The Greeks defeated the Persians at Marathon. A Greek soldier ran 26 miles to tell Athenians of the victory and died after his announcement. His feat provided the model for the modern marathon race.
Pompey the Great (Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus) born
Confucius (traditional Chinese date) born
The Emperor Lothar dies in Gaul, and his kingdom is divided between his three sons
Death of Louis, founder of the German Kingdom
William the Conqueror invades England. Valour in the centuries since William the Conqueror built this now ruined royal fortress.
King Henry of England defeats his brother Robert at the Battle of Tinchebrai and reunites England and Normandy.
Death of Robert de Sable, 11th Master of the Templars
Death of Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor
King James I of Spain, "the Conqueror," defeats Moors
The Portuguese explorer Juan Cabrillo, who was exploring northwest shores of Mexico under the Spanish flag, sailed into San Diego Bay. It was the first European sighting of California.
Michelangelo da Caravaggio, Italian painter. He did many religious paintings in a realistic style, which was a great influence on later painters such as Rembrandt and Rubens. born
Samuel de Champlain and his colonists return to France from Port Royal Nova Scotia.
A statute was enacted by the colony of Maryland, giving ministers the right to impose divorce on "unholy couples."
The British national anthem God Save the King was sung for the first time. (Drury Theater in London)
American forces in the Revolutionary War, backed by a French fleet, began their siege of Yorktown Heights, Virginia. (last battle of the the Revolutionary War)
David Walker, Black American Abolitionist whose pamphlet Appeal . . . to the Colored Citizens of the World . . . , urging slaves to fight for their freedom, was one of the most radical documents of the antislavery movement. born
Congress voted to send the just-completed Constitution of the United States to state legislatures for their approval.
Richard Bright, British physician who was the first to describe the clinical manifestations of the kidney disorder known as Bright's disease, or nephritis. born
Prince Nicolaus Esterhazy died, leaving Haydn a fairly large pension provided he kept the title of Esterhazy Kapellmeister. The new prince, Anton, fired the Esterhazy orchestra, but in the process saved so much money that he was able actually to add to Haydn's annuity.
Prosper Mrime, the French novelist whose novel "Carmen" provided the story for Bizet's opera. born
Andover Theological Seminary first opened in Massachusetts, under sponsorship of the Congregational Church.
German social philosopher Friedrich Engels born
American educator and feminist leader Frances E. Willard. She was the first woman college president in America born
Georges Clemenceau, French prime minister during World War I born
Flogging was abolished as a form of punishment in the US Navy.
Elizabeth Anderson became the first licensed physician in Britain.
Colonel Ronald Mackenzie raids a war camp of Comanche and Kiowa at the Battle of Palo Duro Canyon, Texas, slaughtering 2,000 of their horses.
George de Forest Brush, American painter noted for his penetrating representations of family groups. born
The Belgian violin master Eugene Ysaye was married. One of the wedding gifts he and his bride received was a piece of music; the haunting Violin Sonata in A major by Cesar Franck.
Herman Melville, the author of Moby Dick, died in virtual obscurity in New York City
Mansfield University hosted the first night football game at Smythe Park in Mansfield, Pennsylvania.
At a convention in Atlanta, three Baptist groups merged to form the National Baptist Convention. It is today the largest African-American denomination in America and the world.
CBS Chairman William Paley born
TV variety show host Ed Sullivan born
A woman is placed under arrest for smoking a cigarette on New York's Fifth Avenue.
German heavyweight boxer Max Schmeling born
The modern British poet Stephen Spender born
Race riots in Harriston, Mississippi, kill 10 people.
English actor Peter Finch born
Tom Harmon, American football player, a Heisman Trophy winner, who was one of the greatest tailbacks in collegiate football history. born
In baseball's biggest scandal, a grand jury indicted eight players of the Chicago White Sox for throwing the 1919 World Series with the Cincinnati Reds.
Actor William Windom born
Italian film director Marcello Mastroianni born
Two US Army planes landed in Seattle, Washington, having completed the first round-the-world flight in 175 days. The flight was made in 57 hops, each one averaging 483 miles. The actual flying time was 351 hours.
Comedian Jerry Clower born
Seymour R. Cray, American electronics engineer who was the preeminent designer of the large, high-speed computers known as supercomputers. born
Country singer Tommy Collins born
Actress Brigitte Bardot born
The first issue of "The Sword of the Lord" was published. Founded by Baptist evangelist John R. Rice, 39, it became the largest independent Christian weekly for years, and was recognized by liberals as the "voice of fundamentalism."
Blues singer Koko Taylor born
During World War Two, Germany and the Soviet Union agreed on a plan to partition Poland.
Robert Todd Duncan sang the role of Tonio in I Pagliacci at the New York City Opera, the first black in America to sing in an opera with an otherwise all-white cast.
Singer Helen Shapiro born
Movie writer-director-actor John Sayles born
Actress Sylvia Kristel born
Explorer VI, the U.S. satellite, takes the first video pictures of earth.
Actress-comedian Janeane Garofalo born
TV personality Moon Zappa born
Walter Washington took office as the first mayor of the District of Columbia.
Rhythm-and-blues singer Sean Levert (Levert born
Actress Mira Sorvino born
Japan and Communist China agreed to re-establish diplomatic relations.
First lady Betty Ford underwent a mastectomy at Bethesda Naval Medical Center in Maryland, following discovery of a cancerous lump in her breast.
