
American forces under General George Washington were defeated by the British in a battle at Germantown, Pennsylvania. British General Sir William Howe repels George Washington's last attempt to retake Philadelphia, compelling Washington to spend the winter at Valley Forge.
French painter of peasant life, Jean François Millet. The Gleaners, The Man with the Hoe, and The Angelus were popular prints in the 19th century. born
Rutherford B. Hayes, 19th president of the United States, in Delaware, Ohio.
English devotional writer Dorothy Frances Gurney. During her lifetime she published two volumes of verse, as well as a small devotional work entitled, 'A Little Book of Quiet.' born
Western-scene artist Frederick Remington born
The Union ship USS South Carolina captures two Confederate blockade runners outside of New Orleans, La.
Alexander Zemlinsky was born. Zemlinsky was Arnold Schoenberg's teacher, and there is clear evidence that Zemlinsky had the idea of serial music before Schoenberg did. Schoenberg not only got the credit, he also got the girl, marrying Zemlinsky's daughter. born
Kiowa leader Santanta, known as "the Orator of the Plains," surrenders in Darlington, Texas. He is later sent to the state penitentiary, where he commits suicide October 11, 1878.
Mormons in Utah renounced polygamy.
Catherine Booth, 61, wife of Salvation Army founder William Booth dies. Her last words were: 'The waters are rising, but so am I. I am not going under but over. Do not be concerned about dying; go on living well, the dying will be right.'
Silent film comedian Buster (Joseph F.) Keaton in Piqua, Kansas. (Sherlock, Jr. and The General) born
The first US Open golf tournament was held, at the Newport Country Club in Rhode Island.
Orville Wright pilots the first flight longer than 30 minutes. The flight lasted 33 minutes, 17 seconds and covered 21 miles.
An opera by a 13-year-old boy was premiered in Vienna. "The Snowman" was written by Erich Korngold, who went on to be a famous Hollywood soundtrack composer.
The first German Zeppelin raids London.
Actor Charlton Heston born
Country singer Leroy Van Dyke born
The comic strip "Dick Tracy," created by Chester Gould, made its debut.
Actress Felicia Farr born
Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini conferred at Brenner Pass in the Alps, where the Nazi leader sought Italy's help in fighting the British.
Author Jackie Collins born
Actress Susan Sarandon born
Actor Armand Assante born
Actor Alan Rosenberg ("Cybill") born
Producer Russell Simmons born
The television series "Leave It to Beaver" premiered on CBS. It ran until 1963, when Beaver was a middle teen.
The Space Age began as the Soviet Union launched Sputnik, the first man-made satellite, into orbit. The satellite, built by Valentin Glushko, weighed 184 pounds and was launched by a converted Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM). Sputnik orbited the earth every 96 minutes at a maximum height of 584 miles. In 1958, it reentered the earth's atmosphere and burned up.
The first trans-Atlantic passenger jetliner service was begun by British Overseas Airways Corporation (BOAC) with flights between London and New York.
Musician Chris Lowe (The Pet Shop Boys) born
Pope Paul the Sixth became the first reigning pontiff to visit the Western Hemisphere as he addressed the UN General Assembly.
Cambodia admits that the Viet Cong use their country for sanctuary.
Rock musician Andy Parle (Sapce) born
Rock singer Janis Joplin, 27, was found dead in her Hollywood hotel room.
Judge John Sirca puts the gag rule on the Watergate break-in case.
Actress Alicia Silverstone born
In Gregg v. Georgia, the U.S. Supreme Court lifts the ban on the death sentence in murder cases. This restored the legality of capital punishment, which not been practiced since 1967. The first execution following this ruling was Gary Gilmore in 1977.
Agriculture secretary Earl Butz resigned in the wake of a controversy over a joke he'd made about blacks.
Funeral services were held at the Vatican for Pope John Paul I.
Actress Rachel Leigh Cook born
Actor Jimmy Workman ("As Good As It Gets") born
The highest-scoring major college football game was played - the final score was Oklahoma 82, Colorado 42.
Islamic Jihad issued a statement saying it had killed American hostage William Buckley. (Fellow hostage David Jacobsen, however, later said he believed Buckley had died of torture injuries four months earlier.)
The Soviet Union informed the United States that a fire had broken out aboard a Soviet nuclear submarine in the Atlantic Ocean, but that there was no danger of an explosion or radiation leakage.
Actor Michael Charles Roman born
National Football League owners staged their first games since the players union went on strike, with non-striking and replacement personnel on the gridiron at sparsely attended stadiums.
Indian professor Mithileshwar Singh, freed the day before by his Lebanese kidnappers, told reporters in Damascus, Syria, that his captors had treated him well during his 20 months of imprisonment, but that "there is no substitute for freedom."
Fawaz Younis, a Lebanese hijacker convicted of commandeering a Jordanian jetliner with two Americans aboard in 1985, was sentenced in Washington.
