Gregory I ("the Great") is consecrated pope. Regarded as the father of the medieval papacy and last of four Latin "Doctors of the Church." He was the first pope to aspire to secular power, the man for whom Gregorian Chant is named, and one of the main organizers of Roman liturgy and its music. He was also one of the prime promoters of monasticism.
England's King Richard the First (the Lion-Hearted) was crowned in Westminster.
Richard I and his army arrive at Messina, Sicily
Mamelukes under Sultan Qutuz defeat Mongols and Crusaders at Ain Jalut.
Edward III, King of England, lays siege to Calais
Geoffrey Chaucer robbed of 20 pounds belonging to the King at the "foul oak" in Kent
Suliman "The Lawgiver" occupies Buda, Hungary
Composer Adriano Banchieri born
Nicolo Amati, violin maker born
Flemish chairman of military Pieter Stockmans born
Parliament defeats Scots; issuance of first campaign medals
Battle at Worcester-Oliver Cromwell destroys English royalists
First Protectorate Parliament meets
Oliver Cromwell, the Lord Protector of England, dies.
Turkish troops break through defense of Vienna
Italian violinist and composer Pietro Antonio Locatelli born
King William's War in America ends with Treaty of Ryswick
Johan-Theodoor van Bayern, prince-bishop of Luik and cardinal born
Composer Ferdinand Zellbell born
Matthew Boulton, English engineer who invented the steam engine with James Watt. born
US adopts Gregorian calender (becomes Sept 14)
This day never happened nor next 10 as England adopts Gregorian Calendar. People riot thinking the government stole 11 days of their lives
Charles X, Versailles France, Duke of Prussia born
Composer Jean Nicolas Auguste Kreutzer born
The Treaty of Paris was signed, officially ending the seven-year American Revolutionary War and recognizing U.S. independence from Britain.
Composer Ludvig Anton Edmund Passy born
Teacher Prudence Crandall, controversial for her efforts to educate black girls founder of school for "young ladies of colour" born
John Humphrey Noyes, found Oneida Community (Perfectionists) born
The first successful one-cent, or penny, newspaper was published. Benjamin H. Day issued the first copy of "The New York Sun." By 1826, the paper had the largest circulation in the country - 30,000.
Frederick Douglass escapes slavery disguised as a sailor. He would later write The Narrative Life of Frederick Douglass, his memoirs about slave life.
California State Constitutional Convention convenes in Monterey
Author Sarah Orne Jewett "Tales of New England" born
A German musical journal published an article that said that truly European music could never be composed by Jews because Jews, were a migrating race who would forever be aliens in their adopted country. The real author was none other than Richard Wagner.
Architect Louis Sullivan, called the father of the skyscraper and father of modern US architecture. born
Merchant Edward Albert Filene. He established US credit union movement born
Norse author Hans Aanrud (Slve Solfeng) born
Composer Hale Ascher Vander Cook born
German theologist and historian Wilhelm Bousset born
Auto designer Ferdinand Porsche born
American neo-orthodox theologian H. Richard Niebuhr, professor at Yale University and author of Christ and Culture (1951) born
Sir Frank MacFarlane Burnet, Austrialian virologist who was recognised for his work on diseases such as influenza, polio, and cholera. born
British annex Natal (South Africa).
Actress Kitty Carlisle Hart (Catherine Holzman) panelist Tell the Truth. born
The Allies turned back the Germans in the World War I Battle of Verdun.
Actress Helen Wagner ("As the World Turns") born
Women gain the right to vote in Italy.
"Beetle Bailey" cartoonist Mort Walker born
Country singer Hank Thompson born
Actress Anne Jackson born
"Time" magazine contributing editor Hugh Sidey born
Country singer Tompall Glaser born
Actress Eileen Brennan (Emmy Award-winning actress Benjamin) born
Sir Malcolm Campbell became the first person to drive an automobile over 300 miles an hour. Campbell drove his Bluebird Special on the Bonneville Salt Flats in Utah at a speed of 304.331 MPH
Britain and France declared war on Germany, two days after the Nazi invasion of Poland. Britain's Prime Minister, Neville Chamberlain, announced the declaration of war against Germany at 11:15 a.m. Britain was quickly joined by France, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa and Canada.