Country singer Mandy Barnet born
Albino Luciani, who was elected as Pope to succeed Paul VI and who chose the name John Paul I, died after a Papacy of one short month. Rumors persist about his having been poisoned. He was found dead the following morning.
US Representative Patricia Schroeder (Democrat, Colorado) announced in Denver that she would not run for the Democratic presidential nomination.
Secretary of State George P. Shultz and Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze met in New York to discuss, among other things, the case of American journalist Nicholas Daniloff, accused by the Soviets of spying.
President Reagan vetoed legislation designed to toughen curbs in textile, apparel and shoe imports, arguing it would have "disastrous effects" on the economy at a time when exports were growing.
Deposed Philippine President Ferdinand E. Marcos died in exile in Hawaii at age 72.
The exiled emir of Kuwait visited the White House, where he told President Bush the Iraqis were destroying and looting his country.
Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev praised President Bush's pledge to drastically reduce the U.S. nuclear arsenal, and promised to ''reciprocate.''
U.N. weapons inspectors ended a five-day standoff with Iraq over documents relating to Iraq's nuclear weapons program.
Jazz great Miles Davis died in Santa Monica, Calif., at age 65.
A Pakistani jetliner crashed in Nepal, killing all 167 people aboard.
Aides to President Bush and Democrat Bill Clinton met in Dallas with supporters of Ross Perot, who hinted afterward he might re-enter the presidential race.
First lady Hillary Rodham Clinton went to Capitol Hill to begin selling the administration's health care plan to Congress.
"Cats" 5,000th Broadway performance (joins Chorus Line & Oh! Calcutta!)
Ferry boat Estonia capsize & sinks in East Sea, 909 killed
Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and PLO chairman Yasser Arafat signed an accord to transfer much of the West Bank to the control of its Arab residents.
With the United States abstaining, the UN Security Council passed a resolution indirectly calling on Israel to close an archaeological tunnel in Jerusalem that had touched off fighting between Israelis and Palestinians.
Landmark legislation to crack down on illegal immigrants in the United States won House passage as part of a giant federal spending bill.
Asteroid 1991 CS passes closer than 5 million miles to Earth
Orioles' Roberto Alomar suspended 5 games for spitting at ump
Newscaster David Brinkley, 74, retires after 54 years in broadcasting
Swiss voters overwhelmingly endorsed their government's liberal drug policies, including the controversial state distribution of heroin to hardened addicts.
Mark McGwire of the St. Louis Cardinals hit his 58th home run on the final day of the regular season as his team beat the Chicago Cubs, 2-to-1.
Hurricane "Georges" plowed into the Gulf Coast, weakening to a tropical storm but pouring rain at an inch-an-hour pace. President Clinton declared an emergency late in the day.
The Supreme Court agreed to decide whether a state can give visitation rights to grandparents when, after a divorce or some other family split, the children's parents say no. (In June, the court had ruled that Washington state went too far in letting grandparents and others seek visitation, but it stopped short of giving parents absolute veto power over who gets to visit their children.)
ALA observes banned book week
U.S. house majority leader DeLay indicted, steps down temporarily
FCC extends 911 deadline for VoIP
Emerging technologists showcased at MIT
Fuel hike plans spark unrest across Indonesia
French ferry raided by military forces
U.S. Senate debates ten year sunset for federal agencies
9/11 Anthrax investigation quietly loses urgency
MIT's "$100 laptop" to be unveiled in November MIT's
Microsoft invested 4 billion USD into Xbox division
Toll New Zealand announces that the Overlander train service will stay
India's Sania Mirza beats Martina Hingis at the Korea Open
1993 Mumbai blasts: One more guilty verdict, five others acquitted
2008 GOP convention to be in Minnesota
New Zealand Reserve Bank phone hacker not convicted
New York City considers stricter regulations on trans fat
Nightwish release 'Dark Passion Play', most expensive album in Finnish history
Bat for Lashes plays the Bowery Ballroom: an Interview with Natasha Khan
Rugby World Cup: Georgia claim first World Cup victory
Hate Crime victim finds assailant on Facebook
Canadian woman marries New Zealand man on radio show
Trust formed to protect New Zealand's free speech
Japanese journalist shot and killed in Myanmar
Anglican Church of Australia approves female bishops
Insurgent commander Abu al-Tunisi declared dead in airstrike - one year after first report of death
At least 9 protesters killed, 11 wounded in Myanmar
Movie 'The Assassination of Jesse James' leaked on the internet
Wikileaks claims news organisations pressured to remove articles on billionaire fraudster
Vancouver-Kingsway riding is clash between NDP and Liberals
Wales loses all BBC TV and Radio services
McCain and Obama face off in U.S. presidential candidate debate
Fire hits Egyptian national theatre
Vatican accepts Juan Pablo Cafiero as Argentine Ambassador
United Kingdom to introduce graphic images on cigarette packets
US pastors plan to defy law and endorse candidates
Home of controversial book publisher set ablaze
Apple announces two billionth download from App Store
Lewis Hamilton wins Singapore Grand Prix
Suspect arrested for murder of Iraq's entire taekwondo team
Indian lunar mission Chandrayaan finds water on moon
Utah police investigate polygamist family from reality show 'Sister Wives'
Former professional wrestler Giant GonzÃ¡lez dies aged 44
Polish soldier killed in eastern Afghanistan
Gunman commits suicide at University of Texas
Journalist forbidden to leave Belarus
Singer Andy Williams dies at 84