The first meeting of the reunified Germany's parliament took place in the Reichstag. The building had not been used by German lawmakers since Adolf Hitler banned all political parties from it with the exception of the Nazis in the 1930's.
An Israeli Boeing 747 cargo jet crashed into an Amsterdam apartment complex, killing 43 people.
Dozens of cheering, dancing Somalis dragged the body of an American soldier through the streets of Mogadishu.
In Moscow, the occupation of the Russian parliament building ended as tanks and paratroopers flushed out hard-line opponents of Boris Yeltsin.
Exiled Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide vowed in an address to the U.N. General Assembly to return to Haiti in 11 days.
President Clinton welcomed South African President Nelson Mandela to the White House.
Hurricane Opal battered the Florida panhandle.
Pope John Paul II, proclaiming himself a "pilgrim of peace," arrived in the United States for a five-day visit.
A judge in Philadelphia issued an injunction preventing major league baseball umpires from striking for the remainder of the postseason over an incident in which Roberto Alomar of the Baltimore Orioles spat on umpire John Hirschbeck.
Hundreds of thousands of men attended a Promise Keepers rally on the mall in Washington DC, in one of the largest religious gatherings in US history.
Russian envoys warned Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic that NATO might launch air-strikes unless he took "decisive measures" to end the humanitarian crisis in the southern province of Kosovo.
Brazilian President Fernando Henrique Cardoso won re-election.
An Illinois jury ordered State Farm to pay $456 million to 4.7 million customers in a lawsuit accusing the nation's largest car insurer of using inferior parts for auto body repairs. (Four days later, the judge ruled State Farm had committed fraud, and awarded $730 million in actual and punitive damages on top of the jury verdict. State Farm is appealing.)
Microsoft Office 12 will support PDFs
Physics Nobel Prize awarded for insights into light
Energy companies to raise consumer rates
European court upholds asset freeze in terrorist case
"Junk" foods may affect aggressive behaviour and school performance
Iraqi insurgents guilty of war crimes, says Human Rights Watch
Apple plans another special event
British comedian Ronnie Barker dies
Bush may deploy military if bird flu breaks out
High tides sweep west Galveston Bay
Historic 'Tree of Knowledge' dies in Queensland, Australia
2,887 ecstasy tablets intercepted at New Zealand International Mail Centre
US Nationwide Pollution Permit Restrictions Upheld
Nobel Prize in chemistry for insight into cells
New allegations over the US e-mail scandal hit the Republican party
Hubble discovers 16 new planets
2,000 homeless after 4-hectare fire in Bislig City, Philippines
Howard K. Stern files lawsuit against former MSNBC, FOX News journalist over Anna Nicole book
North Korea agrees to disable its main nuclear reactor
North and South Korea sign peace pact
Australian government approves Tasmanian pulp mill
Australian treasurer declares that he is "a lot of fun"
AFL: Gary Ablett wins Geelong's best and fairest
NASA says star system contains 'earth-like planet' in the making
Thousands of trapped miners rescued in South Africa
Former Canadian PM still recovering after heart surgery
Stolen Leonardo da Vinci painting recovered by police
2007/08 UEFA Cup: Copenhagen vs. Lens
2007/08 UEFA Cup: October 4 results
2007/08 UEFA Cup: Belenenses vs. Bayern Munich
Major League Soccer Season: Toronto FC vs. Red Bull New York
Newly released script from 1970s would have been used as announcement after nuclear attack in UK
OJ Simpson found guilty in kidnapping, armed robbery case
Lordi release music video for Finnish chart-topper 'Bite It Like a Bulldog'
Suspect in 1998 bombing of US embassy in Tanzania won't face death penalty
Nebraska teacher sentenced to 6 years for sex with student
Hurricanes may be associated with sunspots
Study estimates first human HIV infection 100 years ago
U.S. Senate approves revised bailout package after controversial additions
Mother, daughter accused of stealing of husband's $3.5 million lottery ticket
Fiery collision between prison van and truck kills seven in Alabama, US
Ireland votes 'Yes' to Lisbon Treaty
Greece to hold general elections
Second stone circle found one mile from Stonehenge
Israeli police and Palestinians clash in Jerusalem
FBI arrests, charges man over nude videos of US presenter Erin Andrews
Typhoon Parma threatens Taiwan
Eight US soldiers killed in Afghanistan after clash with millitants
Sebastian Vettel wins Japanese Grand Prix
US free speech lawyer defends satire of Glenn Beck
Greek man arrested over alleged plot to hijack Emirates airliner at Karachi airport
Report says global warming may cause 25m malnourished children by 2050
France considers chemically castrating sex offenders
Church van flips killing four, injuring fifteen in Georgia, US
U.S. issues travel alert for Europe amidst fears of Al Qaeda attack
School bus crash kills one student in Georgia, US
Moderate earthquake hits Crete, Greece
Plane crash on Catalina Island injures three, causes bush fire
NASCAR: Greg Biffle wins Price Chopper 400