Actress Pauline Collins born
Rock singer-musician Al Jardine (The Beach Boys) born
Actress Valerie Perrine born
The British Eighth Army invaded Italy during World War Two, the same day Italy signed a secret armistice with the allies.
Rock musician Donald Brewer (Grand Funk Railroad) born
Rock guitarist Steve Jones (The Sex Pistols) born
Actor Costas Mandylor born
Rock singer-musician Todd Lewis (The Toadies) born
Lieutenant General Ngyuen Van Thieu is elected president of South Vietnam.
Motorists in Sweden began driving on the right-hand side of the road, instead of the left.
The original version of the television game show "What's My Line?," hosted by John Charles Daly, broadcast its final episode after more than 17 years on CBS. Panelists on the first show were: Dorothy Kilgallen, Louis Untermeyer, Dr. Richard Hoffman and NJ Governor Harold Hoffman. Arlene Francis and Bennett Cerf joined the show a short time later. Kilgallen, Cerf and Francis were the continuing regulars for fifteen years. Fred Allen, Hal Block and Steve Allen served as panelists for short stints at different times.
Football coach Vince Lombardi died in Washington DC.
Singer Jennifer Paige born
The unmanned US spacecraft "Viking Two" landed on Mars to take the first close-up, color photographs of the planet's surface.
Pope John Paul the First was installed as the 264th pontiff of the Roman Catholic Church.
Hurricane "David" struck along the central Florida coast, leaving several people dead and millions of dollars in damage.
David Brinkley ended an illustrious 38-year career with NBC News. He then moved to ABC News.
The space shuttle Discovery landed at Edwards Air Force Base in California, ending a seven-day mission that included the retrieval, repair and redeployment of a malfunctioning satellite.
Arson experts in Passaic, New Jersey, believed that children may have started a trash bin fire that spread and destroyed dozens of houses and factories, causing $400 million in damage.
President Reagan ranked as "best-mannered person" in the country, in a list compiled by etiquette expert Marjabelle Stewart.
American officials said the United States had approached the Soviet Union with a proposal to free American journalist Nicholas Daniloff in exchange for granting pretrial release to accused Soviet spy Gennadiy Zakharov.
A Soviet prosecutor accused West German pilot Mathias Rust of seeking "cheap popularity" by landing a private plane in Moscow's Red Square, and demanded that Rust be sentenced to eight years at hard labor. (Rust was convicted, but freed the following August.)
On the presidential campaign trail, Democrat Michael Dukakis paid a visit to Ellis Island in New York, while Republican George Bush met reporters at his official Washington residence.
The United States began shipping a $65 million package of military aircraft and weapons to help Columbia fight its war against drug lords.
A Cubana de Aviacion jetliner crashed after takeoff in Havana, killing all 126 aboard and 26 people on the ground.
Dr. David Acer, a Florida dentist, died of AIDS after apparently infecting five of his patients with the HIV virus.
President Bush returned to Washington from his Maine vacation home to prepare for his summit in Finland with Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev.
Jerry Lewis dedicated his 25th Labor Day telethon to raise funds for the fight against muscular dystrophy to the late Sammy Davis.
Twenty-five people were killed when fire broke out at the Imperial Food Products chicken-processing plant in Hamlet, N.C.
Academy Award-winning director Frank Capra, whose films included ''It Happened One Night,'' ''Mr. Smith Goes to Washington'' and ''It's a Wonderful Life,'' died in La Quinta, Calif., at age 94.
Baseball owners voted 18-to-9-to-one to ask commissioner Fay Vincent to resign.
Nobel laureate geneticist Barbara McClintock died at 90.
An Italian relief plane was shot down by ground-to-air missiles outside of Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina.
The Labor Department reported the nation's unemployment rate edged down to a two-year low of six-point-seven percent the previous month.
Placido Domingo recorded, for Deutsche Grammophon, with Cheryl Studer singing Desdemona and Sergei Leiferkus playing Iago. Myung-Whun Chung conducted the orchestra of the Paris Opera-Bastille.
An American Indian Tribal panel in Alaska exiled two teenagers, who beat and robbed a pizza delivery man, to an uninhabited, offshore island for a year.
China and Russia proclaimed an end to any lingering hostilities, pledging they would no longer target nuclear missiles or use force against each other.
Testing Serb will, the United Nations reopened a route to Sarajevo and threatened more air attacks if the rebel stranglehold of the Bosnian capital didn't end.
The United States launched 27 cruise missiles at "selected air defense targets" in Iraq as punishment for Iraq's invasion of Kurdish safe havens.
The US Senate voted to ban most federal financing for abortions provided by the managed-care industry.
Arizona Governor Fife Symington was convicted of lying to get millions in loans to shore up his collapsing real estate empire. (Symington, who resigned as governor, is appealing his convictions on six counts after one count was later thrown out.)
President Clinton visited Omagh, Northern Ireland, walking down the street where a car bomb had killed 29, and offered his condolences to the families of the victims.
NASA temporarily grounded its space shuttle fleet after inspections had uncovered damaged wires that could endanger a mission.
A French judge closed a two-year inquiry into the car crash that killed Princess Diana, dismissing all charges against nine photographers and a press motorcyclist, and concluding the accident was caused by an inebriated driver.
US unemployment fell to four-year low before Katrina
Cape Verde to launch first public university, with Brazil's support
Liberia's World Cup woes averted
Swazi princess beaten by government official for wild party
Blizzard Entertainment's victory over bnetd sealed in Appeals Court
Sun retires the Sun Industry Standards Source License
Federal government begins employing strategies to repair New Orleans
Rapper Kanye West denounces Bush response, American media at hurricane relief telethon
Chimpanzee genome sequenced
Mayor of New Orleans Ray Nagin slams Bush, federal government in radio interview
French President Jacques Chirac hospitalized
Deadly blaze in Paris possibly caused by arson
Federal response to Katrina a "national disgrace"
Chief Justice of the United States, William H Rehnquist, dies at age 80
Many nations offer material aid to hurricane victims; Bush refuses to accept
14 Indian, Pakistani pilgrims killed in Iraq
Al-Qaeda releases new videotape
Two-day NATO offensive sees 80 captured, over 200 fatalities
Second in command of al-Qaeda in Iraq in custody
Toads cause traffic jam on British Columbia highway
Apple cancels NBC Fall TV lineup on iTunes
Nominees of Taiwan Sports Elite Awards announced and acknowledged
Hurricane Felix now Category 5
Death toll in fatal fire in Croatia climbs to eight
Interview: cracked iPhone working in New Zealand
Drunk coach driver arrested after crash injures at least 30
Iraq peace talks draw to a close in Finland
Fred Thompson to make Presidential announcement on The Tonight Show
Rumors say U.S. to remove North Korea from list of terrorist nations
"Island Man" spends a night on 162 Scottish islands
Professional wrestler Walter "Killer" Kowalski dies at age 81
US Senator Joseph Lieberman speaks at Republican National Convention
Service held in Nova Scotia on tenth anniversary of Swissair crash that killed 229
UN aid plane crash kills 17 in Democratic Republic of the Congo
DHS relies on Wikipedia for asylum information, appeals court rules against use
Great White offers US$1 million settlement over Station nightclub fire
Questions raised about McCain's choice of Palin, aides insist "thorough vetting" process
Gunmen kill seventeen at drug rehab centre in Ciudad Juarez, Mexico
Music videos return to UK version of YouTube after agreement with PRS
Brush fire threatens Molokai, Hawaii
Magnitude 7.0 earthquake hits New Zealand
Scientist detained after bomb scare closes Miami airport
New South Wales Legislative Assembly votes in favor of same-sex adoption
Jamaica to host the 2011 CONCACAF under-17 football championship
Australian teacher drops 'gay' from kookaburra folk song
Texas woman accused of shooting landlord dies in hospital
Microsoft releases Windows Phone 7 to manufacturing
Australian Greens leader criticises media ethics
Study concludes 9/11 firefighters are 19% more likely to develop cancer
Slovakia's Alena Kanova defeats Sara Head, taking bronze in class 3 table tennis
Philippine economic growth slows slightly in 2nd quarter of 2012
Gliders suffer first loss in London Paralympics against Canada
Slovenia goes down to China in their final sitting volleyball game in pool play at London Paralympics
Fifteen medals awarded on London Paralympics fourth night of track and field
Medals awarded at final day of rowing at London Paralympics
'I wanna tell you a story': English entertainer Max Bygraves dies at age 89